GEO-case in re-use of public sector information (PSI)


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Re-use of public sector information: the GEO-CASE
Presented at seminar JURITIC in Namur, Belgium

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  • GEO-case in re-use of public sector information (PSI)

    1. 1. Re-use of public sector information: the GEO-CASE (presented at seminar Juritic 15/5/2009 Namur, Belgium) by Tanguy De Lestré
    2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>0/ Setting the scene </li></ul><ul><li>1/ Government decisions matter </li></ul><ul><li>2/ Practical cases </li></ul><ul><li>3/ Feedback GEO-community </li></ul><ul><li>4/ Food for thought </li></ul><ul><li>5/ Conclusion </li></ul>
    3. 3. SETTING THE SCENE <ul><li>Degradation of GPS signal set up for security reasons during the First Persian Gulf War (1991) </li></ul>
    4. 4. 1/ Government decisions matter <ul><li>On May 1, 2000, US President Clinton orders the discontinuation of the degradation of the GPS accuracy; the signal accuracy moves from 100m to 20m for civilian use </li></ul><ul><li>This Government decision widely seen as start of commercial use of GPS in portable navigation devices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ends 10 years of degradation of GPS signal. </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. 1/ EU Commission Communication Review of PSI Directive 2003/98/EC ( COM 2009 212 of 7/5/9): <ul><li>&quot;Despite its economic value, estimated at € 27 billion, much of Europe's public sector information is not re-used. » </li></ul><ul><li>EU Recommendation : make it easier to get a license to re-use public sector information (= lack of standardised conditions for re-use) </li></ul><ul><li>Example Geographic data : cadastral or environmental maps have been downloaded exponentially on public web sites; personal navigation systems from 30 million units to 60 million units in 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>EU Communication mentions following problems: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>complex licensing policies; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lack of awareness on what public sector information is available. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EU Assessment: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PSI in the digital age is driver of innovation and growth. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PSI directive has strongest impact on the Geographic Information market. </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. 2/ Practical cases 1: IBGE thermography <ul><li>Thermography of buildings could be used commercially; other flight resolutions used for other purposes,… </li></ul>
    7. 7. 2/ Practical case: use curve <ul><li>Data has a typical utility curve: very important in first short term, than less interesting. </li></ul><ul><li>After a few time this ‘old’ data gets again important. </li></ul><ul><li>By having huge image servers and huge data capacity, private sector can bring back to live this old data and add value to it. Eg. World expo 58 map. </li></ul>
    8. 8. 2/ Practical cases 3: administrative limits statistical sectors <ul><li>Used for geo-marketing; (source SPF economy): no price or distribution existed, and this was discussed and introduced a in model contract between Ministry and private company </li></ul>
    9. 9. 3/ Feedback from the GEO-ICT private sector in Belgium: <ul><ul><li>Urgency to set a juridical scheme for re-use as administration not informing exactly on the access rules to its data; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to open up the public data to private companies; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Innovation cycle is going so fast that one does not need to wait too long; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clarity on re-use licensing scheme is top priority; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very much unknown on the public data available; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality assurance of public data (metadata missing,…) issue so that sometimes data needs to re-collected </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ownership: less and less of the topographic data is owned by the authorities; what is owned is a layer of exclusive information that is linked to the GIS database </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eg Cadastral limits. Geographic datasets linked to banque carrefour. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    10. 10. 3/ Feedback from the GEO-ICT private sector in Belgium: A practical example: Walloon Region <ul><li>Multiple Data Sources, Organizations and approaches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Using different Semantics, Data Models and Formats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Having invested (Licences, Training, Bespokes) in different Software Suites </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Need to Manage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data Redundancy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data Interoperability until semantic level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seamless access to public data </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The missing link: A real « Hub » federating the heterogeneous sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Each organization can preserve his own investment in Data, Software and Know-how </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All organization can cross-exchange data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Central administration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relay for external use </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. 4/ Licensing some food for thought <ul><li>Licensing issue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Priority clarity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>« 1996 US Freedom of information act » </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public data has been paid once by the taxpayer (= citizen and business) so re-use conditions no more than cost of dissemination and without any restrictions on use </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Consequence US: higher growth 10% estimated yearly, O,18% of GDP compared to 0,11% EU estimation year 2005. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>« Cambridge study »: charging no or marginal costs for PSI result in social and economic benefits that outweigh the immediate financial benefits attained by cost recovering strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Austrian national mapping agency created transparent conditions and order went up 7000% for orthophotos. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    12. 12. 4/ Public task description clarity : food for thought <ul><li>Borderline between public and non public sector activities of public sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If public sector goes producing mainstream, leaves little room for private actors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cross-subsidising where a public sector would use its raw information to develop further value added services under more favorable market conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Alignmnent needed between information publicly available and need of private users. </li></ul>
    13. 13. 4/ INSPIRE: food for thought <ul><li>INSPIRE directive (2007/2//EC) mentions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The provision goes to help raise awareness and increase visibility of all initiatives promoting the use and re-use of data. Article 11 and 15 of the directive require direct access to data sets and services. </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. 5/ Conclusion <ul><li>INSPIRE= what needs to be done </li></ul><ul><li>Various initiatives without clear vision= what is actually done </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance economic activity through availability of public sector data = what should be done </li></ul><ul><li>Need of plateforms that combine efficiently dynamic and heterogenous information= what technolgy is capable to do </li></ul><ul><li>Find solution for juridical uncertainties = what can be done </li></ul>
    15. 15. Contact <ul><li>Tanguy De Lestré </li></ul><ul><li>Project Manager </li></ul><ul><li>AGORIA Diamant Building Bd. A. Reyers ln, 80 1030 BRUSSEL </li></ul><ul><li>Tel : 02 706 79 92 </li></ul><ul><li>Fax : 02 706 80 09 </li></ul><ul><li>E-mail : tanguy.delestre @ </li></ul><ul><li>Web: </li></ul>