1. health education overviewPresentation Transcript
The Health Program in Grades 7-10deals with physical, mental, emotional, social, moral and spiritual dimensions of health that enable the learners toacquire essential knowledge, attitudes and skills necessary to promote good nutrition, prevent and control diseases,
substance use and abuse and reduce health related risk behaviors and injuries with theview to maintaining and improving personal, family, community, national and global health.
BASIC INFORMATION• Language of Instruction –Grades 1-3 Mother Tongue –Grades 4-5 Filipino –Grades 6-10 English
A Basis of the Curriculum: SCHOOL HEALTH DATA• 97% have dental caries• 67% suffer from parasitism• 40% pediculosis (kuto)• 15% are undernourished• 3% are overweight• Iron deficiency anemia• Hearing and visual impairment (Impacted cerumen)• Upper Respiratory Infection• National situation among areas: road safety, drugs
Comparative Life Span and Time Allotment in Minutes per Week for Subjects in Grades 1-6 in Four Asian Countries (SEAMEO-INNOTECH. 2011) Philippines Singapore Malaysia Brunei Darussalam Life Expectancy 71 80 74 77 at Birth (2005) SUBJECTS Mother Tongue/ National 1,950 1,800 1,980 1,620 Language English 2,250 2,400 1,890 1,620 Science 1,100 540 360 810 Mathematics 1,950 1,740 1,080 1,620 Social Studies 1,500 360 180 270 MAPEH 500 1,500 1,080 900 Character 750 1,800 1,080 810 Education/ Islamic & Moral Education EPP, Design & 600 180 180 Technology/ ICT
Content Areas in Health Education Growth and Development• Developmental milestones in childhood and adolescence• Personal health• Development of self- management skills
Content Areas in Health EducationPersonal Health (*}• Development and practice of behaviors promoting physical, mental, social, emotional, and spiritual health• Prevention and management of personal health problems
Content Areas in Health Education Nutrition (*) • Recognition of the nutrients children and adolescents need • Analysis of quality and quantity of food intake • Development of proper eating habits to meet physiological, psychological and social needs, • Diseases and disorders that arise from improper eating habits
Content Areas in Health Education Substance Use and Abuse • Their identification • Causes • Effects on the person, the family, society and the nation • Prevention and control
Content Areas in Health EducationFamily Health• Human life cycle related to personal interactions within the family – nurtures the individual – provides a home environment
Content Areas in Health EducationPrevention and control of diseases and disorders• Prevention and control of communicable and non-communicable diseases and disorders, through – Development of health habits and practices – Health programs supported by legislation – Provision of health services in the school and in the community
Content Areas in Health EducationInjury Prevention, Safety and First Aid (*)• Causes, effects, and prevention of accidents and injuries• Promotion of safe environments
Content Areas in Health EducationConsumer Health• Application of consumer skills in the wise evaluation, selection and use of health information, products, and services
Content Areas in Health EducationCommunity and Environmental Health• Situates the learner as an integral part of his/her community and the environment.
Characteristics of Health EducationHolisticAnalyzes interrelationship among:• Factors that influence health status• Areas of health• Dimensions of health
Characteristics of Health Education• Epidemiological – Studies incidence, prevalence, cause, and source of epidemics• Preventive – Helps people takepositive action ontheir health & lifestyle toprevent disease & achieveoptimum health
Characteristics of Health EducationLearner-centered• Focuses on student’s needs, abilities, interests and learning styles with teacher as facilitator of learning
Characteristics of Health EducationValues-based• Promotes valuing self and others and recognizes the worth and integrity of all involved in the life and work of the school, fostering positive relationships
Characteristics of Health EducationCulture-responsive• Uses cultural knowledge, prior experiences, and performance styles of diverse learners to make learning more appropriate and effective for them
Characteristics of Health Education• Rights-Based—Recognizes the Rights of the Child to – Life – Survival and development – Education – Health care – Protection from violence, injury, abuse – Nutrition – Shelter, etc.
Characteristics of Health Education• Standards-Based & Outcomes-based: Requires students to demonstrate that they have learned academic standards set on skills and content: what students need to know, understand, and be able to do. – Health Learning Area Standard: • The learner demonstrates understanding of key concepts of health in achieving, promoting and sustaining wellness for quality life
Key Stage Standard: K to 3The learner demonstrates understanding and observance of healthy practices to achieve wellness.Grade Level Standard for Grade 1The learner demonstrates understanding of essential concepts related to nutrition, personal health, and safety to enhance health and well- being.
Characteristics of Health EducationSkills-based: Applies life skills to specific health choices and behaviorsWHO Health Skills, including Life skills – Communication and Interpersonal Skills • Interpersonal communication skills • Negotiation/refusal skills • Empathy-building skills • Cooperation and teamwork • Advocacy
• Decision-Making and Critical Thinking Skills – Decision-making/problem solving skills – Critical thinking skills• Coping & Self-Management Skills – Skills for increasing personal confidence & abilities to assume control, take responsibility, make a difference, or bring about change – Skills for managing feelings – Skills for managing stress
Characteristics of Health Education• Integration of Legislation: Integrates laws that promote health and prevent and control unhealthy practices, e.g., – R.A. 3573 Prevention and Suppression of Dangerous Communicable Diseases – R.A. 9211 Tobacco Regulation Act of 2003 – R.A. 9512 Environmental Awareness – R.A. 7394 Consumer Act of the Philippines
Characteristics of Health Education• Reinforced by School Celebrations Mandated by Law, e.g. – June 6: World Environment Day Incidental – June 14-18 Safe Kids Week – July National Nutrition Month National Disaster Preparedness Month -- October National Health Education Week – October Global Handwashing Day – December 1 World AIDS Day – February National Dental/Oral Health Week – March Fire Prevention Month
Correlated with Other Learning Areas• Science• Music, Arts, Physical Education• Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao• Araling Panlipunan• Edukasyong Pangkabuhayan/ Technology & Livelihood Education• English• Filipino• Mathematics
Coordinated with School Health Program
Curriculum Organization• Psychological: Starts with the student and her/his health to family health, thence to community and environmental health• Continuous Spiral Progression: Previous learning is the basis of subsequent learning or learning is continuous and deepened
ORGANIZATION OF THE TEACHING GUIDESModule (1/Quarter of 10 meetings) – Objectives – Content – Background Information o Day 1: Motivation related to the picture about the Module Let Us Try (Pre-test) Key to correction o Days 2-9: Lessons of 40/30 minutes each Instructions on how to do the activities and projects, crafts Questions to ask o Day 10: Let Us Check
Health is a gift, but you have to LEARN to keep it.