The Maths Vocabulary Pack


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Help your children to learn the meaning of a wide range of maths vocabulary with our enormous resource pack! Includes posters, activity sheets and lots of other resources to ensure that your children know what each word means.

Download this pack, and lots of other high quality teaching resource packs, from

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The Maths Vocabulary Pack

  1. 1. © By Mark and Helen acute data increase discount tenth prime cuboid monthsfactor millilitre inverse digit median million
  2. 2. © Scales are used to measure the mass of different items. We can use a measuring cylinder to measure amounts of liquid. Rulers and tape measures are used to measure length. We also use rulers to draw straight lines. Clocks and stopwatches are used to tell and measure the time. An abacus has sets of 10 beads on rods. It is used for counting and other calculations. A calculator can work out calculations quickly. Make sure that you press the right keys and check the answers against your estimate! Maths Equipment A thermometer is used to measure the temperature. Protractors are used for measuring and drawing angles. Images: © ThinkStock Can you think of any other equpiment that you might use in Maths?
  3. 3. Place Value Place value tells us how much each digit is worth in a number. © M 100 Th 10 Th Th H T U Millions Hundreds of Thousands Tens of Thousands Thousands Hundreds Tens Units 1, 6 5 9, 0 2 3 If you are not sure what a number is, write the headings above each digit to help you. This number has seven digits.
  4. 4. Square Numbers When a number has been multiplied by itself, we say that the answer is a square number. Can you see why they are called square? The first ten square numbers are 1, 4, 9, 16, 25, 36, 49, 64, 81 and 100. We can write four squared as 4 x 4 or 42. © 1 x 1 = 1 2 x 2 = 4 3 x 3 = 9 4 x 4 = 16 5 x 5 = 25 A square root is the opposite of a square number. If 4 x 4 = 16, the square root of 16 is 4. We use the square root sign (√) to show this, so √16 = 4
  5. 5. Addition Addition is counting up or finding the total of some numbers. Here are some more words that are linked to addition: add more plus increase total sum altogether © 5 6 7 8 9 100 1 2 3 4 5 + 3 = 8 We can use a number line to help us count on. ++ + + The addition sign
  6. 6. Fractions Fractions show us how much of something we have. The parts of a fraction have special names: © 5 8 We have 5 pieces of the chocolate bar left. There were 8 pieces altogether. Numerator Denominator The numerator tells us how many parts we have. The denominator tells us how many parts something was divided into. 3 4 = 2 5 = Images: © ThinkStock
  7. 7. Polygons A polygon is a shape with straight sides. If all of the sides are the same length, the shape is regular. If they are not the same length, it is irregular. © 3 equal sides Regular Triangle 4 equal sides Regular Quadrilateral 5 equal sides Regular Pentagon 7 equal sides Regular Heptagon 8 equal sides Regular Octagon 9 equal sides Regular Nonagon 10 equal sides Regular Decagon 6 equal sides Regular Hexagon
  8. 8. 3D Shapes 3D shapes have faces, vertices and edges. © Faces are the flat surfaces. A vertex is another word for corner. The plural is vertices. Edges are where the two faces meet.
  9. 9. Analogue Clocks The longer hand on a clock tells us the minutes. The shorter hand tells us the hours. © ClockwiseAnticlockwise o’clock five past ten past quarter past twenty past twenty-five pasthalf past twenty-five to twenty to quarter to ten to five to Midday 12 o’clock in the middle of the day (or noon). Midnight 12 o’clock at night. What time does this clock show? Which way do the hands of a clock go round? Photo: © ThinkStock
  10. 10. Temperature Temperature is a measure of how hot or cold something is. We measure temperature using a thermometer. We usually measure temperature in ºC (degrees Celsius) but it can also be measured in ºF (degrees Fahrenheit). Did you know? Water freezes at 0ºC and it boils at 100ºC. © Photo: © ThinkStock
  11. 11. Pie Chart Pie charts are used to compare information. A pie chart looks like a pie that is split into slices. In this survey, 16 people chose their favourite sport. The pie is split into 16 sections and the sections are coloured to show the results. Look at the pie chart to compare the results. Which was the most popular sport? Which was the least popular? © Tennis 3 Basketball 2 Football 7 Netball 3 Cricket 1 Our Favourite Sports Cricket Tennis Basketball Netball Football
  12. 12. Can you explain what these words mean? Write a definition or give an example... Recurring Decimal Parallel Capacity Probability Decagon Leap Year Scalene Triangle Equivalent Fraction Proportion Reflex Angle©
  13. 13. Operations add addition altogether array calculate calculation decrease©
  14. 14. deduct descend descending order difference divide divided by divisibility tests division©
  15. 15. double each fewer groups of increase leave less long division©
  16. 16. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Across 7. The two opposite faces on a __________ are always the same size and shape. 9. Shapes with straight sides are called __________. 10. 3D shapes have faces, vertices and __________. 11. The __________ of a 3D shape is what is looks like when it is opened out flat. 13. Half of a circle is called a __________. 15. __________ triangles have two equal sides and two equal angles. 16. __________ lines are the same distance apart, all the way along their length. Down 1. There are 360 degrees in a full __________. 2. North, South, East and West are __________ directions. 3. Horizontal lines are parallel to the __________. 4. __________ are a way to tile a floor with shapes, with no overlaps and no gaps. 5. __________ are letters or numbers that help us to find the position of something. 6. Lines that are at right angles to each other are __________. 8. If a diagonal line cuts a shape exactly in half, we say that it __________ the shape. 12. A pyramid has a flat base and faces that slope inwards to form a __________ at the top. 14. The flat surfaces on 3D shapes are called __________. Images: © ThinkStock© Shape and Space
  17. 17. Data Handling c a r r o l l d i a g r a m v i u c u o o p n o x o g x a o b m d h b f o w j b t j p l i j a e m t w f b s d y p s s g i t r i x e g b h o a z w p l d m n j r g l h q e e o n p p y g s g h m r d y s z r z e u c w t k r c p i c t o g r a m q y a t y i h k j k j a v e r a g e k n y s j p r j r a k m i m p o s s i b l e b a r c h a r t r i f j c l f f u o l u p r o b a b i l i t y z x m n q m v r a b v m h g n f m h u g v r a t i o o u v x w e x o g v e n n d i a g r a m s d t g y d z e t q a e r k j e r a n d o m e u a i v y h s n b f n p l b n r b r b c l x a l k j h g b j o i j f f o b d e z z i n t r a n g e t m p m a k k z k f d u s l r f y h o e m h f r r g s b d b b t p j r p m w y n r u y s e t m m j t x o k z p r o p o r t i o n g s d d q f n r a x i s d e v o y f r e q u e n c y t average median mode axis graph pie chart y axis carroll diagram venn diagram probability data impossible frequency proportion ratio bar chart pictogram range random mean© average axis bar chart carroll diagram data frequency graph impossible mean median mode pictogram pie chart probability proportion random range ratio venn diagram y axis
  18. 18. Thank you for looking at this preview of our Maths Vocabulary Pack. You can download the full pack from Helen and Mark