Common Herbs and their properties


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Common Herbs and their properties

  1. 1. Properties of Herbs and their Primary Functions Character TasteChinese Primary Functions Part used (Pinyin)甘 草 Root Gan Cao Regulates the function of the stomach, Invigorates the spleen, Qi tonifying, Lung clearing, latent-heat clearing, detoxicant , anti- Neutral Sweet inflammatory, harmonizing and regulating to the twelve organs黄 芪 Root Huang Qi Tonify qi, regulate immune functions, strength, resistance, build blood, strengthen upright qi slightly warm Sweet肉 苁 蓉 Pulpy Stem Rou Cong Rong Tonify the kidneys, reinforcing yang, replenishing vital essence and blood, moistening the bowels Warm Sweet-sour北 沙 参 Root Bai Sha Shen Tonify yin and produce fluids Tonify the Lungs cool Sweet枸 杞 子 Fruit Gou Qi Zi Tonifies the kidneys and promotes the production of esence, Neutral Sweet strengthens the legs, nourishes the liver and brightens the eyes, moistens the Lungs山 药 Peeled rhizome Shan Yao Qi tonic, Yin Jing tonic, tonic to yin of Lungs and stomach , astringent of kidneys杜 仲 Bark from the trunk of the Du Zhong Nourishing the kidneys and liver, strenghtens the bone ligaments and tree Bitter muscles, hypotensive and benefitting the uterus and fetus during (warm) pregnacny Contributed by SOHA Institute 2012
  2. 2. Character TasteChinese Primary Functions Part used (Pinyin)灵 芝 Fruiting body spores and Ling Zhi Nourishing tonic, tonic to the three treasures (jing, qi and shen) sometimes the mycelium builds body resistance detoxifying, aphrodisiac, sedative, prolongs life and enhances intelligence and wisdom warm bitter大 枣 Fruit Da Zao Replenishing qi in the middle burning space (spleen and stomach), nourishes blood, soothes the mind, moderates the aetious of othe warm Sweet herbs in a formulda人 参 Root Ren cen Tonify qi, adaptogenic, immune modulator, prolong life, overcome warm Sweet, bitter fatigue, increase blood volume, aid in revovery form illness or trauma, sharpen and calm the mind, stabilize the emotions, counteract stress and enhance wisdom当 归 Root Dang Gui Blood tonic, blood stimulant, menstruation-corrective analgesic warm sweet, pungent bitter党 参 Root Dang Shen Qi and blood tonic, Tonifies spleen and lungs and mildly invigorates neutral Sweet茯 苓 Fungal mass Fu Ling To strengthen the spleen and transform dampness, to stabilize shen Neutral Sweet-neutral and calm the mind白 术 Rhizome Bai Zhu Qi tonic, aids digestion and invigorates the Yang warm Sweet , bitter天 麻 Rhizome Tian ma Calms the liver, calms the nerves, controls spasms and tremors, warm bitter relieves pain Contributed by SOHA Institute 2012
  3. 3. Character TasteChinese Primary Functions Part used (Pinyin)牛 七 Root Niu qi Strenghtens the bones, joints and ligaments and tonifies the kidneys Neutral bitter, sour and liver, invigorates the blood, benefits the lower back and moves energy downward冬虫夏草 Cordyceps Dong Chong To nourish jing for yin and yang, to strenghten the kidneys and lungs sinensis Xia Cao and tonify Qi, to relieve depression of the liver Qi warm Sweet白 芍 Root Bai Shao To nourish blood and consolidate yin, to soothe the liver, to cleanse Slightly cold sour, bitter the blood and to stop pain川 芎 Rhizome Chuan Xiong Vitalizes the blood, promotes the circulation of blood and Qi, warm Pungent/bitter nourishes bloods, relieves wind condition, analgesic龙眼肉 Aril Long Yan Rou Nourishes the blood, calms the mind, strenghtens the spleen and warm Sweet tonifies qi罗 汉 果 Fruit Luo Han Guo Nourishes yin, moistens the lungs, skin and stomach Neutral sweet百 合 Bulb Bai He Moistens the lungs, relieves, cough, clears heat in the heart, calms cool sweet the mind and stabilizes the spirit何 首 乌 Tuberous root He Shou Wu As a tonic to the kidney and liver functions, toning up the vital slightly warm sweet/bitter essence and blood, fortifying the muscles, tendons, and bones and to prevent premature aging, maintaining the youthful condition and color of the hair, strengthening sperm and ova, fortifying the back and knees and as the premier longevity herb of chinese tonic herbalism Contributed by SOHA Institute 2012
