What is the subject matter in art? Art is made by persons aided by art materials, tools and skills and shaped by their creativity and imagination.
EGYPTIAN Ancient Egyptian art (5000 B.C. – 1000 B.C) Religion greatly affected their lives. Building of pyramids was fueled by religious fervor rather than architectural purposes.
Art in Ancient Egypt consists: Paintings Hieroglyphs Sculptures Bowls Vases Pottery Ivory carvings weapons
Greek Art 1000 B.C to 800 B.C The subject matter consisted of daily activities such as harvesting, weaving, baking, playing sports and performing religious processions. Perfected the art of making seals, gems, and coins. Mastered the art of sculpture – human figure depicted physical power, action and grace.
Roman Arts 100 B.C. – 500 A.D Borrowed from Greek art not only their art forms, but their gods and goddesses as well. Roman art forms were not religious like the Egyptians but were guided by the political, economic and social functions they served. They were interested in governance and politics made evident in their architecture, sculpture, engineering and law.
Medieval Art 500 – 1000 A.D Focus on the sole patron of the arts –the church. Artworks were done in painting or mosaic. The subject matter and theme was inspired by the life of Jesus Christ and the contents of the Holy Scripture.
Renaissance Art 1400 - 1600 Means rebirth Inspired by Greek artistic tradition but was more wordly. Subject Matter was focused on the human being. Art patrons had their portraits done. Focus on humanistic thought
Baroque Art 1600 - 1700 From barroco means “a pearl of irregular shape” Subject matter was landscapes, everyday scenes, events and experiences. Purpose was a personal expression for both the artists and the viewer.
Conversion of St. Paul on the road to Damascus
Neoclassicism 1750 - 1800 Expressed in the tradition of the Greek, Roman and Renaissance combined. The royal court was the primary patron of the arts. Subject Matter is nationalism and patriotism.
Romanticism 1800 - 1900 Era when the artists were always in search for free expression and personal feelings. The patrons were the public who generally brought changes in the social status of artists. They were no longer there to serve the church or the royal court.
Expressionism 1900 - 1945 Paid attention to the expression of intense feelings rather than to a description of the real and visible world. The artistic style included distortion of forms, bright mix colors and exaggerated application of paint on the canvas.