The Sounds Of Spanish

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A presentation to help your English-speaking brain say the sounds of Spanish correctly.

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The Sounds Of Spanish

  1. 1. The Sounds of Spanish <ul><li>How they are the same </li></ul><ul><li>How they are different </li></ul><ul><li>The “KEY” to good Spanish </li></ul><ul><li>The vowels </li></ul><ul><li>The consonants </li></ul><ul><li>Letter combinations </li></ul><ul><li>Pronunciation guidelines </li></ul>08/16/09 This material is the property of the AR Dept. of Education. It may be used and reproduced for non-profit, educational purposes only after contacting the ADE Distance Learning Center. TMR
  2. 2. The Sounds of Spanish <ul><li>How they are the same… </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly half the letters in the Spanish alphabet make the same sounds as they do in English. </li></ul><ul><li>Your English-speaking brain will say these correctly without any thought on your part. </li></ul><ul><li>That’s good news!! </li></ul>08/16/09 This material is the property of the AR Dept. of Education. It may be used and reproduced for non-profit, educational purposes only after contacting the ADE Distance Learning Center. TMR
  3. 3. The Sounds of Spanish <ul><li>How they are different… </li></ul><ul><li>There are three kinds of letters which make different sounds in Spanish. </li></ul><ul><li>Vowels </li></ul><ul><li>Consonants </li></ul><ul><li>Letter combinations </li></ul><ul><li>These are easy to learn!! </li></ul>08/16/09 This material is the property of the AR Dept. of Education. It may be used and reproduced for non-profit, educational purposes only after contacting the ADE Distance Learning Center. TMR
  4. 4. The Sounds of Spanish <ul><li>The “KEY” to good Spanish… </li></ul><ul><li>Learn the vowel sounds first. </li></ul><ul><li>Then add the consonants in. </li></ul><ul><li>Watch for letter combination sounds. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t be afraid to try! </li></ul>08/16/09 This material is the property of the AR Dept. of Education. It may be used and reproduced for non-profit, educational purposes only after contacting the ADE Distance Learning Center. TMR
  5. 5. The Sounds of Spanish <ul><li>The Vowels </li></ul>08/16/09 This material is the property of the AR Dept. of Education. It may be used and reproduced for non-profit, educational purposes only after contacting the ADE Distance Learning Center. TMR Even though the vowels are the same letters as in English, they make different sounds in Spanish. <ul><li>A E I O U </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Sounds of Spanish <ul><li>The letter A makes the sound of “a” like in “father.” </li></ul><ul><li>It sounds like ah.” </li></ul><ul><li>Say “ah” </li></ul><ul><li>Say casa ( kah -sah) </li></ul>08/16/09 This material is the property of the AR Dept. of Education. It may be used and reproduced for non-profit, educational purposes only after contacting the ADE Distance Learning Center. TMR
  7. 7. The Sounds of Spanish <ul><li>The letter E makes the sound of “e” like in “hey.” </li></ul><ul><li>It sounds like “eh.” </li></ul><ul><li>Say “eh.” </li></ul><ul><li>Say café (kah- feh ) </li></ul>08/16/09 This material is the property of the AR Dept. of Education. It may be used and reproduced for non-profit, educational purposes only after contacting the ADE Distance Learning Center. TMR
  8. 8. The Sounds of Spanish <ul><li>The letter I makes the sound of “i” like in “ski.” </li></ul><ul><li>It sounds like “ee.” </li></ul><ul><li>Say “ee.” </li></ul><ul><li>Say lápiz ( láh -pees) </li></ul>08/16/09 This material is the property of the AR Dept. of Education. It may be used and reproduced for non-profit, educational purposes only after contacting the ADE Distance Learning Center. TMR
  9. 9. The Sounds of Spanish <ul><li>The letter O makes the sound of “o” like in “go.” </li></ul><ul><li>It sounds like “oh.” </li></ul><ul><li>Say “oh.” </li></ul><ul><li>Say mono ( moh -noh) </li></ul>08/16/09 This material is the property of the AR Dept. of Education. It may be used and reproduced for non-profit, educational purposes only after contacting the ADE Distance Learning Center. TMR
  10. 10. The Sounds of Spanish <ul><li>The letter U makes the sound of “oo” like in “cuckoo.” </li></ul><ul><li>It sounds like “oo.” </li></ul><ul><li>Say “oo.” </li></ul><ul><li>Say música ( moo -see-kah) </li></ul>08/16/09 This material is the property of the AR Dept. of Education. It may be used and reproduced for non-profit, educational purposes only after contacting the ADE Distance Learning Center. TMR
  11. 11. The Sounds of Spanish <ul><li>The Consonants </li></ul>08/16/09 This material is the property of the AR Dept. of Education. It may be used and reproduced for non-profit, educational purposes only after contacting the ADE Distance Learning Center. TMR <ul><li>B/V G H J Ñ Z </li></ul><ul><li>These are easy to learn! </li></ul><ul><li>There are many consonants in Spanish that look the same as the letters in English but they sound different. </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Sounds of Spanish <ul><li>B and V sound enough alike to be the same in Spanish. </li></ul><ul><li>There is no vibration for the V sound. </li></ul><ul><li>Make the sound of a soft “b” like in “boy” and use it for both B and V. </li></ul>08/16/09 This material is the property of the AR Dept. of Education. It may be used and reproduced for non-profit, educational purposes only after contacting the ADE Distance Learning Center. TMR boca= boh -ka vaca= bah -ka start with the same sound.
