Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Biology Midterm Review
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Biology Midterm Review

22,778

Published on

Biology questions with answers from the Biology test bank.

Biology questions with answers from the Biology test bank.

Published in: Technology, Education
2 Comments
6 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
22,778
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
287
Comments
2
Likes
6
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Biology Midterm Review
  • 2. <ul><li>You do not have to write the questions down as I will post this on www.slideshare.com . </li></ul><ul><li>You should write down the number of the question and try to answer each question. </li></ul><ul><li>The correct answer will be provided. </li></ul>
  • 3. 1 <ul><li>1. Molecules of ____________________ inside cells encode information to direct their growth and development . </li></ul>
  • 4. DNA
  • 5. 2 <ul><li>The study of the interactions of living organisms with one another and with the nonliving part of their environment is called ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 6. ecology
  • 7. 3 <ul><li>All cells have the same basic ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 8. structure
  • 9. 4 <ul><li>____________________ is the sum of all chemical reactions carried out in an organism. </li></ul>
  • 10. Metabolism
  • 11. 5 <ul><li>To function properly, all living things maintain a constant internal environment through the process of ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 12. homeostasis
  • 13. 6 <ul><li>Genetic engineers are transplanting plant ____________________ into other plants to create crops that are resistant to frost damage. </li></ul>
  • 14. genes or DNA
  • 15. 7 <ul><li>Frogs, toads, and salamanders are all examples of ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 16. amphibians
  • 17. 8 <ul><li>An educated guess, or ____________________, may be tested by experimentation. </li></ul>
  • 18. hypothesis
  • 19. 9 <ul><li>In a controlled experiment, the ____________________ group is the group that receives some type of experimental treatment. </li></ul>
  • 20. experimental or the manipulated
  • 21. 10 <ul><li>A unifying explanation for a broad range of observations is a(n) ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 22. theory
  • 23. 11 <ul><li>A(n) ____________________ is a group of atoms held together by covalent bonds. </li></ul>
  • 24. molecule
  • 25. 12 <ul><li>The attraction between oppositely charged ions results in the formation of a(n) ____________________ _______________. </li></ul>
  • 26. ionic bond
  • 27. 13 <ul><li>Substances with a pH lower than 7 are ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 28. acidic
  • 29. 14 <ul><li>Long chains of nucleotides are called ____________________ ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 30. nucleic acids
  • 31. 15 <ul><li>The starting materials for chemical reactions are called ____________________, while the new substances that are formed are called ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 32. reactants, products
  • 33. 16 <ul><li>The energy needed to start a chemical reaction is called ____________________ ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 34. activation energy
  • 35. 17 <ul><li>The portion of an enzyme molecule into which a specific substrate can fit is called the ____________________ ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 36. active site
  • 37. 18 <ul><li>Scientists use ____________________ units when taking measurements. </li></ul>
  • 38. metric or SI
  • 39. 19 <ul><li>____________________ is a measure of the clarity of an image. </li></ul>
  • 40. Resolution
  • 41. 20 <ul><li>While a light microscope uses light to visualize a specimen, electron microscopes use an ____________________ beam and a vacuum chamber. </li></ul>
  • 42. electron
  • 43. 21 <ul><li>The basic unit of structure and function in an organism is the ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 44. cell
  • 45. 22 <ul><li>Modern prokaryotes are generally known as ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 46. bacteria
  • 47. 23 <ul><li>Scientists think that ____________________ cells evolved about 1.5 billion years ago. </li></ul>
  • 48. eukaryotic
  • 49. 24 <ul><li>A phospholipid is a molecule with a(n) ____________________ head. </li></ul>
  • 50. polar
  • 51. 25 <ul><li>Rough endoplasmic reticulum has ____________________ embedded on its surface. </li></ul>
  • 52. ribosomes
  • 53. 26 <ul><li>The ultimate source of energy for all life on Earth is the ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 54. Sun
  • 55. 27 <ul><li>Organisms that harvest energy from sunlight or inorganic substances in order to make food molecules are called ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 56. autotrophs
  • 57. 28 <ul><li>When a phosphate group is removed from an ATP molecule, energy is ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 58. released
  • 59. 29 <ul><li>The electron transport chain produces molecules that temporarily store ____________________ in the cell. </li></ul>
  • 60. energy
  • 61. 30 <ul><li>The transfer of carbon dioxide to organic compounds is called carbon dioxide ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 62. fixation
  • 63. 31 <ul><li>Electrons that provide the energy for the production of most of a cell’s ATP are carried to the electron transport chain by ____________________ and ____________________ molecules. </li></ul>
  • 64. NADH, FADH2
  • 65. 32 <ul><li>Hydrogen ions combine with electrons and oxygen forming ____________________ at the end of the electron transport chain. </li></ul>
  • 66. water
  • 67. 33 <ul><li>____________________ ____________________ is the process by which bacteria split asexually into two identical organisms. </li></ul>
  • 68. Binary fission
