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The North Carolina Community College System


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  • The North Carolina Community College System is made up of 58 campuses, 28 mini-campuses and 74 off-campus sites serving all 100 counties within the state. This translates to classes being held only a 30-minute drive away from any given student, outside of “distance learning.” “ There are more than 1,000 curriculum programs under more than 250 curriculum titles offered across the state.  Programs are offered at the certificate, diploma and associate degree levels.  New programs are established as a response to local and regional labor market needs and student demand.”
  • Currently, the NCCCS enrolls about 800,000 students in comparison to the University System of North Carolina which, as of Fall 2009, serves 176,133 undergraduate students and 46,189 graduate students. There are also over 60 of proprietary business/technical/trade/correspondence private colleges in North Carolina, including ECPI College of Technology, ITT Technical Institute, Universal Technical Institute (which includes NASCAR Tech), Miller-Mote Technical College and The Art Institutes of Raleigh-Durham and Charlotte. The State Board of Community Colleges is in charge of licensing these programs via Article 8 of the North Carolina General Statutes (115D). Sources:
  • The underlying reason to develop the Community College system was to support economic growth and prosperity through education. Each institution within the system offers certificate, diploma and associate degree programs. There are also very clearly defined programs for college transfer, as well as job training, literacy and continuing education opportunities. Source:
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  • In April 2009, the report based on the Study on the Admission of Undocumented Students was published. Current policy has only three types of students who may be admitted: 1) high school students who had been dual enrolled, 2) participants in non-college level course (e.g., GED) and 3) those who can provide proper documentation as defined under Federal Law , 8 U.S.C. §1641. Source: NCCCS Fact Book, 2005, p.62
  • Occupational and ConEd coursework is also available for “distance learning” opportunities. In 2006-2007, approximately 45,000 students were enrolled in such classes. This enrollment was a 34% increase in this type of instruction from the previous instructional year. Sources:
  • These programs are provided tuition-free and are offered in order to keep the typical high school student on a path toward postsecondary education. Sources:
  • Employment within the NCCCS is 1-12 months in length. The definition of FT, Less-Than-FT and PT faculty is determined by each individual college. Source:
  • I was surprised by the high numbers of Faculty and Senior Administration who did not have a Doctorate of any kind. This realization indicates that once I have achieved my master’s my career opportunities should increase greatly if I consider moving into a community college system. Source:
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  • The website offers resources for all educators, K-20. It includes user videos available to explain the website in detail. There is also instruction on the Blackboard Integration system, the preferred course management program. Source:
  • Ten members are appointed by the Governor, four members are elected by the State Senate, four more by the State House. The Lt. Governor and the State Treasurer are considered ex officio members, as well as the current president or vice president of the North Carolina Comprehensive Community College SGA. Board meetings occur at least ten times a year. A Chair is elected by the members to serve as leader and is responsible for projecting proper guidance. Source: NCCCS Fact Book, Section 1-Pages 7 and 8
  • Source: NCCCS Fact Book, Section 1-Page7
  • The local board of trustees sets policy for its given college. It elects the college president, contingent on approval by the State Board. *Often, faculty decisions are made by a committee with presidential input. Source: (pp, 7-8)
  • The formula for disbursement of state funds to the separate colleges is found in Section 2D.0300 of the North Carolina Administrative Code. Source: NCCCS Fact Book, Section 1 – Page 9
  • Source: National Association of State Budget Officers, State Expenditure Report – Table12, p. 23, also Table 48, p.83
  • Additional fees are applicable and vary by program. Source:
  • Citing tuition and fees listed within the 16 institutions of the University of North Carolina System, costs are significantly higher. In comparison, a FT student at an NCCCS institution would pay approximately $1,300/year in tuition & fees. Source:
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  • The latest Strategic and Marketing Plans for Career & Technical Education was adopted in July of 2009. Source:
  • Special populations such as the homeless, learning disabled adults, and adults in correctional facilities. GED programs offer preparation for the five tests that would certify the individual has attained high school equivalency skills. Source:
  • The above website will allow a student to look up credits by community college or by intended four-year institution. Agreements were first established in 1997. Sources:
  • For transfer credit, a minimum grade of C must be received. Also, the number of hours is limited to 64. Source:
  • Meetings are scheduled three times a year to review coursework and the possible transfer thereof. Source:
  • Transcript

    • 1. The North Carolina Community College System Presentation by Teresa Dize
    • 2.  
    • 3. Timeline
      • 1950: The State Superintendent authorized a study to possibly establish a system of tax-supported community colleges.
