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    The+things+they+carried The+things+they+carried Presentation Transcript

    • The Things They CarriedAn introduction to Tim O’Brien and his fictional account of the Vietnam War
    • Prior Knowledge (Vocabulary)  Fabricated  Psychological warfare  Propaganda  Communists  Protagonist Vocabulary
    • Fabricated Made up, created. – The child fabricated a lie when asked how the lamp became broken. – The child made up a lie when asked how the lamp became broken. Vocabularyback
    • Psychological Warfare Tactics that use propaganda to try to demoralize an enemy in war, usually including the civilian population Vocabularyback
    • Propaganda Something communicated in a biased way in order to shape or change the ideas of a targeted audience information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, n ation, etc. Vocabularyback
    • Communists One who believes in a system of government in which the state plans and controls the economy shares all goods equally with the people Create closed state economies that barely trade with capitalist countries Vocabularyback
    • Protagonist The central figure of a story; The character with the lead role. Vocabularyback
    • Relevant Facts About the Vietnam War No fixed date that the US entered into war with Vietnam Series of steps from 1950 – 1965 See notes Vietnam
    • Relevant Facts about the Vietnam War Eisenhower fabricated a government of South Vietnam – Advisers used psychological warfare against North Vietnam – ten’s of thousands of leaflets dropped… Vietnam
    • Vietnam Timeline– 1950 – Truman sent economic and military aid to the French who were trying to retain hold on their Indochina colony.– 1954 – The defeated French conceded to a communist government north of the 17th parallel.– 1960 – JFK approves Aid– 1964 – US began sending combat troops as a result of The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. Vietnam
    • Vietnam Timeline– 1965 – 1966 Military escalation because S. Vietnam couldn’t handle things– 1967 – Draft began. Antiwar Protests happening across US– 1969 –My Lai Massacre where US soldiers kill a village full of civilians– 1972 – Ceasefire– 1973 – Paris Peace AgreementClick here for an online timeline offered by Vietnam
    • Vietnam Demographics  Location  Religion  People Vietnam
    • Vietnam Demographics Location – South of China, East of Laos and Cambodia, West of South China SeaHere is aninterestinginteractive map ofplaces mentionedin the book Vietnam
    • Religion Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, Christiani ty, and Tam Giao (tri-religion, …) Vietnam
    • Religions 100 80 60 40 20 0 Buddhist Catholic Other* NonePercentage of 9.3 6.7 3.2 80.8practicing members *Other religions include: Hoa Hao (1.5%), Cao Dai (1.1%), Protestant (.5%, and Muslim (.1%)
    • People of Vietnam80% ethnic Vietnamese20% - 50+ different ethnic minority groups, hilltribesLanguages spoken:Vietnamese, Chinese, English, French, Russian Vietnam
    • What Do You Need to Know About the Book Before Reading It? It is ALL fiction. Facts are important but not central to our novel study. Emotional effect of incidents is what is important. Literary effects are also integral.
    • Tim O’Brien (author) vs. “Tim O’Brien” (character, narrator) Protagonist and sometime narrator is “Tim O’Brien”. This “Tim O’Brien” in the book is NOT REAL. Even when “Tim O’Brien” talks directly to the reader, it is the fictional “Tim”.
    • Example of the narrator “TimO’Brien” speaking directly to the reader “Now and then, when I tell this story [about the babywater buffalo], someone will come up to me afterwardand say she liked it. It’s always a woman. “…. What Ishould do”, she’ll say, “is put it all behind me. Find newstories to tell.” “I wont say it but I’ll think it. “I’ll picture Rat Kiley’s face, his grief, and I’ll think,You dumb cooze. “Because she wasn’t listening. “It wasn’t a war story. It was a love story.” ~ “How to Tell a True War Story”, pgs 84 - 85
    • Tim O’Brien The author Tim did actually go to Vietnam and really was in the Alpha Company, but is writing a fictional account. Tim OBrien
    • Literary Devices found inThe Things They Carried Imagery Mood Point of View Characterization Symbolism Metaphor Irony Lit devices
    •  Vivid language that puts a picture in the mind of the reader Example: – “His jaw was in his throat, his upper lip and teeth were gone, his one eye was shut, his other eye was a star-shaped hole…” (pg. 124) Lit devices
    •  Feeling author wants the reader to have while reading Example: – In the story “Ghost Soldiers” Tim wants the reader to feel the fear of being on night watch. Lit devices
    •  The attitude or outlook of a narrator or character. Example: – The narrator “Tim O’Brien” is against war and thinks himself a coward for going to Vietnam Lit devices
    •  What the characters are like; their personalities Example: – Henry Dobbins is superstitious and believes in luck because he carries extra rations and his girlfriend’s pantyhose. Lit devices
    •  Compare two things that are unlike in any way (without using like or as) Example: – The disjointed telling of the story is a metaphor for life as a soldier in Vietnam Lit devices
    •  An object that represents a larger idea Example – The Silver Star is a medal that symbolizes courage and honor Lit devices
    •  The opposite of what is expected happens Example: – When two characters are goofing off and having a good time, a bomb goes off and kills one. Lit devices
    • Tim OBrien biography: The Early Years Born in Austin on Oct. 1, 1946 and grew up in a small town in Minnesota – He shares this birth date with several of his characters Dad was an insurance salesman Mom was an elementary school teacher Tim OBrien
    • Tim OBrien Biography: College Life Political science major at Macalester College, attended peace vigils and war protests Graduated in 1968 Tim OBrien
    • Tim OBrien Biography: To Go to War? Received his draft notice upon graduation Was against the war - hated Boy Scouts, bugs, and rifles. Considered deserting to Canada once he received his classification as an infantryman Tim OBrien
    • Tim OBrien Biography: In Vietnam Assigned to the 3rd Platoon, Alpha Company, 5th battalion, 46th Infantry as a foot soldier Served in Vietnam from 1969-1970 Returned home with a Purple Heart – Was wounded by shrapnel from a hand grenade Tim OBrien
    • Tim OBrien Biography: Views on Vietnam Now believes it was an act of cowardice to go to war instead of fleeing to Canada Was 22 years old and feared the disapproval of his family and friends, his townspeople and country Hated every minute of Vietnam Tim OBrien
    • Tim OBrien Biography: Life after Vietnam After returning to the states, he became a grad student at Harvard. Left Harvard to become a newspaper reporter for The Washington Post. Began writing fiction about Vietnam Tim OBrien
    • Works by Tim O’Brien If I Die in Combat (1973) Northern Lights (1975) Going after Cacciato (1978) The Nuclear Age (1985) The Things They Carried (1990) In the Lake of the Woods (1994) Tim OBrien
    • Tim OBrien Biography: Current Whereabouts He is an editor for the New York Times. Is frequently a guest journalist for CNN Is also writing a series of Historical Thrillers. Tim OBrien
    • Tim O’Brien Claims he still gets calls from people, asking questions, offering their own opinions about what happened. They want to know, missing the point of the novel, that life often does not offer solutions or resolutions, that it is impossible to know completely what secrets lurk within people Tim OBrien
    • Abbreviations found in The Things They CarriedAbbreviation Part of Definition speechSOP N Standard Operating ProcedureCO N Commanding OfficerPFC N Private First Class (rank)RTO N Radio Transmissions OfficerLP N Language/Listening PatrolCS N Tear gasMRE N Meal ready to eatVC N Viet Cong Vocabulary
    • Resources