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Verbal tenses

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  • 1. REVIEW OF VERBS TENSES – P.12TEACHER REGINA
  • 2. SIMPLE PRESENTO “Simple Present”, ou, presente simples noportuguês, é usado para se referir a coisasfeitas no dia a dia, coisas que você gosta ounão, ou apenas para constatar fatos…
  • 3. I hate okra.(Eu odeio quiabo.)I study English on Tuesdays andThursdays.(Eu estudo Inglês nas terças e quintas-feiras.)
  • 4. Para os pronomes I, You, We e Theydevemos usar o verbo na forma infinitivajunto ao sujeito.Já para a terceira pessoa do singular, He,She, It, devemos acrescentar um “s” nofinal e pronto!
  • 5. TO WORK - Affirmative formI WORK.YOU WORK.HE WORKS.SHE WORKS.IT WORKS.WE WORK.YOU WORK.THEY WORK.
  • 6. To work – negative formI DON’T WORK.YOU DON’T WORK.HE DOESN’T WORK.SHE DOESN’T WORK.IT DOESN’T WORK.WE DON’T WORK.YOU DON’T WORK.THEY DON’T WORK.
  • 7. TO WORK – INTERROGATIVE FORMDO I WORK?DO YOU WORK?DOES HE WORK?DOES SHE WORK?DOES IT WORK?DO WE WORK?DO YOU WORK?DO THEY WORK?
  • 8. COMO TRANSFORMAR O VERBO NA 3ªPESSOA DO SINGULAR: HE/SHE/IT?Regra geralAcrescenta-se -s ao verbo:Work – he works (ele trabalha)Sleep – he sleeps (ele dorme)Live – he lives (ele mora, vive)
  • 9. Regra 1Aos verbos terminados em -o, -ss, -sh,-ch, -x , -z, acrescenta-se -ES:Go – he goes (ele vai)Kiss – he kisses (ele beija)Wash – he washes (ele lava)Watch – he watches (ele assiste)Fix – he fixes (ele conserta)Buzz – it buzzes (ele zumbe)
  • 10. Regra 2Aos verbos terminados em consoante + y,elimina-se o y e acrescenta-se -IES.STUDY – He studies. (Ele estuda.)CRY – He cries. (Ele chora.)
  • 11. SHORT ANSWERS(RESPOSTAS CURTAS)DO THEY PLAY BASKETBALL?YES, THEY DO.NO, THEY DON’T.DOES MARY CLEAN THE HOUSE?YES, SHE DOES.NO, SHE DOESN’T.
  • 12. EXPRESSÕES QUE ACOMPANHAM OSIMPLE PRESENTALWAYS – sempreSOMETIMES – às vezesUSUALLY – geralmenteNEVER – nuncaOFTEN – frequentementeONCE A WEEK – uma vez por semanaON SUNDAY(S) – aos domingosEVERY DAY – todo diaAT 10 O’CLOCK – às 10 horas
  • 13. PRESENT CONTINUOUS•TEMPO VERBAL EMPREGADO PARAINDICAR AÇÕES EM DESENVOLVIMENTO.•É O GERÚNDIO EM PORTUGUÊS: -ANDO,-ENDO, -INDO.•EM INGLÊS, É O –ING.
  • 14. TO BE + VERBO PRINCIPAL + INGTO BE (SER/ ESTAR)I AM → I’M (Eu sou, estou)YOU ARE → YOU’RE (Você é, está)HE IS → HE’S (ele é, está)SHE IS → SHE’SIT IS → IT’SWE ARE → WE’RE (Nós somos, estamos)YOU ARE → YOU’RE (Vocês são, estão)THEY ARE → THEY’RE (Eles/Elas são, estão)
  • 15. We are listening to music.We’re listening to music.(Nós estamos ouvindo música.)We are not listening to music.We aren’t listening to music.Are we listening to music?Yes, we are. (Sim, nós estamos.)No, you aren’t. (Não, nós não estamos.)
  • 16. COMO ACRESCENTAR –ING AOVERBO?WORK – WORKINGLIVE – LIVINGBE- BEINGRUN – RUNNING (esquema CVCCONSOANTE, VOGAL, CONSOANTE, dobra-sea última consoante).DIE – DYING (morrendo)LIE – LYING (mentindo)
  • 17. Expressões que acompanham oPRESENT CONTINUOUSNOW – agoraAT THE MOMENT – no momentoRIGHT NOW – agora mesmo
  • 18. PAST CONTINUOUSINDICA AÇÃO EMDESENVOLVIMENTO NO PASSADO.
  • 19. To be + verbo + ingI was (eu estava)You were (você estava)He was (ele estava)She was (ela estava)It was (ele, ela estava)We were (nós estávamos)You were (vocês estavam)They were (eles, elas estavam)
  • 20. We were listening to music.(Nós estávamos ouvindo música.)We were not listening to music.We weren’t listening to music.Were we listening to music?Yes, we were.No, we weren’t.
  • 21. GOING TO (FUTURE)Expressar intenções ou planosfuturos e previsões.Falar sobre eventos ou situaçõesque acontecerão no futuro combase em evidências do presente.
  • 22. To be + going to + verboThe students are going to do a test tomorrow.(Os estudantes vão fazer um teste amanhã.)The students aren’t going to do a test tomorrow.Are the students going to do a test tomorrow?Yes, they are. (Sim, eles vão.)No, they aren’t. (Não, eles não vão.)
  • 23. IMPERATIVESO Imperative é usado para:• Expressar uma ordem.• Fazer pedidos.• Dar instruçoes.
  • 24. Imperativo afirmativoOpen that door, please.(Abra aquela porta, por favor.)Imperativo negativoDon’t call Jimmy now. He’s studying.(Não telefone para o Jimmy agora. Ele está estudando.)
  • 25. SIMPLE PAST
  • 26. REGULAR VERBSAos verbos regulares no passado, acrescenta-se –ED:Work – worked - workedLive – lived - livedPlay – played - playedStudy – studied - studiedStop – stopped - stopped (esquema CVC – consoante,vogal, consoante, dobra-se a última consoante)
  • 27. IRREGULAR VERBSConsultar lista de irregular verbs no final dolivro.Be – was/were – been – ser/estarCome – came – come - virDo – did – done – fazerGo – went – goneRead – read – read – lerWrite – wrote – written - escrever
  • 28. To work – Affirmative formI workedYou workedHe workedShe workedIt workedWe workedYou workedThey worked
  • 29. To work – Negative formI didn’t work. (Eu não trabalhei.)You didn’t work. (Você não trabalhou.)He didn’t work. (Ele não trabalhou.)She didn’t work.It didn’t work.We didn’t work.You didn’t work.They didn’t work.
  • 30. To work – Interrogative formDid I work?Did you work?Did he work?Did she work?Did it work?Did we work?Did you work?Did they work?
  • 31. The students studied for the test yesterday.(Os estudantes estudaram para o teste ontem.)The students didn’t study for the test yesterday.Did the students study for the test yesterday?Yes, they did. (Sim, eles estudaram.)No, they didn’t. (Não, eles não estudaram.)
  • 32. teachermerchan.blogspot.com.br