  13. 13. The Sounds of Spanish <ul><li>The letter G in Spanish makes two sounds just as it does in English. </li></ul>08/16/09 This material is the property of the AR Dept. of Education. It may be used and reproduced for non-profit, educational purposes only after contacting the ADE Distance Learning Center. TMR Gato= gah -toh Gente = hehn -teh <ul><li>The hard G is the same as in English. </li></ul><ul><li>The soft G sound sounds like our letter “h” in “hen.” </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Sounds of Spanish <ul><li>The letter H is silent in Spanish. </li></ul><ul><li>It makes no sound. </li></ul><ul><li>It is like the letter “h” in the English word “hour.” </li></ul><ul><li>Hombre is pronounced “ ohm -breh.” </li></ul>08/16/09 This material is the property of the AR Dept. of Education. It may be used and reproduced for non-profit, educational purposes only after contacting the ADE Distance Learning Center. TMR hombre
  15. 15. The Sounds of Spanish <ul><li>The letter J in Spanish makes the sound of “h” like in “hard.” </li></ul><ul><li>Jardín is pronounced hahr- deen. </li></ul>08/16/09 This material is the property of the AR Dept. of Education. It may be used and reproduced for non-profit, educational purposes only after contacting the ADE Distance Learning Center. TMR jardín
  16. 16. The Sounds of Spanish <ul><li>The letter Ñ in Spanish makes the sound of “ny” like in the word “onion.” </li></ul><ul><li>It sounds like “nya.” </li></ul><ul><li>It has a tilde over it to show that it does not make the regular “n” sound. </li></ul>08/16/09 This material is the property of the AR Dept. of Education. It may be used and reproduced for non-profit, educational purposes only after contacting the ADE Distance Learning Center. TMR Niños= nee -nyohs
  17. 17. The Sounds of Spanish <ul><li>The letter “Z” in Spanish makes the sound “S” like in “simple.” </li></ul><ul><li>There is no vibration for the “Z” sound. </li></ul>08/16/09 This material is the property of the AR Dept. of Education. It may be used and reproduced for non-profit, educational purposes only after contacting the ADE Distance Learning Center. TMR zapato = sah- pah -toh
  18. 18. The Sounds of Spanish <ul><li>Letter Combinations </li></ul>08/16/09 This material is the property of the AR Dept. of Education. It may be used and reproduced for non-profit, educational purposes only after contacting the ADE Distance Learning Center. TMR <ul><li>CH CU GU LL QU RR </li></ul>Some letter combinations make special sounds in Spanish that are different than in English. Pay attention to these!
