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S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
S5 chinese culture 1
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S5 chinese culture 1

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  • 1. Theme 2 Chinese Culture and Modern Life Topic 1 traditional concepts of the family and modern life
  • 2. Theme Mind Map Different views on Traditionaltraditional customs concepts of the in modern society family and 4 1 modern life Chinese culture and modern life 3 2 Traditional Changes in Chinese Chinese family patterns customs and modern life
  • 3. Characteristics of the traditional family systems Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the Main functions of traditional 1. Traditional family outmoded? familiesconcepts of the family and modern life Challenges to traditional concepts of the family in modern life
  • 4. Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?
  • 5. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?
  • 6. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? What are the characteristics of the traditional Chinese family systems?
  • 7. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?
  • 8. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?Characteristics of the traditional Chinese family systems Traditional Chinese family systems
  • 9. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?Characteristics of the traditional Chinese family systems Traditional Chinese family systems Lineage and clan system: A group formed byfamilies of the same family name and ancestors, with the same paternal descent.
  • 10. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?Characteristics of the traditional Chinese family systems Traditional Chinese family systems Inheritance system: The eldest son of the legal wife is given priority in inheriting his deceased father’s identity, rights and responsibilities. Lineage and clan system: A group formed byfamilies of the same family name and ancestors, with the same paternal descent.
  • 11. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?Characteristics of the traditional Chinese family systems Traditional Chinese family systems Inheritance system: The eldest son of the legal wife is given priority in inheriting his deceased father’s identity, rights and responsibilities. Lineage and clan Patriarchy: system: The blood A group formed by relationship of thefamilies of the same entire family is family name and defined by ancestors, with the patrilineality. same paternal descent.
  • 12. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?Characteristics of the traditional Chinese family systems Traditional Chinese family systems Inheritance system: Patriarchal The eldest son of supremacy: the legal wife is A father has the given priority in highest authority in inheriting his a family. He controls deceased father’s all family affairs. identity, rights and responsibilities. Lineage and clan Patriarchy: system: The blood A group formed by relationship of thefamilies of the same entire family is family name and defined by ancestors, with the patrilineality. same paternal descent.
  • 13. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?
  • 14. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?Characteristics of the traditional Chinese family systems Traditional Chinese family systems
  • 15. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?Characteristics of the traditional Chinese family systems Traditional Chinese family systems Father-son domination: Interaction between parents and children are valued, especially the father-son relationship.
  • 16. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?Characteristics of the traditional Chinese family systems Traditional Chinese family systems Male dominance and female subordination: Women are subordinate and dependent on men. Father-son domination: Interaction between parents and children are valued, especially the father-son relationship.
  • 17. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?Characteristics of the traditional Chinese family systems Traditional Chinese family systems Male dominance and female subordination: Women are subordinate and dependent on men. Father-son Family orientation: domination: The family is Interaction between considered more parents and important than an children are valued, individual and is especially the regarded as the father-son dominant entity. relationship.
  • 18. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?Characteristics of the traditional Chinese family systems Traditional Chinese family systems Male dominance and female subordination: Family first: Women are The interests of the subordinate and family and the dependent on men. needs of the clan are extremely important, personal efforts aim to bring honour to one’s Father-son clan and ancestors. Family orientation: domination: The family is Interaction between considered more parents and important than an children are valued, individual and is especially the regarded as the father-son dominant entity. relationship.
  • 19. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?
  • 20. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?Lets Think What are the main functions of traditional families?
  • 21. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Economic support
  • 22. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Main functions of traditional families Economic support
  • 23. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Main functions of traditional families Economic support Ø Most Chinese families make their living by farming, and forms a self-sustaining economy.
  • 24. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Main functions of traditional families Economic support Ø Most Chinese families make their living by farming, and forms a self-sustaining economy.Ø Traditional families provide family members with their daily needs.
  • 25. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Main functions of traditional families Economic support Ø Most Chinese families make their living by farming, and forms a self-sustaining economy.Ø Traditional families provide family members with their daily needs.Ø Family properties are used to finance the daily expense of the family members and are divided among the children upon the father’s death.
