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  • 1. Part I The Questions We Ponder 1. Is Reading Still Reading? 2. What is the Role of Fiction? 3. Where Does Rigor Fit? 4. What Do We Mean by Intellectual Communities? 5. What is the Role of Talk? 6. What is Close Reading? 7. Do Text-dependent Questions Foster Engagement? 8. Must Everyone Read the Same Book? 9. How Do I Judge the Complexity of a Text? 10. Are We Creating Lifelong Learners?
  • 2. Part II
  • 3. Part II Signpost and Definitions Clues to the Signpost What Literary Element it Helps Us Understand Anchor Questions Contrasts and Contradictions A character behaves or thinks in a Character development Why would the character act or feel A sharp contrast between what we would expect and what we observe the character doing; behavior contradicts previous behavior or wellestablished patterns. Also contrasts between characters or situations. way we don’t expect, or an element of a setting is something we would not expect Internal conflict Theme Relationship between setting and plot this way? How do the contrasts between characters help us understand them? How might contrasts between situations help us predict plot or conflict? Again and Again Events, images, or particular words that recur over a portion of the novel A word is repeated, sometimes used in an odd way, over and over in the story An image reappears several times during the course of the book Plot Setting Symbolism Theme Character development Conflict Why might the author bring this up again and again? Memory Moment The ongoing flow of the narrative is Character development Plot interrupted by a memory that comes to the Theme A recollection by a character that interrupts the forward progress of the story character, often taking several paragraphs Relationship between character and plot to recount before we are returned to events of the present moment. Why might this memory be important? Aha Moment A character’s realization of something that shifts his actions or understanding of himself, others, or the world around him. How might this change things? Phrases usually expressing suddenness, like: “Suddenly I understood...” “It came to me in a flash that...” “The realization hit me like a lightning bolt...” “In an instant I knew...” Character development Internal conflict Plot
  • 4. Part II Signpost and Definitions Clues to the Signpost What Literary Element it Helps Us Understand Tough Questions Questions a character raises that reveal his/her inner struggles Phrases expressing serious doubt or confusion: “What could I possibly do to...?” “I couldn’t imagine how I could cope with...” “How could I ever understand why she...?” Never had I been so confused about...” Words of the Wiser The advice or insight a wiser character-usually older--offers about life to the main character The main character and another are Theme usually off by themselves in a quiet Internal conflict serious moment, and the wiser figure Relationship between character and plot shares his wisdom or advice in an effort to help the main character with a problem or a decision Internal conflict Theme Character development Anchor Questions What does this question make me wonder about? What the life lesson, and how might it affect the character?
  • 5. Part II Applications in the Classroom Character Development Timeline The characters in the novel The Namesake are especially fluid – students were tasked with tracing that character development for the four main characters. They utilized their dialectical journals for this activity, paying particular attention to contrasts and contradictions, aha moments, tough questions, and memory moments.
  • 6. Part II Character Development Timeline
  • 7. Part II Character Development Timeline
  • 8. Part II Character Development Timeline
  • 9. Part II Character Development Timeline