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Reading comprehension strategies97
 

Reading comprehension strategies97

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    Reading comprehension strategies97 Reading comprehension strategies97 Presentation Transcript

    • Reading Comprehension Strategies
    • Purposes of Reading Comprehension Strategies
      • To enhance understanding of the information in the book
      • To improve how information is related to each other
      • To improve attention and concentration while reading
      • To promote critical thinking, evaluation of reading material
      • To enhance your memory
    • Advantages of Reading Comprehension Strategies
      • Students who have read and understood their reading assignments are better prepared for class, leading to better participation and keep complete and accurate notes
      • Performance on exams and quizzes may be greatly improved
      • Once gaining proficiency, you will gain in confidence
    • Reading a Standardize Test
      • When reading a standardized test you should do the following:
        • Underline any bold or key words
        • Number the main ideas and key points in the story
    • Continued Standardized Test
      • You should do the following:
        • One should work quickly
        • The easier ones are usually first, so don’t skip them
        • Don’t skip questions after reading passage
        • Don’t add ones interpretations and facts to the passage in order to answer the questions
        • The answers should be based on the information and not personal opinion
    • Reading Foreign Language Material
      • Use a foreign language dictionary to translate unfamiliar words or sites like www.babelfish.com
      • Compile a list of new words and their translations
      • Add to the list as you go so that you don’t waste a lot of time looking up words
      • Use context clues to guess the meaning of words
    • Staying Alert While Reading
      • The following tips allow a student to staff more awake while reading:
        • Select an appropriate place to read
        • Eliminate all external distractions
        • Get motivated and develop and interest in the subject matter
        • Get an adequate amount of sleep
        • Work for short intervals of time and take breaks
        • Mix up your assignments or subjects to avoid boredom
        • Reward yourself for completing each assignment
    • Writing Summaries Helps You Remember What You Read
      • Write summaries allows you to reduce the amount of information needed to remember
      • The following are four rules to summary writing:
        • Create a collapse list - If you see a list of things try and think of a word or phrase for the whole name of the list. For example, if you saw a list of ears, eyes, nose, hair, arms you may say body parts instead
    • Reading Comprehension
      • Writing Summaries continued…
        • Use topic sentences - Often authors use topic sentences that summarize a whole paragraph in the first and last lines of a paragraph
        • Get rid of unnecessary details - Some information is repeated in a book, eliminate it
        • Collapse paragraphs - Some paragraphs just refer to previously stated information and can be eliminated
    • Reading Comprehension
      • Strategies for creating interest in a subject
        • Make the reading more novel by role playing or pretending to be the teacher
        • Mix in the reading assignments with other sources within that subject area: books, magazines, journals, newspapers, Internet blogs, websites
        • Consider how relevant the readings are to your life
        • Personalize the reading by linking it to your own beliefs
        • Use the information by thinking, writing and talking about it
        • Apply it by making connections between the readings and the lectures
        • Work with other students reviewing information and reading assignments
    • Reading Comprehension
      • Improving your concentration when you read:
        • Use an index card to move line by line through the text
        • Eliminate all distractions, computer, iPod, TV, radio, or too hot or cold
        • Get a good nights rest and eat a balanced diet
        • Avoid being distracted by other assignments and make a list of assignment to do right after reading
    • Reading Comprehension
      • Improving Concentration continued…
        • Understand the purpose, instructions and expectations of the reading task
        • Reward yourself if you are productive
        • Read for 20-30 minutes , take a break, and then read for another 20-30 minutes
        • Take notes while you read
        • Read aloud to yourself
    • Reading Comprehension
      • Improving your motivation to read:
        • Be task oriented-Understand the purpose, instructions and expectations of a reading assignment
        • Consider goals-A completion of reading assignment could be a short term goal which helps you attain a long-term goal of graduation
        • Work with others by developing a support system
        • Relate how the reading relates to your life
    • Reading Comprehension
      • General Approach to a Unknown Word
        • Try and pronounce the unfamiliar word aloud and then listen for anything familiar that may trigger your memory
        • Read and reread the sentence to see if the words around it can help with the meaning g
        • Try and break word down i.e... Prefixes, suffixes. root words
        • Use a dictionary and make a small note in the margin next to the word
        • Skip the word if you don’t become confused
    • Reading Comprehension
    • Reading Comprehension
      • I magine a picture of a word and meaning
      • N ote- Make a sound-alike word
      • C onnect the terms by making a short story about it
      • S elf-test by asking yourself the vocabulary words and their meaning
    • Reading Comprehension
        • When reading a textbook a student should understand how most textbooks are organized:
        • First, the title is listed above a reading in order to peek a student’s interest
        • Second, an introduction indicates the general purpose of the reading and hints at the main ideas
        • Third, the chapter headings organize the material for the student
    • Reading Comprehension
      • Illustrations further tell the reading what the main points are
      • Summary recaps what the reading was about
      • The objectives are listed on the first page of the chapter explaining the purpose of the reading
      • Vocabulary lists are found at the end of the chapter and summarize important terms
    • Reading Comprehension
      • Review questions at the end of the chapter tests you so that you remember the actual content
      • End of chapter discussion questions allow a student to link new information with old information that contains prior knowledge
    • Reading Comprehension
        • Creative Mapping Strategy
      • This strategy helps you as a student to recognize how information is organized and linked together
      • Steps to Creative Mapping
        • Read the text and list the main ideas and details
        • Develop a visual image/picture of the main ideas
          • Choose images that indicate an author’s main idea
          • The overall image has to relate the purpose of the writer
          • Connect the details to the main ideas and purpose of the writer
    • Reading Comprehension
    • Reading Comprehension
      • RAP Strategy
      • Targets the main idea and details when you read
        • R ead one paragraph at a time
        • A sk yourself what the main idea is
        • P araphrase- The information is written in the margins in your own words or use pictures to represent information
    • Reading Comprehension
      • REAP Strategy
      • R ead the text
      • E ncode- After reading the textbook, put the information in your own words
      • A nnotate- write a brief summary that explains or critique the textbook
      • P onder- As a student, you need to consider how the text relates to past readings or classroom activities
    • Reading Comprehension
      • PRSR Strategy
      • P review- Read the title and introduction. What do you know about the subject?
      • R ead –Make questions from the chapter headings, then read, and try and answer the questions
      • S elf-test- Answer self-made questions, as well as, discussion questions at the end of chapter
      • R eview-Check answers to review questions against the text
    • Reading Comprehension
      • Story Star
      • Asks the questions:
    • Reading Comprehension
      • Gleaning Strategy
      • Read the Textbook
      • Identify the Main Ideas of the Assignment
      • Represent the main ideas using symbols, shorthand and abbreviations
      • Record the information in note cards
      • Review information using complete sentences