  • 26. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Main functions of traditional families Economic support Ø Most Chinese families make their living by farming, and forms a self-sustaining economy.Ø Traditional families provide family members with their daily needs.Ø Family properties are used to finance the daily expense of the family members and are divided among the children upon the father’s death. Traditional Chinese society was mainly based on a ‘small peasant economy’.
  • 27. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Continuity of lineage and clan
  • 28. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Main functions of traditional families Continuity of lineage and clan
  • 29. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Main functions of traditional families Continuity of lineage and clan Ø Traditional Chinese families advocate having more sons and many children and grandchildren.
  • 30. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Main functions of traditional families Continuity of lineage and clan Ø Traditional Chinese families advocate having more sons and many children and grandchildren. Ø There are three reasons:
  • 31. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Main functions of traditional families Continuity of lineage and clan Ø Traditional Chinese families advocate having more sons and many children and grandchildren. Ø There are three reasons: 1. To ensure someone will inherit the male lineage. 2. To ensure that parents are provided for. 3. More family members increase production.
  • 32. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?
  • 33. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Nowadays, Hong Kong’s social security is getting better. Will the function of continuity of lineage and clan of traditional Chinese families be weakened as a result?
  • 34. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Socialization
  • 35. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Main functions of traditional families Socialization
  • 36. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Main functions of traditional families SocializationØ For their children, traditional families will:
  • 37. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Main functions of traditional families SocializationØ For their children, traditional families will:- pass on rules in life;- instil moral values;- teach them how to read and write;- develop skills for work.
  • 38. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Main functions of traditional families SocializationØ For their children, traditional families will:- pass on rules in life;- instil moral values;- teach them how to read and write;- develop skills for work. In a traditional society, fathers are often role models for their sons.
  • 39. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Socialization refers to the process in which a person understands how to speak and act appropriately according to one’s own role through learning and imitating the behaviour of other people.
  • 40. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Socialization can be carried out through the agents below. Discuss with classmates how they bring about the process of socialization! Family Media Peers Schools Government
  • 41. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Other functions: security, welfare, leisure
  • 42. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Main functions of traditional families Other functions: security, welfare, leisure
  • 43. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Main functions of traditional families Other functions: security, welfare, leisure Ø Security: the clan has the responsibility to protect the rights of the clansmen.
  • 44. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Main functions of traditional families Other functions: security, welfare, leisure Ø Security: the clan has the responsibility to protect the rights of the clansmen. Ø Welfare: the clan offers assistance when clansmen encounter difficulties.
  • 45. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Main functions of traditional families Other functions: security, welfare, leisure Ø Security: the clan has the responsibility to protect the rights of the clansmen. Ø Welfare: the clan offers assistance when clansmen encounter difficulties. Ø Leisure: family members get together at leisure time to enjoy all forms of entertainment to improve their relationships.
  • 46. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Main functions of traditional families Other functions: security, welfare, leisure Ø Security: the clan has the responsibility to protect the rights of the clansmen. Ø Welfare: the clan offers assistance when clansmen encounter difficulties. Ø Leisure: family members get together at leisure time to enjoy all forms of entertainment to improve their relationships. Worshipping ancestors is also a function of traditional families.
  • 47. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?
  • 48. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? What are the challenges to traditional concepts of the family in modern life?
  • 49. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Collectivism vs. Individualism
  • 50. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?Challenges to traditional concepts of the family in modern life Collectivism vs. Individualism
  • 51. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?Challenges to traditional concepts of the family in modern life Collectivism vs. Individualism Ø Modern people are more and more concerned about personal interests and their own points of view.
  • 52. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?Challenges to traditional concepts of the family in modern life Collectivism vs. Individualism Ø Modern people are more and more concerned about personal interests and their own points of view. Ø Personal responsibilities towards one’s family have not completely disappeared.
  • 53. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?Challenges to traditional concepts of the family in modern life Collectivism vs. Individualism Ø Modern people are more and more concerned about personal interests and their own points of view. Ø Personal responsibilities towards one’s family have not completely disappeared. Ø Family members help one another in times of difficulties.
  • 54. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Authoritarianism vs. Egalitarianism
  • 55. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?Challenges to traditional concepts of the family in modern life Authoritarianism vs. Egalitarianism
  • 56. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?Challenges to traditional concepts of the family in modern life Authoritarianism vs. Egalitarianism
  • 57. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?Challenges to traditional concepts of the family in modern life Authoritarianism vs. Egalitarianism Ø Husband and wife are more equal.
