What is a “Casino”?In modern English, a casino is a facility whichhouses and accommodates certain types ofgambling activities. Casinos are most commonlybuilt near or combined with hotels, restaurants,retail shopping, cruise ships or other touristattractions. There is much debate over whether ornot the social and economic consequences ofcasino gambling outweigh the initial revenue thatmay be generated. In the United States, manystates are grappling with high unemployment andbudget deficits and are now turning to legalizingcasinos, often in places that are not touristdestinations. Some casinos are also known forhosting live entertainment events, such as stand-up comedy, concerts, and sporting events. Use ofthe word in the past, and modern use in somecountries, does not necessarily involve gambling.
Opening Discussion• Do you like gambling?• Have you ever played any casino games? When and where?• Have you ever won or lost a lot of money through gambling?• Which part of our character makes so many of us interested in gambling?
Craps Craps is a dice game in which the players make wagers on the outcome of the roll, or a series of rolls, of a pair of dice. Players may wager money against each other (street craps, also known as shooting dice or rolling dice) or a bank (casino craps, also known as table craps). Because it requires little equipment, street craps can be played in informal settings.
RouletteRoulette is a casino game namedafter a French diminutive for littlewheel. In the game, players maychoose to place bets on either asingle number or a range ofnumbers, the colors red or black, orwhether the number is odd or even.To determine the winning numberand color, a croupier spins a wheel inone direction, then spins a ball in theopposite direction around a tiltedcircular track running around thecircumference of the wheel. The balleventually loses momentum and fallson to the wheel and into one of 37(in French/European roulette) or 38(in American roulette) colored andnumbered pockets on the wheel.
Blackjack Blackjack, also known as Twenty-one or Vingt-et-un (French: "twenty-one"), is the most widely played casino banking game in the world. Blackjack is a comparing card game between a player and dealer and played with one or more French decks of 52 cards. The player is dealt an initial two card hand with the option of drawing cards to bring the total value to 21 or less without exceeding it, so that the dealer will lose by having a lesser hand than the player or by exceeding 21. Many rule variations of blackjack exist. Since the 1960s, blackjack has been a high profile target of advantage players, particularly card counters, who track the profile of cards yet to be dealt, and adapt their wager and playing strategy accordingly.
BaccaratBaccarat is a card game, playedat casinos and by gamblers. It isbelieved to have beenintroduced into France from Italyduring the reign of King CharlesVIII (ruled 1483–98).Baccarat is a comparing cardgame played between twohands, the "player" and the"banker". Each baccarat coup has In Baccarat, cards 2–9 are worth face value, 10sthree possible outcomes: and J, Q K are worth zero, and Aces are worth 1"player" (player has the higher point. Hands are valued according to thescore), "banker", and "tie". rightmost digit of the sum of their constituent cards: for example, a hand consisting of 2 and 3 is worth 5, but a hand consisting of 6 and 7 is worth 3 (the rightmost digit of the total, 13). The highest possible hand value is 9.
What do you think?• What forms of gambling are legal and illegal in your country?• Do you prefer card games or other types of games?• What kinds of games are played in casinos in Macau?• What are some other casino games you have heard of?
The DealerA croupier or dealer is someoneappointed at a gambling table to assistin the conduct of the game, especially inthe distribution of bets and payouts.Croupiers are typically employed bycasinos.Training methods to become a casinocroupier are different from country tocountry. In America, blackjack is almostalways the game that dealers learn first,as it is simple and popular, and whenthe dealer makes errors, they tend notto cost the casino much money.Complex, busy games such as craps,with complicated payout systems, etc.,are usually reserved for the mostcompetent, and/or ambitious dealers.
Card Counting Card counting is a casino card game strategy used primarily in blackjack to determine whether the next hand is likely to be good for the player or not. Card counters attempt to decrease the inherent casino house edge by keeping track of all the high and low valued cards seen by the player. Card counting allows players to bet more with less risk when the count gives an advantage as well as minimize losses during an unfavorable count. Card counters are not welcome in many casinos, so they often keep this strategy a secret.
Betting SystemsA betting system is a way of gamblingdesigned help the gambler win moremoney and lose less.The simplest strategy is the Martingalesystem. This strategy has the gamblerdouble his bet after every loss, so that thefirst win would recover all previous lossesplus win a profit equal to the originalstake. Since a gambler with infinite wealthwill, almost surely, eventually flip heads,the Martingale betting strategy was seenas a sure thing by those who advocated it.Unfortunately, since most gamblers do nohave an infinite amount of money, thisstrategy can lead to disaster.
What do you think?• Do you think the life of a professional gambler is a glamorous one?• Do you have a betting strategy?• Do you think it is wise to go into a casino expecting to make money?• Do you think you would like to be a dealer in a Las Vegas casino?