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The enemy

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Transcript

  • 1. The enemy
  • 2. The Aedes mosquito
  • 3. Why?It transmits• Dengue fever – deadly killer of mankind particularly children• Chikungunya - a crippling fever
  • 4. Characteristics of the Aedes MosquitoIt bites during the dayIt lays its eggs inclean, shady, stagnantwaterOne distinct physicalfeature – black andwhite strips on its bodyand legs-Hence called“Tiger Mosquitoes”
  • 5. Life Cycle of Aedes sp. Vector Egg 1.5 – 3 days Adult Larva 21 days 6 – 8 days Pupa 1.5 – 3 days
  • 6. Aedes Farms
  • 7. Man made Aedes farms• Water storage tank or • Discarded food and cistern drink containers• Drums • Used tyres• Flower vase filled with • Discarded large water appliances• Potted plants with • Discarded buckets saucers • Rubber collection shells• Roof gutters
  • 8. Man made Aedes farms• Animal water • Tender cocunut shells container • Plastic covers used for• Air coolers covering fruits in the• Water coolers trees• Discarded tins • Air conditioners• Window gutters
  • 9. Natural Aedes farms• Tree holes• Rock holes• Leaf axils
  • 10. Man made Aedes farms
  • 11. Water storage tank or cisterns
  • 12. Breeding in uncovered water tank
  • 13. Generous mind to Aedes
  • 14. Cement water container
  • 15. Water containers
  • 16. Water storage drum
  • 17. Tyres every where
  • 18. Perfect Home for the enemy?
  • 19. Enemy home everywhere
  • 20. Inviting the enemy
  • 21. Concrete mixer
  • 22. Floor mat- safe home for the enemy
  • 23. Roof gutters
  • 24. The forty two containers
  • 25. Unwilling to dispose
  • 26. Aedes in animal water container in rural areas
  • 27. All in one place
  • 28. Mini homes for the enemy
  • 29. Sweet home for the enemy
  • 30. Opening the door for the enemy
  • 31. Devil safe behind the God
  • 32. What a devotion !!!
  • 33. Coconut shells
  • 34. Clean water for the enemy
  • 35. Clean water for the enemy
  • 36. Natural Aedes farms
  • 37. Tree holes
  • 38. Tree hole harbouring Aedes
  • 39. Plantain leaf axil
  • 40. Vector BionomicsEggs withstand desiccation for yearsFlight range is mostly < ½ kmDay biting mosquito (Early morning andlate afternoon)Longevity - about 3 weeks
  • 41. VECTOR BIONOMICSAmbient temperature for breeding16°C to 40°CIndoor - rests in dark and cool placesOut door - shady placesHigh humidity & High temperatureenhance the vectorial capacity
  • 42. FACTORS FAVOURING AEDES BREEDINGPopulation explosionUrbanizationFaulty housingInadequate water supplyWide use of non-biodegradable materialsImproper disposal of solid wastes
  • 43. Components of Aedes Control• Advocacy, social mobilization and legislation• Colloboration within the health sector and other sectors• Integrated approach to vector control• Evidence based decision making• Capacity building
  • 44. Environmental control
  • 45. Simpler Solutions
  • 46. Problem to solution
  • 47. Washing with bleaching powder or ash and a brush
  • 48. Discarding the water by tilting the container
  • 49. War waged by children
  • 50. Trained eyes searching for the enemy
  • 51. Accepts the problem: Thinks deeply to find solution
  • 52. Eureka
  • 53. Source Reduction By NSS Students
  • 54. Potable water sourcesarecovered with cloth.
  • 55. Used tyres collection campaign
  • 56. Determined to win the war
  • 57. Moved out for recycling/destruction
  • 58. Young minds are trained to identify the enemy
  • 59. Demonstration of larval breeding sources
  • 60. School children as health messengers
  • 61. Biological controlLarvivorous fish - Guppy, GambusiaBiolarvicides -B. thrungiensis
  • 62. Chemical controlLarvicide -Temephos 5 ml/10 literAdulticide-Pyrethrum extract2%,Technical Malathion, Syntheticpyrethroid (Deltamethrin and Cyfluthrin)
  • 63. Fogging as an emergency operation to knock down adult mosquitoes
  • 64. Fogging into residences infested with the enemy
  • 65. Fogging in the streets
  • 66. Fogging in the public places
  • 67. Together we can bring change Thank You