Good afternoon teacher and classmates. My name is ChalisaPetchlerksakul. Today, I’m going to present about Guatemala which is the country that contains a lot of history, culture and beautiful places.
In this presentation, I will present about history which has Maya Period and Spanish domination. Then, I will talk about geography of Guatemala. I will show you a map and tell you a climate and season there. Next, I will show you a culture of Guatemala. I will show you the picture of clothing and tell you about music and dance in this country. Moreover, there are many interesting dishes to show you. And lastly, I will take you to the 5 interesting places of Guatemala.
Let’s start with history of Guatemala. In Maya period, the Mayan civilization was centered in Guatemala, proven from the many artifacts and sites excavated and dated as early as 3rd – 10th century A.D. or the Maya period. The largest, and probably most famous, of these is found in the northern part of the lowlands, in Tikal.
Between the years 1523 and 1524, the Spanish forces led by Pedro de Alvarado subjugated Guatemala. Three centuries later, Guatemala was released from Spanish domination and declared its independence on September 15, 1821
Here is a flag of Guatemala. The two sky blue stripes representthat Guatemala is a land located between two oceans, the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean (Caribbean sea); and the sky over the country. The white color signifies peace and purity. In the center of the flag is the Guatemalan coat of arms. It includes the Resplendent Quetzal, the national bird of Guatemala that symbolizes liberty; a parchment scroll bearing the date of Central America's independence from Spain.
Next topic, Geography!
This is a map of Guatemala. Guatemala locate in Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador and Mexico, and bordering the Gulf of Honduras (Caribbean Sea) between Honduras and Belize.
Two seasons exist in Guatemala. Winter, or the rainy season, lasts from May to October. Summer, or the dry season, is between November and April and paradoxically is the time of coolest temperatures. Due to the clear skies the coolest nighttime temperatures occur in December and January, with occasional snowfall and frosts at high altitudes.
This is the picture of winter or rainy season
And this is Summer or Dry season
Next is climate of Guatemala, there are tropical; hot, humid in lowlands, and cooler in highlands.
Clothing is another aspect of Guatemala Culture and it is seen that they prefer the traditional handmade clothing. In this picture, the woman is wearing the Mayan blouse which is called Huipil. A Huipil is generally woven by hand on a back strap loom.
In Guatemala, the most popular type of music is called the marimba music. This type of music is played using a musical instrument called a marimba which is a percussion instrument. This music can be seen and heard everywhere. Moreover, the instrument marimba is the national instrument of Guatemala.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ABkT08KFvEs
In conclusion, Guatemala is a country that have many exciting histories. It’s the country in Central America ; moreover, the season there are wonderful such as winter season along with rainy season. There are many interesting cultures that had influenced by Mayan civilization and Spanish. Finally, Guatemala have many beautiful places that tourists and travelers shouldn’t miss!
English for Communication
Section 1 ID 55030066
• Maya Period
• Spanish Domination
• Seasons & Climate
• Music and Dance
• 5 Interesting Places
3. History of Guatemala
• The Mayan civilization was centered in
• Proven from the many artifacts and sites
• Dated as early as 3rd – 10th century A.D.
4. The centre of the Maya
5. Spanish Domination
• The Spanish forces led by Pedro de
Alvarado subjugated Guatemala.
• 3 centuries later, Guatemala was
• Declared its independence on September
Graphic portrayal of discrimination
against the Maya under Spanish rule
6. • At the same time, Mexican ruler integrated
Guatemala into his empire.
• Free again by 1823.
• Guatemala and others formed the United
Provinces of Central America.
Maya imagery of the conflict between
Spanish and native peoples
7. Peace and purity
The date of Central America's
independence from Spain.
A land located between two
• Winter, or the rainy season, lasts from May to
• Summer, or the dry season between
November and April.
• the coolest nighttime temperatures occur in
December and January.
11. Winter or Rainy season
12. Summer or Dry season
• Tropical, hot
• Humid in lowlands
• Cooler in highlands
14. Culture of Guatemala
The Mayan blouse is
called a Huipil
A Huipil is generally woven by
hand on a back strap loom.
16. Skirts or Cortes are generally
woven on a foot-powered,
treadle loom and are usually
woven by men.
17. Music and Dance
• The most popular type of music is called the
• Using a musical instrument called a marimba.
19. Guatemala breakfasts
20. Meat stews (caldos)and soups (sopas)
22. Guatemala Desserts
23. Tres Leches Cake
A cake soaked in three kinds of
A wobbly, golden-colored caramel custard.
25. Places to Visit
The top of Volcan Santa Maria
26. Lake Atitlan
Stunning exhibition of natural splendor
27. Santa Catalina Arch
Once the capitol city of Guatemala
The beaten path of Pacific coastal Guatemala
Guatemala’s gems tucked away on the Caribbean coast
30. Chichicastenango Market
The shopping destination of Guatemala
Country in Central America