American Heroes

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A discussion about heroic figures in American history and culture.

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American Heroes

  1. 1. American Heroes
  2. 2. George Washington George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799) was the dominant military and political leader of the new United States of America from 1775 to 1799. He led the American victory over Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War and presided over the writing of the U.S. Constitution in 1787. He was the unanimous choice to serve as the first President of the United States from 1789 to 1797. Washington is universally regarded as the "Father of his Country".
  3. 3. George S. Patton George Smith Patton, Jr. (November 11, 1885 – December 21, 1945) was a United States Army officer best known for his leadership while commanding corps and armies as a general during World War II. He was also well known for his eccentricity and controversial outspokenness. In World War II, he commanded corps and armies in North Africa, Sicily, and the European Theater of Operations. In 1944, Patton assumed command of the U.S. Third Army, which under his leadership advanced farther, captured more enemy prisoners, and liberated more territory in less time than any other army in military history.
  4. 4. What do you think? • Do you think that military leaders are “heroes?” Why or why not? • Who are some famous generals and leaders from your history? • Are there some military leaders that inspire you in other areas of life?
  5. 5. Lewis and Clark Meriwether Lewis and William Clark lead the first transcontinental expedition to the Pacific Coast by the United States from 1804 to 1806. Lewis and Clark were some of the first Americans to explore the area that is now the western United States. Along the way they learned many new things about the land and its people.
  6. 6. Rosa Parks Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an African-American civil rights activist, whom the U.S. Congress called "the first lady of civil rights", and "the mother of the freedom movement". On December 1, 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks, age 42, refused to obey bus driver James Blake's order that she give up her seat to make room for a white passenger. Parks' act of defiance became an important symbol of the modern Civil Rights Movement and Parks became an international icon of resistance to racial segregation. She worked with many civil rights leaders, including Martin Luther King, Jr., helping to launch him to national prominence in the civil rights movement.
  7. 7. Martin Luther King, Jr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American clergyman, activist, and prominent leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for being an iconic figure in the advancement of civil rights in the United States and around the world, using nonviolent methods following the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi. King has become a national icon in the history of modern American liberalism. King was assassinated on April 4, 1968 as he stood on the balcony of the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee.
  8. 8. Neil Armstrong Neil Alden Armstrong , born August 5, 1930 is a former American astronaut, and test pilot. A participant in the U.S. Air Force's human spaceflight programs, Armstrong joined the NASA Astronaut Corps in 1962. His first spaceflight was the NASA Gemini 8 mission in 1966, for which he was the command pilot, becoming one of the first U.S. civilians to fly in space. Armstrong's second and last spaceflight was as mission commander of the Apollo 11 moon landing mission on July 20, 1969. On that day, Armstrong became the first person to walk on the Moon.
  9. 9. What do you think? • What do you think of Rosa parks? • Have you heard of Martin Luther King before? Are you familiar with the American civil rights movement? • Who are some famous explorers from Chinese history? • Will a Chinese astronaut walk on the moon?
  10. 10. Thomas Edison Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931) was an American inventor, scientist, and businessman. He developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph, the motion picture camera, a battery for an electric car, and a long-lasting, practical electric light bulb. Edison is the fourth most prolific inventor in history, holding 1,093 US patents in his name, as well as many patents in the United Kingdom, France, and Germany.
  11. 11. The Wright Brothers The Wright brothers, Orville (August 19, 1871 – January 30, 1948) and Wilbur (April 16, 1867 – May 30, 1912) are most famous for inventing, building, and flying the first airplane the Flyer I. They flew it for the first time on December 17, 1903 near the Kill Devil Hills, about four miles south of Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, U.S. The Wright’s invention was so unbelievable at the time that a news paper journalist was fired for reporting their story.
  12. 12. Steve Jobs & Steve Wozniak Steve Jobs (February 24, 1955 – October 5, 2011) and Stephen Gary "Woz" Wozniak (born August 11, 1950) are the co-founders of Apple Inc. In 1975, Jobs and Wozniak created the Apple I, the first successful personal computer. Before this time, almost all computers were large expensive machines owned by corporations. These two men helped create the world we now live in today where individual people have personal access to many different types of electronic devices.
  13. 13. What do you think? • How have the inventions of Edison, the Wright Brothers, and Jobs & Wozniak affected your life? • Who are the greatest inventors in your country? • If you could go back in time, which famous invention would you want to invent?

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