Past, Present and future


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talk about actions in the past, present and future and if clauses

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Past, Present and future

  1. 1. Back to the future! Time Contrasts and Conditional Sentences By Profr. Jose Ma. Jaramillo Salazar January, 2008
  2. 2. GENERAL TERAN A BEAUTIFUL AND QUIET TOWN!! In the past: <ul><li>In the past, people used to live in old houses. </li></ul><ul><li>A few years ago, people in Teran used to sit in the evenings on the sidewalks. </li></ul><ul><li>A few years ago, the people used to send letters by mail. </li></ul><ul><li>10 years ago, the students visited the library to search some information. </li></ul><ul><li>50 years ago, people in Teran drove their carts. </li></ul>
  3. 3. In the present: <ul><li>These days General Teran is growing . </li></ul><ul><li>Nowadays, teenagers and adults visit cyber cafes. </li></ul><ul><li>Today, our town has a better high school. </li></ul><ul><li>These days, the people drive their cars to commute. </li></ul><ul><li>Nowadays, everyone have their own cellular. </li></ul>
  4. 4. In the future: <ul><li>In twenty years, Teran might be a big city. </li></ul><ul><li>In the future, students are going to take classes at home. </li></ul><ul><li>Soon, there will be smart classroom in all the schools. </li></ul><ul><li>In the future, Teran will have subways and better service transportation. </li></ul><ul><li>In ten more years, people might buy groceries at home. </li></ul>
  5. 5. MONTERREY A HUGE CHANGE!! <ul><li>In the past, Monterrey wasn’t very crowded. </li></ul><ul><li>Fifty years ago, didn’t have good stadiums. </li></ul><ul><li>People used to walk on the streets. </li></ul><ul><li>Fifty years ago, poeple used to work in their fields. </li></ul><ul><li>In the past, there weren’t too many cars. </li></ul>
  6. 6. In the present: <ul><li>Nowadays, is a big and modern city. </li></ul><ul><li>In these days, visitors can enjoy its tourist atractions. </li></ul><ul><li>Today, Monterrey has many universities. </li></ul><ul><li>Nowadays, is one of the most important cities in Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>In these days, Monterrey is growing too fast. </li></ul>
  7. 7. To describe how our lives have changed during the years, we can use different times for it. For example: Past tense <ul><li>In the past, I used to wear tennis shoes and shorts. </li></ul><ul><li>A few years ago, I was living in U.S.A. </li></ul><ul><li>10 years ago, I didn’t have a car. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 2002, I started working in the High School. </li></ul>Present <ul><li>Nowadays, I wear casual clothes. </li></ul><ul><li>In these days, I am living in Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>Now, I have a new car. </li></ul><ul><li>Today, I am working in the high school and in the secondary. </li></ul>Future <ul><li>In the future, I am going to wear formal clothes. </li></ul><ul><li>In ten more years, I will live in Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>Soon, I might buy a Ferrari. </li></ul><ul><li>In 5 more years, I will work at the “Tecnológico de Monterrey” </li></ul>
  8. 8. Describe how your life have changed in the last ten years. Make sentences using Past, Present and Future. Then practice with a partner. Past Present Future
  9. 9. How would your life change if you win a million dollar? You won’t have to work anymore You will be able to take a tour in Europe You might get a bodyguard You will buy the TEC’s house You will have to open a bank account. You might get a BMW You will be able to study abroad. You may have your own plane.
  10. 10. Conditional Sentences / If Clauses Conditional Sentences are also known as Conditional Clauses or If Clauses. They are used to express that an action in the future will only happen if a certain condition is fulfilled by that time. E.g. <ul><li>Possible situation </li></ul><ul><li>If I fall in love, </li></ul><ul><li>if I am happier, </li></ul><ul><li>If I work better, </li></ul><ul><li>If I get a raise, </li></ul><ul><li>If I get married, </li></ul><ul><li>If I have a lot of kids, </li></ul><ul><li>If I have more expenses, </li></ul><ul><li>If I don’t buy a new car, </li></ul><ul><li>Consequence </li></ul><ul><li>I wil be happier. </li></ul><ul><li>I will work better. </li></ul><ul><li>I will be able to get a raise. </li></ul><ul><li>I may get married. </li></ul><ul><li>I will have a lot of kids. </li></ul><ul><li>I might have more expenses. </li></ul><ul><li>I won’t be able to buy a new car. </li></ul><ul><li>I will be so sad. </li></ul>
  11. 11. This is the most typical structure used with possible future situations and consequences. IF + SIMPLE PRESENT + SUBJECT + WILL / WON’T If you eat candy, you’will gain weight We can say these in a different order: You’ll gain weight, if you eat candy We can also use may and might as consequences, to show that the consequence is less likely: If you eat candy, you may gain weight You might gain weight, if you eat candy We can express possibilities using will be able to : If you save some money, you’ll be able to travel. We can express necessities using will have to : If you travel abroad, you’ll have to get a visa.
  12. 12. Complete the Conditional Sentences using the verbs in parenthesis. Example: If I _____ (to go) to the cinema, I _________(to watch) an interesting film. If I go to the cinema, I will watch an interesting fim. <ul><li>If I __________ (to study), I _______________ (to pass) the exam. </li></ul><ul><li>We ___________ (not/swim) if the weather ___________ (to be) bad. </li></ul><ul><li>If he __________ (to have) a temperature, he __________ (to see a doctor. </li></ul><ul><li>I __________(to be) very happy if my friends ___________ (to come) </li></ul><ul><li>If I ___________ (to earn) a lot of money, I ____________ (to fly) to France. </li></ul><ul><li>If we _____________ (not/to come) home in time, we ____________ (to miss) the film. </li></ul><ul><li>The teacher _____________ (not/to be) happy if I ______________(to forget) my homework again. </li></ul><ul><li>If our class _____________(to go) to England, I _____________ (to visit) the London Tower. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Let’s continue in your books!! More information: [email_address]