  • 58. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?Challenges to traditional concepts of the family in modern life Authoritarianism vs. Egalitarianism Ø Husband and wife are more equal.Ø Children’s will is more respected by the parents.
  • 59. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?Challenges to traditional concepts of the family in modern life Authoritarianism vs. Egalitarianism Ø Husband and wife are more equal.Ø Children’s will is more respected by the parents. Ø Family members negotiate and cooperate with their family members.
  • 60. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?
  • 61. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? How did reform and opening-up lead to the concept of equality of husband and wife in China?
  • 62. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Spiritualism vs. Materialism
  • 63. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?Challenges to traditional concepts of the family in modern life Spiritualism vs. Materialism
  • 64. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?Challenges to traditional concepts of the family in modern life Spiritualism vs. MaterialismØ Still take spirituality and ethics as the basis for maintaining family relationships.
  • 65. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?Challenges to traditional concepts of the family in modern life Spiritualism vs. MaterialismØ Still take spirituality and ethics as the basis for maintaining family relationships.Ø There are often contradictions between personal enjoyment and family relationships, which may result in conflicts.
  • 66. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?
  • 67. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Think about the situation in Hong Kong. Are there some examples which show that individuals have conflicts with family members due to enjoyment of life?
  • 68. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Family vs. Non-familial socialization socialization
  • 69. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?Challenges to traditional concepts of the family in modern life Family vs. Non-familial socialization socialization
  • 70. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?Challenges to traditional concepts of the family in modern life Family vs. Non-familial socialization socialization Ø The function of socialization is gradually being replaced by other agents, such as schools, the media, government propaganda, religious bodies, etc.
  • 71. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?Challenges to traditional concepts of the family in modern life Family vs. Non-familial socialization socialization Ø The function of socialization is gradually being replaced by other agents, such as schools, the media, government propaganda, religious bodies, etc. Ø But the family’s function of socialization still holds a very important place.
  • 72. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?Challenges to traditional concepts of the family in modern life Family vs. Non-familial socialization socialization Ø The function of socialization is gradually being replaced by other agents, such as schools, the media, government propaganda, religious bodies, etc. Ø But the family’s function of socialization still holds a very important place. Traditional families serve an important function in socialization.
  • 73. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?
  • 74. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Do modern Hong Kong families have the function of nurturing their children’s values?
  • 75. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Family education in Hong Kong develops national awareness   On the National Day, some local parents brought their children towatch the flag raising ceremony, participate in the National Day carnivaland watch the fireworks display. By doing so, they hoped to nurture their children’s national identity.  Mrs. Chan, who lives in Quarry Bay, specifically arranged a ‘nationaleducation one-day trip’ and said, ‘I fear that my two children do not havenational awareness, so I want to take them out to learn more. I want them to realize that they are Chinese and should feel proud of their country.’(Source: Adapted from reports of various local newspapers dated 3 October 2009.)
  • 76. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Production vs. Consumption and allocation and leisure
  • 77. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?Challenges to traditional concepts of the family in modern life Production vs. Consumption and allocation and leisure
  • 78. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?Challenges to traditional concepts of the family in modern life Production vs. Consumption and allocation and leisure Ø Most modern people work outside their home or run their own business.
  • 79. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?Challenges to traditional concepts of the family in modern life Production vs. Consumption and allocation and leisure Ø Most modern people work outside their home or run their own business.Ø The development of the free market broke the tradition of self- sustainability of families.
  • 80. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?Challenges to traditional concepts of the family in modern life Production vs. Consumption and allocation and leisure Ø Most modern people work outside their home or run their own business.Ø The development of the free market broke the tradition of self- sustainability of families.Ø Most families have lost their function of production and allocation. Consumption and leisure have become the major activities of a family.
  • 81. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded?
  • 82. Exploration Journey: Are traditional concepts of the family outmoded? Life in Hong Kong is tense, and everyone is ‘working hard for a living’. But family affection is also very important. How should modern people allocate the time spent on work, studies, and with their family?
  • 83. The End

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