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3. La Haine QuickTimeª and a decompressorare needed to see this picture.
4. Main Themes to look at…• B&W Cinematography• Underbelly of Paris (Banlieue’s)• Youth Issues• 3 Characters
5. B&W Cinematography- Documentary Style - Link to Opening of Film- Bleached & Stark- Plain - Nothingness- No ‘Light’- Represents the lives of the Youth- Represents how France want the Banlieue’s to be
6. To look at these…• Underbelly of Paris (Banlieue’s)• Youth IssuesWe need to look at the context…
7. Social, historical and political ContextsThe projects or, les banlieues:- Banlieues are satellite ‘new towns’ (for which read housing estates for the poor) upto twenty miles out of Paris that almost seem designed to keep the poor out of themiddle-class centre of the city- The ‘new town’ in which La Haine was filmed had at the time an official populationof 10,000 made up of sixty different nationalities or ethnicities- These are stereotyped in the media as places of urban deprivation crime and druguse.
8. The French Empire and Imperialism...− France was a major colonial power in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries with colonies inAfrica, the Caribbean and South-East Asia.-Thε struggle for independence was particularly bitter in some countries such as Algeria SAID!(which gained independence in 1962) and Vietnam (where the French were defeated at Dien BienPhu in 1954).-Some Colonies, like Martinique, remain and are able to send representatives to the FrenchAssembly. Other former colonies, like Senegal, remain closely linked to France and French culture.-French Policy towards non – white ethnic groups has always been on of ‘assimilation’ with peoplebeing expected to take on French cultural norms and values. Many Algerians, Moroccans Tunisians,in particular, who went to France to work during the 1960s, have to a greater or lesser extentresisted this policy.-Maintaining the purity of the French language both at home and abroad was given a much higherpriority than the British gave to upholding the English usage in their colonies- Verlan, or backslang’, began around Paris in the 1980s, among second generation ethnicminority young people who saw themselves as positioned between their parents’ culture andFrench culture.
9. Racism− Ι µmigration was limited by the French government during the economic crisis ofthe early 1970s.- Facsist far-right groups (as in many other European countries during the period)have consistently blamed unemployment on immigrants.- In tηε 1980s the National Front began to win some local elections and evenparliamentary seats, especially in South and Southwest France.- Those Who administered Vichy France during the Second World War collaborated insending French Jews to the concentration camps- Kassovitz father (who himself fled Hungary in 1956) was the son of a concentrationcamp survivor.CAN LINK TO UK
10. The Police and Racism− There are two main police groups in the film: the neighborhood plain clothespolice (apparent good guys!) and the riot police- Racism (as in the UK) has been seen to be a particular problem in the policeforce.- Therε were over 300 deaths in police custody or from police action from 1980to 1995 when the film was made.
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12. The Characters…The three men all share the sameenvironment and experience the QuickTimeª and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.same events but bring differentperspectives to bear on their commonssituation. Each of the film’s characters comes from one of the three groups most visible as outsiders in today’s France.
13. Hubert QuickTimeª and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.Hubert, a young African, is a small-time hashish dealer whose boxinggym was destroyed in the vandalism of the riots. He seems to be themost rational of the three friends, but now that his life’s work has beentaken away from him, he will do anything to escape his neighborhood.Hubert is more of an observer, calming the other two when passionsrise. He seems older and more sensitive to people and events andacts as the peacemaker.
14. Said QuickTimeª and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.Saïd, an Arab, seems unwilling to acknowledge the problems of hissurroundings except by expressing amazement or incomprehension ofthem.Said is again, like Vinz, quick to respond, but appears to be lessmotivated by hate and more by what he sees as self-respect. Hisaggression is less damaging and at times, more humorous.
15. Vinz QuickTimeª and a Vinz is a Jewish youth who finds a gun decompressor are needed to see this picture. that was lost by a police officer during the riots. He is the angriest of the three and does not hesitate to offer violence as a means of releasing his bitterness. Vinz is the character who is central to most of the action and comes across as the stereotypical ‘angry young man’. He rarely stops to think about what he is doing or saying, and ploughs straight in, often inflaming and infuriating the situation, with disastrous consequences.