      • 1957 : The General Assembly adopted the first Community College Act to provide funding
      • 1961: 5 public junior colleges and 7 industrial centers for vocational/technical education had been established
      • 1962: Gov. Terry Sanford created the Governor’s Commission on Education Beyond the High School thus unifying the community college system
      • 1963: The General Assembly established G.S.115A to establish the Department of Colleges
      • 1966: 43 institutions enrolled 28,250 FTE (Full-Time Equivalent) students
      • 1969: 54 institutions enrolled 59,329 FTE students
      • 1974-75: Growth reached the 33% mark
      • 1978: The 58 th institution, Brunswick Community College, was established
      • 1979-80: The State Board of Community Colleges was established
      • 1988: The system celebrated 25 years as an established system and had become the nation’s third largest community college system
    • 4. Mission Statement as established in NC General Statutes 115D-1
      • … The major purpose of each and every institution operating under the provisions of this Chapter shall be and continue to be the offering of vocational and technical education and training, and of basic, high school level, academic education needed in order to profit from vocational and technical education, for students who are high school graduates or who are beyond the compulsory age limit of the public school system and who have left the public schools…
    • 5. Student Population of NCCCS
      • Most of the students (95%) are in-state residents who plan on working in the state after course completion therefore contributing to the tax base of North Carolina.
      • Average age: 32 years old
      • Over 2/3 of the students also work and balance family responsibilities while attending classes.
      • Roughly 63% of the students are female
      • The Virtual Learning Community has increased the quality and availability of online courses, offering 246 courses, 26 complete degrees, 29 ConEd courses and 3 professional development courses.
    • 6. Racial Demographic Information
    • 7. Instructional Technology
      • Pat Willis, graduated from Edgecombe Community College in May 2009 with a degree in Health Information Technology, acquired fully online as she worked fulltime.
      • Instructional technology options include:
        • Online instruction
        • Interactive video
        • Telecourses/teleweb
        • Hybrid courses
        • Digital media
      • This technology is used to replace OR enhance traditional classroom presentations.
    • 8. Benefits for High School Students
      • There are many types of opportunities available for the high school student. Programs are flexible and seamless, thus maximizing resources not regularly accessible to HS students.
      • Huskins Program: transferable college credit is provided tuition-free on several HS campuses
      • Other programs available: Learn & Earn, Dual Enrollment, Early College and Middle College.
    • 9. Faculty Information
    • 10. Highest Degree Earned – FT Staff/Faculty
    • 11. Collective Bargaining in NCCCS
      • Currently, NC General Statute 95-98 denies the ability for any public workers in the state to use collective bargaining.
      • On June 15 th , Collective Bargaining Lobby Day will occur on the steps of the North Carolina General Assembly in Raleigh, NC. The hope of Lobby Day is to establish the right to utilize collective bargaining in regards to salary, benefits and safety issues in the workplace for all public employees.
    • 12. Salary Information
      • North Carolina continues to rank near the bottom when comparing salaries against similar community college programs and other southern states.
      • Salaries tend to fall about 20% below the national average.
      • The goal is for North Carolina to rank in the top 20% for salaries, but this would take a major funding assessment of approximately $175 million.
    • 13. Faculty Preparation
      • North Carolina utilizes NCLOR (North Carolina Learning Object Repository) for training and orientation purposes.
      • In addition, NCLOR allows educators to
        • Search resources
        • Integrate these resources for classroom use
        • Share resources with others
        • Collaborate
      • Other programs available to NCCCS faculty include the National Repository for Online Courses, SAS Curriculum Pathways and the Explorer Virtual Microscope.
    • 14. Governance of the NCCCS
      • The State Board of Community Colleges has the authority to adopt policies, procedures, standards and regulations for the 58 public community colleges. 21 members represent all aspects of society: business, education, industry and government.
      • The North Carolina Community College
      • System office is the resource and
      • administrative office for the State Board.
    • 15. State Board Functions
      • Equitable distribution of funds & fiscal accountability
      • Establishing and maintaining state priorities
      • Educational program approval and accountability
    • 16. Local Governance
      • Each college has its own board of trustees. This board is comprised of at least 12 local citizens and are appointed in staggered four year terms.
      • The college president may be the one given the authority of administrative decisions, including the hiring of faculty members.*
      • All personnel working at each institution is an employee of that individual college and not of the State of North Carolina.
    • 17. Funding
      • The State Board of Community Colleges is the provider of funds. The Board then authorizes local trustees to disburse funds as needed following prescribed policies and regulations.