  • 69. 34 <ul><li>The DNA in eukaryotic cells is packaged into structures that are called ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 70. chromosomes
  • 71. 35 <ul><li>In humans, the genotype XX results in a ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 72. female
  • 73. 36 <ul><li>Somatic cells containing two sets of 23 chromosomes are always ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 74. diploid
  • 75. 37 <ul><li>The sequence of events that occurs in a cell from one mitotic division to the next is called the ____________________ ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 76. cell cycle
  • 77. 38 <ul><li>The cell cycle is controlled in eukaryotes at three principal ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 78. checkpoints
  • 79. 39 <ul><li>“ Cables” made of microtubules that extend from the poles of a cell to the centromeres during cell division are called ____________________ ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 80. spindle fibers
  • 81. 40 <ul><li>Chromosomes coil up and become visible during ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 82. prophase
  • 83. 41 <ul><li>After a new nuclear membrane forms during telophase of mitosis or meiosis, the ____________________ divides, resulting in two cells. </li></ul>
  • 84. cytoplasm
  • 85. 42 <ul><li>The four haploid cells formed in the male at the end of meiosis II develop a tail and are called ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 86. sperm
  • 87. 43 <ul><li>A spore is a haploid reproductive cell produced by ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 88. meiosis
  • 89. 44 <ul><li>The diploid phase in the life cycle of plants is called the ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 90. sporophyte
  • 91. 45 <ul><li>The patterns that Mendel discovered form the basis of ____________________, the branch of biology that deals with heredity. </li></ul>
  • 92. genetics
  • 93. 46 <ul><li>A(n) ____________________ cross is a cross that involves one pair of contrasting traits. </li></ul>
  • 94. monohybrid
  • 95. 47 <ul><li>Different forms of a particular gene are called ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 96. alleles
  • 97. 48 <ul><li>The external appearance of an organism is its ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 98. phenotype
  • 99. 49 <ul><li>In pea plants, tallness ( T ) is dominant to shortness ( t ). Crosses between plants with these traits can be analyzed using a Punnett square similar to the one shown below. </li></ul><ul><li>TtT12t34 </li></ul><ul><li>49. Refer to the illustration on the board. Box 2 and box ____________________ in the Punnett square represent plants that would be heterozygous for the trait for tallness. </li></ul>
  • 100. 3
  • 101. 50 <ul><li>Identifying patterns of inheritance within a family over several generations is possible by studying a diagram called a(n) ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 102. pedigree
  • 103. 51 <ul><li>A genetic disorder resulting in defective blood clotting is ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 104. hemophilia
  • 105. 52 <ul><li>Viruses that infect bacteria are called ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 106. bacteriophages
  • 107. 53 <ul><li>Due to the strict pairing of nitrogen bases in DNA molecules, the two strands are said to be ____________________ to each other. </li></ul>
  • 108. complementary
  • 109. 54 <ul><li>The circular DNA molecules in prokaryotes usually contain ____________________ replication forks during replication, while linear eukaryotic DNA contains many more. </li></ul>
  • 110. two
  • 111. 55 <ul><li>The process by which a foreign gene is replicated by insertion into a bacterium is called ____________________ ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 112. gene cloning
  • 113. 56 <ul><li>A large number of genetically identical cells grown from a single cell are called ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 114. clones
  • 115. 57 <ul><li>Transferring normal human genes into human cells that lack them is called ____________________ ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 116. gene therapy
  • 117. 58 <ul><li>Crop plants have recently been developed that are resistant to the chemical ____________________, a powerful weedkiller. </li></ul>
  • 118. glyphosate
  • 119. 59 <ul><li>Biologists have introduced extra copies of the genes that code for ____________________ ____________________ into the chromosomes of cows and hogs to create leaner, faster-growing animals. </li></ul>
  • 120. growth hormone
  • 121. 60 <ul><li>The study of radioactive decay in rocks indicates that the Earth is about ____________________ years old. </li></ul>
  • 122. 4.5 billion
  • 123. 61 <ul><li>By determining the number of half-lives that have passed since the formation of a rock containing radioisotopes and their stable daughter elements, scientists are able to determine the approximate ____________________ of the rock. </li></ul>
  • 124. age
  • 125. 62 <ul><li>Cyanobacteria produced the ____________________ that is now present in our atmosphere. </li></ul>
  • 126. oxygen
  • 127. 63 <ul><li>Both mitochondria and chloroplasts have their own ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 128. DNA
  • 129. 64 <ul><li>Having more than one cell is known as ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 130. multicellularity
  • 131. 65 <ul><li>The three atoms shown in the diagram make up a molecule of _________________. </li></ul>
  • 132. ozone
  • 133. 66 <ul><li>Flying insects carry ____________________ from a flowering plant to other flowers of the same species. </li></ul>
  • 134. pollen
  • 135. 67 <ul><li>Insects developed important relationships with ____________________ plants. </li></ul>
  • 136. flowering
  • 137. 68 <ul><li>The first vertebrates on land were ____________________. </li></ul>
  • 138. amphibians
  • 139. <ul><li>All questions from the test bank on the Holt, Rinehart and Winston CD-ROM, Teachers Resource. 2001 </li></ul>

×