Present simple and present continuous 3r eso
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Present simple and present continuous 3r eso

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Present simple and present continuous 3r eso Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Present simple
    • We use the present simple…
    • 1)For routines and habits : They practise sport every week.
    • 2) For general truths, laws of nature : Water boils at 100 degrees.
    • 3) For feelings and thoughts : I love reggae music.
    • 4) For permanent states : I live in Milan.
  • 2. Present simple, affirmative form
    • In the third person singular ( he/she/it ), we add
    • – s to the verb: My brother love s reggae. (love)
    • With verbs ending in –ss, -sh, -ch, -x and –o , we add –es : She watch es a lot of TV. (watch)
    • He go es to the gym everyday. (go)
    • With verbs ending in a consonant + -y, we change the –y to –ies : He tr ies to speak French. (try)
  • 3. Present simple, negative form and questions
    • We use the auxiliary don’t/doesn’t, do/does :
    • I don’t like reggae.
    • My brother doesn’t like reggae.
    • Do you like reggae? Yes, I do.
    • Does your brother like reggae? No, he doesn’t.
  • 4. Present continuous
    • 1)We use the present continuous for actions that are in progress now, or around the time when we are talking:
    • I am teaching English. (teach)
    • The sun is shining . (shine)
    • It isn’t raining . (rain)
    • 2)We also use the present continuous for temporary situations:
    • I usually live in Milan, but I’ m living in Florence at the moment. (live)
  • 5. Present continuous, affirmative, negative, questions
    • We use three (3) elements : 1) the subject + 2) the verb to be + 3) a verb ending in –ing :
    • He is watching TV.
    • I’m not teaching Catalan.
    • You aren’t doing your homework.
    • ● In questions, we use a different order : 1) the verb to be + 2) the subject + 3) a verb ending in –ing :
    • Is he watching TV? Yes, he is.
    • Are you teaching Catalan? No, I’m not.
    • Are you doing your homework? No, we aren’t.
  • 6. Time expressions
    • We use every day, once/twice a week, on Mondays… and adverbs of frequency (never, hardly ever, sometimes, often, usually, always) with the present simple:
    • He plays computer games every day .
    • We use at the moment, now, today … with the present continuous:
    • He’ s playing a football computer game now .