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Present simple

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  • 1. Present simple • En anglès es fa servir el present simple per parlar de rutines, hàbits, coses que fem cada dia/setmana/més... I have breakfast at a quarter to seven. She dances jazz on Tuesdays and Fridays.
  • 2. Present simple, afirmatiu • És molt fàcil: només cal posar SEMPRE el subjecte del verb, i no cal afegir res al verb, ni fer cap canvi: teach → I teach English every day. play → You play football at half past six. • Només hi ha una excepció: quan el subjecte és una tercera persona del singular (he/she/it), afegim –s al verb: My brother loves reggae. (love) He plays football at half past six. (play) • Amb verbs que terminen en –ss, -sh, -ch, -x i –o, afegim –es: She watches a lot of TV. (watch) He goes to the gym on Mondays and Wednesdays. (go) • Amb verbs que terminen en una consonant + -y, canviem –y per –i i afegim -es: He tries to speak French. (try)
  • 3. Present simple, negatiu • Els verbs anglesos necessiten ajuda, auxili, per expressar la negació. Per això, fem servir els auxiliars don’t/doesn’t, posant-los abans del verb. • Fem servir doesn’t quan el subjecte del verb és he/she/it. Per a tota la resta de subjectes, l’auxiliar és don’t. I don’t dance jazz after school. She doesn’t play football at seven o’clock. • Com que doesn’t ja porta s, no cal afegir –s al verb.
  • 4. Present simple, preguntes • Els verbs anglesos també necessiten ajuda, auxili, per expressar interrogació, és a dir, per preguntar. • Per això, fem servir els auxiliars Do/Does per començar la pregunta, seguits pel subjecte i el verb: Do you dance jazz after school? Yes, I do. Does she play football at seven o’clock? No, she doesn’t. • Com que Does ja porta s, no cal afegir –s al verb.