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GEO-case in re-use of public sector information (PSI)

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Re-use of public sector information: the GEO-CASE …

Re-use of public sector information: the GEO-CASE
Presented at seminar JURITIC in Namur, Belgium

Published in: Technology

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    • 1. Re-use of public sector information: the GEO-CASE (presented at seminar Juritic 15/5/2009 Namur, Belgium) by Tanguy De Lestré
    • 2. Agenda
      • 0/ Setting the scene
      • 1/ Government decisions matter
      • 2/ Practical cases
      • 3/ Feedback GEO-community
      • 4/ Food for thought
      • 5/ Conclusion
    • 3. SETTING THE SCENE
      • Degradation of GPS signal set up for security reasons during the First Persian Gulf War (1991)
    • 4. 1/ Government decisions matter
      • On May 1, 2000, US President Clinton orders the discontinuation of the degradation of the GPS accuracy; the signal accuracy moves from 100m to 20m for civilian use
      • This Government decision widely seen as start of commercial use of GPS in portable navigation devices
        • Ends 10 years of degradation of GPS signal.
    • 5. 1/ EU Commission Communication Review of PSI Directive 2003/98/EC ( COM 2009 212 of 7/5/9):
      • "Despite its economic value, estimated at € 27 billion, much of Europe's public sector information is not re-used. »
      • EU Recommendation : make it easier to get a license to re-use public sector information (= lack of standardised conditions for re-use)
      • Example Geographic data : cadastral or environmental maps have been downloaded exponentially on public web sites; personal navigation systems from 30 million units to 60 million units in 2012
      • EU Communication mentions following problems:
        • complex licensing policies;
        • lack of awareness on what public sector information is available.
      • EU Assessment:
        • PSI in the digital age is driver of innovation and growth.
        • PSI directive has strongest impact on the Geographic Information market.
    • 6. 2/ Practical cases 1: IBGE thermography
      • Thermography of buildings could be used commercially; other flight resolutions used for other purposes,…
    • 7. 2/ Practical case: use curve
      • Data has a typical utility curve: very important in first short term, than less interesting.
      • After a few time this ‘old’ data gets again important.
      • By having huge image servers and huge data capacity, private sector can bring back to live this old data and add value to it. Eg. World expo 58 map.
    • 8. 2/ Practical cases 3: administrative limits statistical sectors
      • Used for geo-marketing; (source SPF economy): no price or distribution existed, and this was discussed and introduced a in model contract between Ministry and private company
    • 9. 3/ Feedback from the GEO-ICT private sector in Belgium:
        • Urgency to set a juridical scheme for re-use as administration not informing exactly on the access rules to its data;
        • Need to open up the public data to private companies;
        • Innovation cycle is going so fast that one does not need to wait too long;
        • Clarity on re-use licensing scheme is top priority;
        • Very much unknown on the public data available;
        • Quality assurance of public data (metadata missing,…) issue so that sometimes data needs to re-collected
        • Ownership: less and less of the topographic data is owned by the authorities; what is owned is a layer of exclusive information that is linked to the GIS database
          • Eg Cadastral limits. Geographic datasets linked to banque carrefour.
    • 10. 3/ Feedback from the GEO-ICT private sector in Belgium: A practical example: Walloon Region
      • Multiple Data Sources, Organizations and approaches
        • Using different Semantics, Data Models and Formats
        • Having invested (Licences, Training, Bespokes) in different Software Suites
      • Need to Manage
        • Data Redundancy
        • Data Interoperability until semantic level
        • Seamless access to public data
      • The missing link: A real « Hub » federating the heterogeneous sources
        • Each organization can preserve his own investment in Data, Software and Know-how
        • All organization can cross-exchange data
        • Central administration
        • Relay for external use
    • 11. 4/ Licensing some food for thought
      • Licensing issue
        • Priority clarity
        • « 1996 US Freedom of information act »
          • Public data has been paid once by the taxpayer (= citizen and business) so re-use conditions no more than cost of dissemination and without any restrictions on use
          • Consequence US: higher growth 10% estimated yearly, O,18% of GDP compared to 0,11% EU estimation year 2005.
        • « Cambridge study »: charging no or marginal costs for PSI result in social and economic benefits that outweigh the immediate financial benefits attained by cost recovering strategies
          • Example: Austrian national mapping agency created transparent conditions and order went up 7000% for orthophotos.
    • 12. 4/ Public task description clarity : food for thought
      • Borderline between public and non public sector activities of public sector
        • If public sector goes producing mainstream, leaves little room for private actors
        • Cross-subsidising where a public sector would use its raw information to develop further value added services under more favorable market conditions
      • Alignmnent needed between information publicly available and need of private users.
    • 13. 4/ INSPIRE: food for thought
      • INSPIRE directive (2007/2//EC) mentions:
        • The provision goes to help raise awareness and increase visibility of all initiatives promoting the use and re-use of data. Article 11 and 15 of the directive require direct access to data sets and services.
    • 14. 5/ Conclusion
      • INSPIRE= what needs to be done
      • Various initiatives without clear vision= what is actually done
      • Enhance economic activity through availability of public sector data = what should be done
      • Need of plateforms that combine efficiently dynamic and heterogenous information= what technolgy is capable to do
      • Find solution for juridical uncertainties = what can be done
    • 15. Contact
      • Tanguy De Lestré
      • Project Manager
      • AGORIA Diamant Building Bd. A. Reyers ln, 80 1030 BRUSSEL
      • Tel : 02 706 79 92
      • Fax : 02 706 80 09
      • E-mail : tanguy.delestre @ agoria.be
      • Web: http://www.agoria.be/geotic