Elements

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Elements

  1. 1. Anything we hear produced by regular or irregular vibration. MUSICAL Sound produced by regular vibration. NOISE Sound produced by irregular vibration
  2. 2. ♫ ELEMENT OF MUSIC ♫ DURATION – length of time a tone last MELODY Succession of musical tones having different pitches and duration. PITCH – highness or lowness of tone
  3. 3. RHYTHM Pattern of time and accent in music BEAT Pulse in music Time Signature Number sign written at the beginning of each musical piece 2 4 3 4 4 4 DUPLE TRIPLE QUADRUPLE
  4. 4. TEXTURE Refers to a single or several layers of sound MONOPHONIC consisting of a single melodic line. POLYPHONIC a single melodic line with accompanimentHOMOPHONIC Music that contain two or more independent melodic lines. HARMONY Simultaneous combination of tones
  5. 5. ♫ TIMBRE ♫ the characteristic quality of sound produced by a particular instrument or voice; tone color. SOPRANO ALTO TENOR BASS STRING WOODWIND BRASSWIND PERCUSSION
  6. 6. FORM Structure of a composition STROPHIC THROUGH- COMPOSED music having different melody for each strophe or stanza music Having the same melody used for each strophe or stanza BINARY Music a structure consisting of two sections, each being played twice. AB A musical pieces that utilizes a three-part form. ABA TERNARY RONDO A musical composition built on the alternation of a principal recurring theme and contrasting episodes. ABACA
  7. 7. ♫ TEMPO ♫ RATE OF SPEED IN MUSIC; FAST AND SLOW IN MUSIC LOUDNESS AND SOFTNESS OF SOUND ANDANTE LARGO LENTO P mp pp ppp ♫ DYNAMICS ♫ ALLEGRO MODERATO f mf ff fff ACCELERANDO RITARDANDO

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