Reading comprehension strategies97

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  • 1. Reading Comprehension Strategies
  • 2. Purposes of Reading Comprehension Strategies
    • To enhance understanding of the information in the book
    • To improve how information is related to each other
    • To improve attention and concentration while reading
    • To promote critical thinking, evaluation of reading material
    • To enhance your memory
  • 3. Advantages of Reading Comprehension Strategies
    • Students who have read and understood their reading assignments are better prepared for class, leading to better participation and keep complete and accurate notes
    • Performance on exams and quizzes may be greatly improved
    • Once gaining proficiency, you will gain in confidence
  • 4. Reading a Standardize Test
    • When reading a standardized test you should do the following:
      • Underline any bold or key words
      • Number the main ideas and key points in the story
  • 5. Continued Standardized Test
    • You should do the following:
      • One should work quickly
      • The easier ones are usually first, so don’t skip them
      • Don’t skip questions after reading passage
      • Don’t add ones interpretations and facts to the passage in order to answer the questions
      • The answers should be based on the information and not personal opinion
  • 6. Reading Foreign Language Material
    • Use a foreign language dictionary to translate unfamiliar words or sites like
    • Compile a list of new words and their translations
    • Add to the list as you go so that you don’t waste a lot of time looking up words
    • Use context clues to guess the meaning of words
  • 7. Staying Alert While Reading
    • The following tips allow a student to staff more awake while reading:
      • Select an appropriate place to read
      • Eliminate all external distractions
      • Get motivated and develop and interest in the subject matter
      • Get an adequate amount of sleep
      • Work for short intervals of time and take breaks
      • Mix up your assignments or subjects to avoid boredom
      • Reward yourself for completing each assignment
  • 8. Writing Summaries Helps You Remember What You Read
    • Write summaries allows you to reduce the amount of information needed to remember
    • The following are four rules to summary writing:
      • Create a collapse list - If you see a list of things try and think of a word or phrase for the whole name of the list. For example, if you saw a list of ears, eyes, nose, hair, arms you may say body parts instead
  • 9. Reading Comprehension
    • Writing Summaries continued…
      • Use topic sentences - Often authors use topic sentences that summarize a whole paragraph in the first and last lines of a paragraph
      • Get rid of unnecessary details - Some information is repeated in a book, eliminate it
      • Collapse paragraphs - Some paragraphs just refer to previously stated information and can be eliminated
  • 10. Reading Comprehension
    • Strategies for creating interest in a subject
      • Make the reading more novel by role playing or pretending to be the teacher
      • Mix in the reading assignments with other sources within that subject area: books, magazines, journals, newspapers, Internet blogs, websites
      • Consider how relevant the readings are to your life
      • Personalize the reading by linking it to your own beliefs
      • Use the information by thinking, writing and talking about it
      • Apply it by making connections between the readings and the lectures
      • Work with other students reviewing information and reading assignments
  • 11. Reading Comprehension
    • Improving your concentration when you read:
      • Use an index card to move line by line through the text
      • Eliminate all distractions, computer, iPod, TV, radio, or too hot or cold
      • Get a good nights rest and eat a balanced diet
      • Avoid being distracted by other assignments and make a list of assignment to do right after reading
  • 12. Reading Comprehension
    • Improving Concentration continued…
      • Understand the purpose, instructions and expectations of the reading task
      • Reward yourself if you are productive
      • Read for 20-30 minutes , take a break, and then read for another 20-30 minutes
      • Take notes while you read
      • Read aloud to yourself
  • 13. Reading Comprehension
    • Improving your motivation to read:
      • Be task oriented-Understand the purpose, instructions and expectations of a reading assignment
      • Consider goals-A completion of reading assignment could be a short term goal which helps you attain a long-term goal of graduation
      • Work with others by developing a support system
      • Relate how the reading relates to your life
  • 14. Reading Comprehension
    • General Approach to a Unknown Word
      • Try and pronounce the unfamiliar word aloud and then listen for anything familiar that may trigger your memory
      • Read and reread the sentence to see if the words around it can help with the meaning g
      • Try and break word down i.e... Prefixes, suffixes. root words
      • Use a dictionary and make a small note in the margin next to the word
      • Skip the word if you don’t become confused
  • 15. Reading Comprehension
  • 16. Reading Comprehension
    • I magine a picture of a word and meaning
    • N ote- Make a sound-alike word
    • C onnect the terms by making a short story about it
    • S elf-test by asking yourself the vocabulary words and their meaning
  • 17. Reading Comprehension
      • When reading a textbook a student should understand how most textbooks are organized:
      • First, the title is listed above a reading in order to peek a student’s interest
      • Second, an introduction indicates the general purpose of the reading and hints at the main ideas
      • Third, the chapter headings organize the material for the student
  • 18. Reading Comprehension
    • Illustrations further tell the reading what the main points are
    • Summary recaps what the reading was about
    • The objectives are listed on the first page of the chapter explaining the purpose of the reading
    • Vocabulary lists are found at the end of the chapter and summarize important terms
  • 19. Reading Comprehension
    • Review questions at the end of the chapter tests you so that you remember the actual content
    • End of chapter discussion questions allow a student to link new information with old information that contains prior knowledge
  • 20. Reading Comprehension
      • Creative Mapping Strategy
    • This strategy helps you as a student to recognize how information is organized and linked together
    • Steps to Creative Mapping
      • Read the text and list the main ideas and details
      • Develop a visual image/picture of the main ideas
        • Choose images that indicate an author’s main idea
        • The overall image has to relate the purpose of the writer
        • Connect the details to the main ideas and purpose of the writer
  • 21. Reading Comprehension
  • 22. Reading Comprehension
    • RAP Strategy
    • Targets the main idea and details when you read
      • R ead one paragraph at a time
      • A sk yourself what the main idea is
      • P araphrase- The information is written in the margins in your own words or use pictures to represent information
  • 23. Reading Comprehension
    • REAP Strategy
    • R ead the text
    • E ncode- After reading the textbook, put the information in your own words
    • A nnotate- write a brief summary that explains or critique the textbook
    • P onder- As a student, you need to consider how the text relates to past readings or classroom activities
  • 24. Reading Comprehension
    • PRSR Strategy
    • P review- Read the title and introduction. What do you know about the subject?
    • R ead –Make questions from the chapter headings, then read, and try and answer the questions
    • S elf-test- Answer self-made questions, as well as, discussion questions at the end of chapter
    • R eview-Check answers to review questions against the text
  • 25. Reading Comprehension
    • Story Star
    • Asks the questions:
  • 26. Reading Comprehension
    • Gleaning Strategy
    • Read the Textbook
    • Identify the Main Ideas of the Assignment
    • Represent the main ideas using symbols, shorthand and abbreviations
    • Record the information in note cards
    • Review information using complete sentences