Unit 7 L4 N.I. 3


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Unit 7 L4 N.I. 3

  1. 1. The world we live in Passive with prepositions and infinitive clauses with phrases By Profr. José Ma. Jaramillo S. May 2009
  2. 2. What are the poblems you consider importan to care about our community, country or world?
  3. 3. Global warming Drug trafficking Drunk driving
  4. 4. Disease Famine Acid raing Govermnent corruption
  5. 5. homeless Poverty Inflaction
  6. 6. Overpopulation Pollution Unemployment
  7. 7. Present Continuous Passive Subject + is/are being + Past Participle The Present Continuous Passive describes an action that is in progress right now. Examples: The air is being polluted. Our city streets are being damaged. Our water supply is being depleted.
  8. 8. Too many trees are being cut down these days. Trash is being thrown on the streets. Millions of gasoline is being burned by cars and trucks. The beaches are being polluted by tourists. Many young people is being fired as a result of the crisis.
  9. 9. Present Perfect Passive Subject + has/have been + Past Participle The Present Perfect Passive describes something that started before the present (the exact time isn´t important) Too many trees have been cut down recently/in the last few years.
  10. 10. A lot of students have been failed in this last semester. The parks have been destroyed because of new apartments buildings Traffic accidents have been happened due to drunk driving. Many pregnant women have been requested to stay home due to influenza virus.
  11. 11. The world has been damaged through pollution. Drug trafficking has been reduced because of participation of the poeple. Drug trafficking has been reduced because of participation of the poeple.
  12. 12. Rewrite these statements using Present Continuous Passive. <ul><li>The new school __________________________________ (build) </li></ul><ul><li>The mathematics exercise _____________________________ (answer) </li></ul><ul><li>The building St. Antoine ______________________________(use) as a prision. </li></ul><ul><li>English _________________________________________(speak) all over the world </li></ul><ul><li>These students ____________________________________now. (taste) </li></ul><ul><li>This building ______________________________________(renovate) </li></ul><ul><li>The walls in the school _____________________________________these days. (paint) </li></ul><ul><li>The book ______________________________________by a boy. (read) </li></ul><ul><li>Breakfast __________________________________________ in the kitchen. (prepare) </li></ul><ul><li>A lot of flowers ________________________________________in my garden. (grow) </li></ul><ul><li>Lucy ___________________________________________(invite) to my party. </li></ul><ul><li>A big battle __________________________________________(fight) here a long time ago </li></ul><ul><li>They demand that the change of plans ______________________________ since nine o'clock. (to announce) </li></ul><ul><li>. It is crucial that we ____________________________________________ of any change. (to advise) </li></ul><ul><li>John ____________________________________ in prision because he did something wrong. (keep) </li></ul><ul><li>Pinguins ______________________________________by glogal climate change. (threaten) </li></ul><ul><li>The baby _________________________________________ a lot of love care given by her mother. (give) </li></ul><ul><li>They _____________________________________ to a work in a big project .(assign) </li></ul><ul><li>The Eiffel Tower ________________________________ by people from all over the world. (visit) </li></ul>Rewrite these statements using now Present PerfectPassive.
  13. 13. Let’s practice with on your books! More information: [email_address]
  14. 14. What can we do about it? Check the next problems
  15. 15. Infinitive clauses and phrases A way/Two ways + infinitive + si/are + infinitive
  16. 16. Global warming One thing to do about it is to care about our environment.
  17. 17. Drug trafficking One thing to stop it is to report any people selling drugs. Another way to stop it is to give longer prision sentence.
  18. 18. Drunk driving The best ways to stop it are to fine people drinking beer and close beer stores earlier.
  19. 19. Poverty The best way to reduce poverty is to create more oportunities to work. Another way to reduce it is to offer courses developing abilities in these people.
  20. 20. Overpopulation One thing to do about it is to talk about contraceptive methods with the couples.
  21. 21. Inflaction One thing to help about it is to save money and not to spend it at all.
  22. 22. Pollution Two ways to prevent this situation are to recognize the problems we can get and teach the forms we can stop it.
  23. 23. Dissease One way to prevent the influenza is to clean all the areas we move. Another way to prevent it is to avoid the closed areas with many people.
  24. 24. Match the columns writing the letter on the line to solve each situation. <ul><li>One way to reduce stress in class is: </li></ul><ul><li>One thing to check before enter to the laboratory is: </li></ul><ul><li>The best way to learn english is: </li></ul><ul><li>One activity to do on saturdays is: </li></ul><ul><li>Another way to enjoy weekends is: </li></ul><ul><li>The best ways to ignore a teacher in class are: </li></ul><ul><li>Two ways to get fun in class are: </li></ul><ul><li>Two things to do to get a boyfriend/girlfriend are: </li></ul><ul><li>Another way to keep in shape is: </li></ul><ul><li>Two different ways to stop smoking are: </li></ul><ul><li>The best thing to start your own bussines is: </li></ul>_____ to listen your mp3 and check your cell phone messages. _____ to be sure if your friends are there. _____ to eat healthy food. _____ to have in mind what you want to do. _____ to have your notes and homeworks complete. _____ to practice in class and not to be afraid to talk. _____ to avoid poeple who still do it and get a hobbie instead of it. _____ to go around with your friends at night. _____ to go to parties and meet new people. _____ to enjoy learning and change your attitud toward activities. _____ to visit some friends at home.
  25. 25. Let’s practice with on your books! More information: [email_address]