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22 introtosculpture.doc 22 introtosculpture.doc Document Transcript

  • ART Grade 1 Teaching Guide Unit 4: FOURTH QUARTER SCULPTURE AND MIXED MEDIA Lesson 22: Introduction to sculpture: Using Found Objects Lesson Summary Art History/ Connecting Art Production Creating Art Criticism/ Looking and Seeing Art Appreciation Appreciating Before cities, and fancy sculpture, Filipinos created art out of nature. They used wood and leaves to make houses, or clothes, or even as a place for planting rice. Sometimes things found in nature can be arranged in patterns to decorate the area outside of the house. Create sculptures using natural materials. Create a pattern out of nature objects Identify and recognize natural materials that can be used as sculptures. Some sculptures are big while some are small. Ask the students (oral or written): Describe the kind of natural sculptures do you see outside your house, or in the neighborhood? Nature’s sculptures change, just like nature itself. TIME ALLOTMENT: 2 sessions (80 minutes) OBJECTIVES The learner will: 1. Explore the artistic quality of natural forms. 2. Define the given art vocabulary. 3. Arrange natural objects into patterns. ART VOCABULARY ● Sculpture: Three-dimensional (or “3D”) models. They are not flat, like drawings and paintings. Sculpture is art that you can look at from all sides; the front, the side, and the back. ● Sculptor: A kind of artist who creates sculptures. ● Form: When something is three dimensional, it has form. ● Pattern: When an object or design is repeated. They can be the exact same object; or different objects that are arranged so that none of the objects will stand out. A one- month calendar has a pattern. The days of the week are different, but they are arranged a certain way. Saturday always comes after Friday, and Sunday always comes before Monday. Some fabric and wrapping paper have repeated patterns. ● Balance: In art, something has balance when it looks even. There are three kinds of balance: Elements and Principles 1. Form 2. Pattern 3. Balance Materials 1. Paper 2. Pencil 3. Crayons
  • ART Grade 1 Teaching Guide 4. Small stones, leaves, other natural materials. ○ If the students will bring leaves or flowers, remind them to bring only natural things that have dried, or fallen. Petals can be picked up from the ground. ○ You can also use seeds (cleaned and dried) or beans. ○ You may use sand or gravel also. 5. Cutouts of leaves, flowers, rocks, and trees. Photos from magazines may be helpful. Ideally, however, the teacher should draw an cut out her own organic shapes (to ensure a uniformity in the pattern) 6. Masking tape, rolled up, stuck to the back of each cutout. 7. References: ○ Pictures of natural sculptures, like the Banawe Rice terraces, or pictures of different flower arrangements. ○ Pictures of bonsai plants (easily found on the internet), or any live plant. ○ Pictures of rock formations, or actual rocks, branches, or shells. ○ It is best if you can bring a real potted plant (to best illustrate that the object is three dimensional: it has height, width, and depth; and so that it stands on its own and the students can walk around it. * This lesson will work best outdoors, but lacking that, bring as much of the outdoors into the classroom. Motivation OPTION 1: ● Did you know nature is a sculptor? (Define sculptor, and sculpture) ● Show pictures of natural formations (rocks, shells, branches) OPTION 2 ● Put the plant or natural object on a table and have the students walk around it as form is explained. ● They can also draw this plant when they do the learning guide exercise. Procedure Activity 1 1. Do the MOTIVATION (above) 2. Have the students sketch the plant or, if there are no plants, look for any three dimensional objects students can draw from an angle. 3. Divide the class into groups, so they may share their natural objects. 4. Distribute, or have the students get their natural objects ready. 5. Let the students see from different places around the object to realize that an object can be sketched from several angles. Activity 2 1. Using small 3D objects, arrange them in a pattern; either in a row or circular. 2. Have the students arrange their natural objects in a pattern, and remind them to make sure there is balance. ● Any kind of balance can be done, although circular balance takes up much less space. ● Encourage the students to “trade” their materials, to put more variety into the sculpture. ● If there are minimal materials, have the students make their nature sculpture as a group. They can make one nature sculpture per group. 3. When they are finished, let them arrange their nature sculpture on a piece of cardboard. ● Or, if they can tie the different parts together, they can create a free standing
  • ART Grade 1 Teaching Guide sculpture. Processing, Evaluation 1. The students can choose either of the following: a. Sculpture of small pieces arranged according to pattern which can be placed outside. b. A sculpture that is standing. They will also have a drawing of a plant or any natural object that is three dimensional. 2. Have the students explain the kind of design they used. 3. Ask the students how different their sculptures are from nature’s sculptures. 4. Explain to the students that this artwork is a kind of INSTALLATION ART, which is temporary. Explain that nature is the same way. It changes. If the nature sculpture is outdoors, the wind and weather, and perhaps small animals will change the sculpture as well. View slide