      • Community colleges can use state funds received to cover operating expenses, equipment, purchase of library materials, acquisition of land and construction projects.
      • Community colleges can use local funds for operating costs and maintenance of facilities. Local funds can also be used to supplement an state budget items.
      • The State Auditor’s Office audits all financial records of the North Carolina Community College System.
    • 18. Higher Education Expenditures
      • North Carolina spends approximately 8% of its budget on Higher Education.
      • Revenue sources in the General Funds include personal & corporate income tax, sales taxes and other state fees.
      • Bonds were expected to allow an additional $400 million in Higher Education expenditures for FY 2009.
      For FY 2009
    • 19. Student Tuition & Fees
      • The intent of the NCCCS is to minimize expenses. Therefore, tuition is highly affordable. There is also state & federal financial aid available in the form of grants, scholarships, and loans.
      **Tuition for all of the community colleges in the NCCCS was $50/credit hour for 2009-2010.** **Fees are limited to no more than $65/year.**
    • 20.
      • For 2009-2010, the lowest tuition cost for a FT student at a UNC institution was at Elizabeth City State University:
        • In-state Tuition: $1,681.00
        • General Fees: $1,350.00
        • TOTAL: $3,031.00
      • The highest tuition cost was at University of North Carolina – Chapel Hill:
        • In-state Tuition: $3,865.00
        • General Fees: $1,404.66
        • Debt Service Fee: $180.50
        • TOTAL: $5,450.16
    • 21. Perkins Vocational Education
      • Daniel Creech had spent several years working in his dad's auto repair shop and knew it was his career. “It feels good knowing you can take a car's problem and fix it,” he says. He went on to enroll in Wake Tech's Automotive Systems Technologies and has prepared for a series of Automotive Service Excellence (ASE) exams. In his last semester at Wake Tech, he is just one ASE exam from Master Technician certification. Even before completion of the program, Creech has been hired at a local Ford dealership. He credits Wake Tech with his success: “Going through the program at Wake Tech lets employers know you're committed to doing a good job.”
      • Public Law 109-270 established the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act in 2006. It was specifically designed to fully develop the necessary skills for vocational and technical education.
      • Daniel Creech is just one example of the program’s success.
    • 22. Local business and industry utilize the innovative training available at NCCCS. In 2006-07, over 30 thousand workers participated in over 600 classes. BioNetwork is used by 20 colleges in order to offer training in the pharmaceutical & biomanufacturing Industry. There are over 200 courses which would lead to the certification or recertification required by outside agencies. The Career Start program available on 31 campuses provides job placement and training. It bridges the gap between education and job skills. 11,242 students used this program in 2006-07. In 2006, 84,310 unemployed workers received skills training through the Human Resource Development program.
    • 23. Vocational Education Facts
      • Employment information across the state is used in order to determine coursework and programs. Increased programs only occur if the local employment outlook has proven the need.
      • All such programs are reviewed annually in regards to enrollment, student satisfaction, passing rate of licensing and certification testing, retention and graduation rate, rate of employment, employer satisfaction and other standards.
    • 24. Developmental Education
      • Over 135,000 participated in developmental education programs in 2006-07.
      • The Basic Skills programs include services in English as a Second Language, Adult Basic Education, Adult High School and General Education Development (GED).
      • “ The mission of the Basic Skills program is to assist adults to become literate and obtain the knowledge and skills necessary for employment and self-sufficiency, assist adults who are parents to obtain the educational skills necessary to become full partners in the educational development of their children, and assist adults in the completion of a secondary school education.”
    • 25. Collegiate Education
      • There is a well-established partnership between the North Carolina Community College System and the University System of North Carolina with active articulation agreements for students planning to transfer to a four-year institution.
      • Students who have transferred have proven to perform as well or better than students who have been in the four-year institution from their first year.
    • 26. NCCCS Transfer Guide
      • The system has created a brochure which includes FAQs regarding transferring from a community college to a four-year institution. It explains the Comprehensive Articulation Agreement.
      • General Education Core requirements are also included.
    • 27. Transfer Advisory Committee
      • TAC is an eight member board appointed by the respective Presidents of the North Carolina Community College System and the University System of North Carolina.
      • If a student feels a course should have transferred, there is a grievance procedure to be submitted to the TAC for consideration.
    • 28. Making It All Work The following articles demonstrate the strength and continued success of the NCCS
    • 29. Outlook Toward the Future
      • As we have established during our semester together, the future of the Community College System is bright.
        • *Economical issues will influence the choices for a CC experience over a four-year institution.
        • *Many future jobs only require associate degrees or certificate programs in order to be profitable.