  4. 4. Character TasteChinese Primary Functions Part used (Pinyin)玉 竹 Root Yu Zhu Tonify yin and produce fluids cool sweet Tonify the Lungs and Stomach陈 皮 The peel of the ripe Chen Pi Regulates Qi and normalizes the function of the spleen and stomach tangerines, sun-dried and aged naturally bitter warm西 洋 参 Root Xi Yang Shen An adaptogen to replenish qi, topromote body fluids, to nourish yin cool sweet, slightlybitter and clear heat熟 地 黄 Tuberous root Shu Di Huang To tonify the kidneys and nourish yin jing slightly warm Sweet, Shen Di Huang To cool down the heat of the blood生 地 黄三 七 Root San Qi or Tian Qi Cooked – as a blood and yin tonic warm sweet, bitter Raw – to stop bleeding and transform congealed blood菊 花 Flower Ju Hua Clear the liver and eyes, nourishes yin of kidney and liver , disperses cool sweet-bitter heat and wind杏 仁 Seeds Xing Ren Relieves coughs, anti-asthmatic, antibacterial, antiparasitic, anagesic slightly warm (toxic) bitter川 贝 Bulb Chuan Bei Mu Relieves coughs, lower blood pressure, muscle relaxant slightly cold bitter, sweet薏 苡 仁 Seeds Yi Yi Ren Tonic to spleen and skin, promoting the flow of moisture cool Sweet Contributed by SOHA Institute 2012
  5. 5. Character TasteChinese Primary Functions Part used (Pinyin)莲 子 Seeds Lian Zi To tonify the spleen, sending water to the kidneys and nutrients cooling-neutral Sweet around the body芡 实 Seeds Quan See To tonify the spleen, sending water to the kidneys and nutrients cooling-neutral sour around the body白 芷 Root Bai Zhi To clear wind, especially in wind-cold syndromes Warm bitter/Pungent To removes pus and bring down swellings To relieve pain and headaches and dry dampness小 茴 香 Seeds Xiao Hui Xiang To regulate Qi and alleviate pain warm Pungent/bitter To warm the stomach and middle jiao 威灵仙 Warm Pungent/salty To dispel wind and dampness Root Wei Ling Xian To invigorate the circulation of Qi in all the meridians 山 楂 Slightly warm Sour/Sweet To eliminate food stagnation and improve digestion Fruit Shan Zha To invigorate blood circulation and clear blood stagnation Contributed by SOHA Institute 2012
  6. 6. Chinese Character Taste Primary Functions Part used (Pinyin)旱 莲 草 Cold Sweet/Sour To nourish liver and kidney yin Aerial parts Han Lian Cao To clear heat from the blood and stop bleeding地 肤 子 Cold Pungent/ bitter To disperse heat Seed Di Fu Zi To clear the water detention To stop itch To regulate water metabolism蛇 床 子 Warm Pungent/bitter Note: Little toxin Seed She Chuang Zi To warm the kidney & nourish kidney To dispel wind and antibacterial夏枯草 Cold Bitter To clear heat from liver Flower Spike Xia Ku Cao To lower blood pressure To stimulate urine flow Wound herb蒲 公 英 Cold Bitter/Sweet To clear heat fire toxin Aerial parts Pu Gong Ying To dissipate nodules and swelling To regulate water metabolism 石 斛 Slightly cold Sweet / slightly sour To nourish Yin and essence, clear heat Stems Shi Hu To nourish stomach and lung yin To encourage fluid secretion, prolong life and fortify Yin To increase sexual vigour金 银 花 Cold Sweet To clear heat and fire toxin Flowers Jin Yin Hua To expel wind-heat To dissipate nodules and swelling Contributed by SOHA Institute 2012
