Subject – verb agreement

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Subject – verb agreement

  1. 1. 10 Rules in Making Subjects and Verbs Agree
  2. 2. What is a greement ? <ul><li>(in grammar) “likeness” </li></ul><ul><li>Agree in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Number </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Case </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Agreement also means… <ul><li>Harmony </li></ul><ul><li>Unity </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>… and not </li></ul><ul><li>Chaos </li></ul><ul><li>Discord </li></ul><ul><li>disarray </li></ul>
  4. 4. Rule #1: <ul><li>A verb agrees with its subject in number </li></ul><ul><li>singular S + singular V </li></ul><ul><li>plural S + plural V </li></ul>
  5. 5. Rule #2: <ul><li>The pronouns I and you always need the plural form of the verb </li></ul>
  6. 6. Rule #3: <ul><li>Prepositional phrases do NOT affect the number of the verb </li></ul>
  7. 7. Rule #4: <ul><li>A verb agrees with its subject, NOT the noun(s) placed between S and V </li></ul>
  8. 8. Rule #5: <ul><li>a) Compound subjects joined by and need a plural verb </li></ul><ul><li>b) If they refer to the same thing/ person, it takes a singular verb </li></ul>
  9. 9. Rule #6: <ul><li>Indefinite pronouns are singular; they take the singular form of the verb </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of indefinite pronouns </li></ul>
  10. 10. Rule #7: <ul><li>For compound subjects joined by either-or and neither-nor , the verb agrees with the nearest subject </li></ul>
  11. 11. Rule #8: <ul><li>For fractions: </li></ul><ul><li>The verb agrees with the noun in the prepositional phrase </li></ul><ul><li>For mass nouns, use singular verbs </li></ul>
  12. 12. Rule #9: <ul><li>Use singular verbs for nouns of quantity, distance, time and amount </li></ul>
  13. 13. Rule #10: <ul><li>For collective nouns: </li></ul><ul><li>One unit = use singular verb </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals in a group = use plural verb </li></ul>

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