Reading comprehension strategies97


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Reading comprehension strategies97

  1. 1. Reading Comprehension Strategies
  2. 2. Purposes of Reading Comprehension Strategies <ul><li>To enhance understanding of the information in the book </li></ul><ul><li>To improve how information is related to each other </li></ul><ul><li>To improve attention and concentration while reading </li></ul><ul><li>To promote critical thinking, evaluation of reading material </li></ul><ul><li>To enhance your memory </li></ul>
  3. 3. Advantages of Reading Comprehension Strategies <ul><li>Students who have read and understood their reading assignments are better prepared for class, leading to better participation and keep complete and accurate notes </li></ul><ul><li>Performance on exams and quizzes may be greatly improved </li></ul><ul><li>Once gaining proficiency, you will gain in confidence </li></ul>
  4. 4. Reading a Standardize Test <ul><li>When reading a standardized test you should do the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Underline any bold or key words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number the main ideas and key points in the story </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Continued Standardized Test <ul><li>You should do the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One should work quickly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The easier ones are usually first, so don’t skip them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t skip questions after reading passage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t add ones interpretations and facts to the passage in order to answer the questions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The answers should be based on the information and not personal opinion </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Reading Foreign Language Material <ul><li>Use a foreign language dictionary to translate unfamiliar words or sites like </li></ul><ul><li>Compile a list of new words and their translations </li></ul><ul><li>Add to the list as you go so that you don’t waste a lot of time looking up words </li></ul><ul><li>Use context clues to guess the meaning of words </li></ul>
  7. 7. Staying Alert While Reading <ul><li>The following tips allow a student to staff more awake while reading: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Select an appropriate place to read </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminate all external distractions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get motivated and develop and interest in the subject matter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get an adequate amount of sleep </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work for short intervals of time and take breaks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mix up your assignments or subjects to avoid boredom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reward yourself for completing each assignment </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Writing Summaries Helps You Remember What You Read <ul><li>Write summaries allows you to reduce the amount of information needed to remember </li></ul><ul><li>The following are four rules to summary writing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a collapse list - If you see a list of things try and think of a word or phrase for the whole name of the list. For example, if you saw a list of ears, eyes, nose, hair, arms you may say body parts instead </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Reading Comprehension <ul><li>Writing Summaries continued… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use topic sentences - Often authors use topic sentences that summarize a whole paragraph in the first and last lines of a paragraph </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get rid of unnecessary details - Some information is repeated in a book, eliminate it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collapse paragraphs - Some paragraphs just refer to previously stated information and can be eliminated </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Reading Comprehension <ul><li>Strategies for creating interest in a subject </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make the reading more novel by role playing or pretending to be the teacher </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mix in the reading assignments with other sources within that subject area: books, magazines, journals, newspapers, Internet blogs, websites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider how relevant the readings are to your life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personalize the reading by linking it to your own beliefs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the information by thinking, writing and talking about it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apply it by making connections between the readings and the lectures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work with other students reviewing information and reading assignments </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Reading Comprehension <ul><li>Improving your concentration when you read: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use an index card to move line by line through the text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminate all distractions, computer, iPod, TV, radio, or too hot or cold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get a good nights rest and eat a balanced diet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid being distracted by other assignments and make a list of assignment to do right after reading </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Reading Comprehension <ul><li>Improving Concentration continued… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand the purpose, instructions and expectations of the reading task </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reward yourself if you are productive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Read for 20-30 minutes , take a break, and then read for another 20-30 minutes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take notes while you read </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Read aloud to yourself </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Reading Comprehension <ul><li>Improving your motivation to read: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be task oriented-Understand the purpose, instructions and expectations of a reading assignment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider goals-A completion of reading assignment could be a short term goal which helps you attain a long-term goal of graduation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work with others by developing a support system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relate how the reading relates to your life </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Reading Comprehension <ul><li>General Approach to a Unknown Word </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Try and pronounce the unfamiliar word aloud and then listen for anything familiar that may trigger your memory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Read and reread the sentence to see if the words around it can help with the meaning g </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Try and break word down i.e... Prefixes, suffixes. root words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use a dictionary and make a small note in the margin next to the word </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skip the word if you don’t become confused </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Reading Comprehension
  16. 16. Reading Comprehension <ul><li>I magine a picture of a word and meaning </li></ul><ul><li>N ote- Make a sound-alike word </li></ul><ul><li>C onnect the terms by making a short story about it </li></ul><ul><li>S elf-test by asking yourself the vocabulary words and their meaning </li></ul>
  17. 17. Reading Comprehension <ul><ul><li>When reading a textbook a student should understand how most textbooks are organized: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First, the title is listed above a reading in order to peek a student’s interest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second, an introduction indicates the general purpose of the reading and hints at the main ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Third, the chapter headings organize the material for the student </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Reading Comprehension <ul><li>Illustrations further tell the reading what the main points are </li></ul><ul><li>Summary recaps what the reading was about </li></ul><ul><li>The objectives are listed on the first page of the chapter explaining the purpose of the reading </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary lists are found at the end of the chapter and summarize important terms </li></ul>
  19. 19. Reading Comprehension <ul><li>Review questions at the end of the chapter tests you so that you remember the actual content </li></ul><ul><li>End of chapter discussion questions allow a student to link new information with old information that contains prior knowledge </li></ul>
  20. 20. Reading Comprehension <ul><ul><li>Creative Mapping Strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This strategy helps you as a student to recognize how information is organized and linked together </li></ul><ul><li>Steps to Creative Mapping </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Read the text and list the main ideas and details </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop a visual image/picture of the main ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Choose images that indicate an author’s main idea </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The overall image has to relate the purpose of the writer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Connect the details to the main ideas and purpose of the writer </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Reading Comprehension
  22. 22. Reading Comprehension <ul><li>RAP Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Targets the main idea and details when you read </li></ul><ul><ul><li>R ead one paragraph at a time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A sk yourself what the main idea is </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>P araphrase- The information is written in the margins in your own words or use pictures to represent information </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Reading Comprehension <ul><li>REAP Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>R ead the text </li></ul><ul><li>E ncode- After reading the textbook, put the information in your own words </li></ul><ul><li>A nnotate- write a brief summary that explains or critique the textbook </li></ul><ul><li>P onder- As a student, you need to consider how the text relates to past readings or classroom activities </li></ul>
  24. 24. Reading Comprehension <ul><li>PRSR Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>P review- Read the title and introduction. What do you know about the subject? </li></ul><ul><li>R ead –Make questions from the chapter headings, then read, and try and answer the questions </li></ul><ul><li>S elf-test- Answer self-made questions, as well as, discussion questions at the end of chapter </li></ul><ul><li>R eview-Check answers to review questions against the text </li></ul>
  25. 25. Reading Comprehension <ul><li>Story Star </li></ul><ul><li>Asks the questions: </li></ul>
  26. 26. Reading Comprehension <ul><li>Gleaning Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Read the Textbook </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the Main Ideas of the Assignment </li></ul><ul><li>Represent the main ideas using symbols, shorthand and abbreviations </li></ul><ul><li>Record the information in note cards </li></ul><ul><li>Review information using complete sentences </li></ul>