  7. 7. Chinese Character Taste Primary Functions Part used (Pinyin)浙 贝 母 Cold Bitter To clear and transform heat and phlegm Bulb Zhe Bei Mu To stop cough To disperse hard lumps and swelling 石 膏 Cold Sweet/Pungent To clear heat and fire toxin from the stomach Mineral Stone Shi Gao 合 桃 Warm Sweet To reinforce kidney yang and strengthen the back Seeds He Tao To warm and strengthen lung Qi To moisten the intestines acting as a laxative 艾 叶 Warm Pungent/Bitter To warm the meridians Leaves Ai Ye To stop bleeding To dispel cold and pain To clear phlegm in cough and asthma 姜 黄 Warm Pungent-Bitter To stop pain and promote circulation of blood flow Root Jiang Huang 滑石 Cold Sweet To promote urine flow Mineral stone Hua Shi To clear heat and regulate water metabolism 麦 冬 Slightly cold Sweet-Bitter To clear heat from lung, body fluids Root Mai Dong Moisten lung and strengthen the essence to stomach To tonify heart and calm the spirit白 附 子 Warm Pungent To upwardly flowing lung and stomach Qi Root Bai Fu Zi To stop stagnation phlegm in the lung 苍 术 Warm Pungent-bitter To dry dampness and tonify spleen Root Cang Zhu To expel external wind, dampness and cold To clear dampness in the San Jiao Contributed by SOHA Institute 2012
  8. 8. Chinese Character Taste Primary Functions Part used (Pinyin)吴 茱 萸 Hot Pungent/bitter To warm the spleen and stomach Fruit Wu Zhu Yu To dispel cold and relieve pain To reverse flow of Qi 半 夏 Warm Pungent To clear phlegm and dampness Root Ban Xia To disperse lumps and swellings Reverse flow of Qi白石子 Warm Sour To stop blood bleeding Mineral Stone Bai Shi Zi To stop diarrhoea To strengthen the stomach 白 米 Warm Sweet/Neutral To tonify Qi, blood, spleen & stomach(新 米) Seed White rice (New) To relieves diarrhoea To quench thirst & relieve mental depression 白 米 Cold Sweet To relieve heat, urine and to quench thirst(旧 米) Seed White rice (old) 糯 米 Warm Sweet To tonify Qi & blood Seed Glutinous Rice To warm spleen & stomach To astringe urine and sedate yin 姜 Warm Pungent To warm lungs, releases the exterior by inducing sweating Root Ginger To relieve cold, vomiting and to strengthen Wei Qi To warm the stomach 绿 豆 Cool Sweet To relieve heat, urine and quench thirst Seed Lv Dou (Green Bean) To tonify the kidney yin, expel heat from the stomach, spleen and kidney Contributed by SOHA Institute 2012
  9. 9. Chinese Character Taste Primary Functions Part used (Pinyin) 红 豆 Neutral Sweet/Sour To regulate water metabolism & to clear dampness Seed Hong Dou (Red bean) To clear inflammation 白 果 Neutral Sweet/Bitter To tonify lung, nourish spleen & relieve cough Seed Bai Guo Frequent urination白 木 耳 Neutral Sweet To moisten lung Fungus Bai Mu Er To tonify yin, produce fluids To clear heat from liver 玉 米 Neutral Sweet To strengthen the stomach and regulate the middle chiao Seed Corn For loss of appetite and difficult urination To tonify spleen and regulate water metabolism 香 菇 Neutral Sweet To tonify Qi, blood, heat yang and to clam spirit Fungus Mushroom Anti-tumor, to lower blood pressure 芦 荟 Neutral Bitter To tonify kidney, sedate heat , sharpen vision, cool yang, relieves Leave Lu Hui (Aloe Vera) heat from the liver To tonify spleen and as a laxative 绿 茶 Cold Bitter To clear heat Leave Green Tea To nourish yin and essence and stomach digestion 红 茶 Warm Sweet To calm spirit and to relieve stomach tension Leave Red Tea 羊 奶 Warm Sweet To tonify lung & kidney Goat milk To lubricate the stomach and intestines 牛 奶 Cold Sweet To strengthen the body Cow milk To lubricate stomach and intestine Contributed by SOHA Institute 2012
  10. 10. Contributed by SOHA Institute 2012