  19. 19. The Sounds of Spanish <ul><li>The letter combination CH in Spanish sounds the same as in English. </li></ul><ul><li>However, it is considered a letter in Spanish and has its own section in many dictionaries. </li></ul>08/16/09 This material is the property of the AR Dept. of Education. It may be used and reproduced for non-profit, educational purposes only after contacting the ADE Distance Learning Center. TMR chile = chee -leh
  20. 20. The Sounds of Spanish <ul><li>In Spanish, if the letter combination CU is followed by a vowel it makes the sound “kw” like in “quarter.” </li></ul>08/16/09 This material is the property of the AR Dept. of Education. It may be used and reproduced for non-profit, educational purposes only after contacting the ADE Distance Learning Center. TMR cuaderno = kwah- dehr -noh cucharas = koo- chah -rahs <ul><li>If CU is followed by a consonant, it sounds like “koo” as in cuckoo. </li></ul>
  21. 21. The Sounds of Spanish <ul><li>In Spanish, if the letter combination GU is followed by an “a” it makes the sound “gw” like in “guacamole.” </li></ul>08/16/09 This material is the property of the AR Dept. of Education. It may be used and reproduced for non-profit, educational purposes only after contacting the ADE Distance Learning Center. TMR guantes = gwahn -tehs guitarra = gee- tahr- rrah <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If GU is followed by a consonant or one of the other vowels, it makes the hard G sound. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  22. 22. The Sounds of Spanish <ul><li>In Spanish, the letters “LL” together make a sound like the “y” in “yam.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ LL” sounds like “ya.” </li></ul><ul><li>It does not sound like the English “L.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Llama” is pronounced “ yah -mah.” </li></ul>08/16/09 This material is the property of the AR Dept. of Education. It may be used and reproduced for non-profit, educational purposes only after contacting the ADE Distance Learning Center. TMR llama
  23. 23. The Sounds of Spanish <ul><li>In Spanish, the letter combination QU makes the sound “k” as in “king.” </li></ul>08/16/09 This material is the property of the AR Dept. of Education. It may be used and reproduced for non-profit, educational purposes only after contacting the ADE Distance Learning Center. TMR queso = keh -soh
  24. 24. The Sounds of Spanish <ul><li>In Spanish, the letter combination RR is a trilled “r” sound. </li></ul><ul><li>The sound is trilled with the tip of the tongue against the roof of the mouth. </li></ul>08/16/09 This material is the property of the AR Dept. of Education. It may be used and reproduced for non-profit, educational purposes only after contacting the ADE Distance Learning Center. TMR perro = pehr -rroh
  25. 25. The Sounds of Spanish <ul><li>Pronunciation guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Use the guides on the next page to sound out words in Spanish. </li></ul><ul><li>Write the Spanish word with these guides to make sure you are pronouncing it correctly. </li></ul><ul><li>When you read the word using these guides, your English-speaking brain will make the correct sounds for the Spanish words. </li></ul>08/16/09 This material is the property of the AR Dept. of Education. It may be used and reproduced for non-profit, educational purposes only after contacting the ADE Distance Learning Center. TMR
  26. 26. 08/16/09 This material is the property of the AR Dept. of Education. It may be used and reproduced for non-profit, educational purposes only after contacting the ADE Distance Learning Center. TMR A = ah E=eh I= ee O = oh U = oo B=B V=B G  a, o = G G  e, I = H H = no sound J = H Ñ = ny Z = S CH=ch CU  vowel = kw GU  A = gwa LL = y QU = K RR = rrr = means sounds like  means followed by
  27. 27. The Sounds of Spanish <ul><li>Casa ( kah -sah) - house </li></ul><ul><li>Café ( kah -feh) -coffee </li></ul><ul><li>L á piz ( lah -pees) -pencil </li></ul><ul><li>Mono ( moh -noh) -monkey </li></ul><ul><li>Música ( moo -see-cah) -music </li></ul><ul><li>Boca ( boh -cah) -mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Vaca ( bah -cah) -cow </li></ul><ul><li>Gato ( gah -toh) -cat </li></ul>08/16/09 This material is the property of the AR Dept. of Education. It may be used and reproduced for non-profit, educational purposes only after contacting the ADE Distance Learning Center. TMR <ul><li>Gente ( hehn -the) -people </li></ul><ul><li>Hombre ( ohm -breh) -man </li></ul><ul><li>Jardín (hahr- deen ) -garden </li></ul><ul><li>Niños ( nee -nyohs) -kids </li></ul><ul><li>Zapato (sah- pah -toh) -shoe </li></ul><ul><li>Chile ( chee -leh) -pepper </li></ul><ul><li>Cuaderno (kwah- dehr -noh) -notebook </li></ul><ul><li>Guantes ( gwahn -tehs) -gloves </li></ul>

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