Open Educational Resources
Tracy Croshaw, ASL Instructor,
Yakima Valley Community College
A presentation to share some information I learned from the course:
How to Use Open Educational Resources (OER), winter
cohort 2014, taught by Boyoung Chae, Ph.D.
Program administrator, Open Education and
eLearning, Washington State Board for Community and
OER Presentation is licensed under a Creative Commons
Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
What are OER?
• Open Educational Resources (OER) are educational
materials in any medium that reside in the
public domain or have been released under an
open license that permits their
free use and re-purposing by others. (definition by
Hewlett Foundation … highlighting mine).
• OER examples include photos/digital
images, videos, audio/music files, full
courses, workshops, textbooks, tests and
• Password: OER by Laura Rachfalski, CC-BY
Works that never qualified for copyright protection – like
facts, ideas or methods of operation – or
creative work whose copyright has expired (e.g. Mark
Twain’s novels). Since all copyrights in the United States
expire, every creative work will eventually become part of
the public domain.
(definition of what is in the public domain by Creative Commons US)
Helpful online resources:
1) Copyright Term and the Public Domain in the United States by
Peter B. Hirtle is an updated chart licensed under the Creative
Commons Attribution 3.0 License
2) Public Domain Sherpa is a website with a copyright calculator
created by an attorney named Barbara and licensed under CC BYNC-ND 3.0
Difference between open license and copyright with all rights
reserved.jpg by Boyoung Chae is licensed under CC BY-NC
How to search for OER?
There’s always Google or your favorite
search engine, but here are a few other
helpful starting places to target what
• Creative Commons Search
• Open Professionals Education Network (OPEN)
How to create OER?
This is easy! No registration required.
Just decide on your license, and mark your
materials when you publish them.
1) Some sites have built-in ways to let users know your
2) Embed your license information in your materials
Six Creative Commons License Options
Potential Benefits of Using OER
Variety of materials
Students can study materials after the class is done
Allows collaboration across content area
Encourages global thinking
Reduced cost to students
Concerns with Using OER
Limited materials in some subjects
Material maintenance … if you build a program
on online resources, what if those
sites go down?
How do creators get paid? Just recognition?
Is it worthwhile?
Quality varies … can take a lot of time
searching and verifying
Creative Commons licenses cannot
Boyoung Chae, Program Administrator for Open
Education, Washington State Board for Community and
Classmates from How to Use Open Educational Resources
Class, Winter 2014 Cohort 1
MS PowerPoint design slides from
Others as credited on the previous slides