Comparative Form In English when we need to compare something, we use the adjectives in their different levels, like the Comparative .
Comparative How the comparative is formed? Short adjectives add the termination –er. (short – short er, long – long er ) Mike and Luis are tall . Mike is tall er than Luis. Horses and tigers are fast animals. Tigers are fast er than horses. If the adjective ends in just one syllable preceded by a vowel, double the consonant. (big – big ger , new – new wer , wet – wet ter ) Elephants and hippos are fat animals. Elephants are fat ter than hippos. Morelos and Allende are big cities. Morelos is big ger than Allende.
Adjectives ending in y , prececed by a consonant, change the for i and add er (craz y – craz ier , ugl y – ugl ier ) “ La Tigresa” and Carmen Salinas are ugly . Jaime and Carlos are crazy . Carlos is craz ier than Jaime. “ La Tigresa is ugl ier than Carmen. Adjectives with more than two syllables write the word more before the adjective (intelligent – more intelligent , beautiful – more beautiful ) Mathematics and Physics are difficult. Math is more difficult than Physics. Monterrey and Laredo are dangerous cities. Monterrey is more dangerous than Laredo.
There are some irregular adjectives (good – better , bad – worse , far – farther/further ) 1 st . and 3rd. Level are good groups in the CAADI. 1st. Level is better than 3rd. level Rayados and Tigres are bad . Rayados are worse than Tigres. Reynosa and Monterrey are far. Reynosa is farther than Monterrey. Reynosa is further than Monterrey.
Practice Write the comparative form of the next adjectives. Tall _______________ modern _______________ fat _______________ Funny _______________ good _______________ boring _______________ Beautiful _______________ happy _______________ thin _______________ clean _______________ Old _______________ Pretty _______________ clean ________________ Thin _______________ Interesting _______________ far _______________ Dangerous________________ Easy _______________ <ul><li>Complete the statements writing the adjective in comparative form. </li></ul><ul><li>Our house is ____________________ than theirs (big) </li></ul><ul><li>I’m ___________________ than your brother. (tall) </li></ul><ul><li>Tortoise live ____________________ than cats. (long) </li></ul><ul><li>Bod Dylan is a ____________________ singer than George Michael. (good) </li></ul><ul><li>John is _____________________ than Pablo. (handsome) </li></ul><ul><li>New York is ___________________ than Los Angeles. (exciting) </li></ul><ul><li>She is ____________________ than my sister. (pretty) </li></ul><ul><li>Mary drives ____________________ than Luisa. (carefully) </li></ul><ul><li>My cooking is __________________ than my wife’s. (bad) </li></ul><ul><li>I get up ___________________than my brother. (early) </li></ul>
Superlative Form In English is the greatest form of adjective or adverb which indicates that something has some feature to a greater degree than anything it is being compared to in a given context.
Superlative How the superlative is formed? Short adjectives add the termination –est. (short – short est long – long est ) My car is the oldest in the town. Our classroom is the cleanest in the school. Adjectives ending in y , prececed by a consonant, change the for i and add est (craz y – craz iest , ugl y – ugl iest ) My students are the craziest in the school. Marlen is the prettiest in the group. Adjectives with more than two syllables write the words the most before the adjective (intelligent – the most intelligent , beautiful – the most beautiful ) I am the most intelligent of the class. My car is the most expensive in my neighborhood. Irregular adjectives (good – the best , bad – the worst , far – the farthest ) My school is the best of the city Rayados is the worst soccer team
Now, practice the superlative! Write the comparative and superlative form of the next adjectives, as the example. Comparative Superlative Tall ___ taller than ________ ______ the tallest __________ Fat ____________________ _________________________ Good ____________________ _________________________ Beautiful ____________________ _________________________ Happy ____________________ _________________________ Dangerous ____________________ _________________________ Intelligent ____________________ _________________________ Easy ____________________ _________________________ Complete with the superlative form. 1.- Which is the biggest A, B or C? ________________________________________________________ 2.- Which is the heaviest A, B or C? ________________________________________________________ 3.- Which is the smallest A, B, or C? ________________________________________________________ 4.- Who is the most beautiful: La chilindrina, Ninel Conde or Lucero ? ________________________________________________________ 5.- What is the easiest: Mathematics, Biology or Physical Education? ________________________________________________________ a b c
Who is the most beautiful of the three? Who is the most handsome of the three?
Who is the best of the three? Who is the most dangerous of the three?
What is the most difficult ?. Which movie is the most famous ?. Which is the most expensive ? Which animal is the biggest ?
Answer the questions about your classmates. <ul><li>Who is the tallest in your class? _________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Who is the funniest? _________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Who is the shortest? _________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Who is the most intelligent? _________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Who is the most serious? _________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Who is the youngest? _________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Who is the oldest? _________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Who is the best at sports? _________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Who is the worst dancing? _________________ </li></ul>
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Questions with How By Prof. José Ma Jaramillo Salazar. February, 2009
Common Questions with How How is used in a number of various combinations to ask questions. Here are the most common combinations:
'How' is combined with various adjectives to ask detailed information about an object. How far is Teran from Monterrey? It’s about 16 kilometers. How far is my house from the school? It’s about 5 blocks from my house. How far is Acapulco from Mexico City? It’s about 630 kilometers.
How big is General Teran? It’s about 1.200 square kilometers How big is the High School? It’s about 60 square kilometers How big is Montemorelos? It’s about 800 square kilometers.
How high is Catholic church? It’s about 25 meters high. How high is the Cerro de la Silla? It’s about 250 meters high. How high is the classroom? It’s about 5 meters high.
How deep is the Rio Pilon? It’s about 5 meters deep. How deep is the Rio Bravo? It’s about 6.5 meters deep. How deep is the swimming pool in the Sabino? It’s about 3.5 deep.
How cold is Teran in winter? It’s goes down to about 3° Celsius How hot is Teran in summer? It’s goes up to about 30° Celsius How cold is New York in winter? It’s goes down to about 2° Celsius How hot is Africa in summer? It’s goes up to about 40° Celsius
1.- ___________________ is Reynosa from McAllen? 2.- ___________________ is the swimming pool? 3.- ___________________ is Canc ú n in summer? 4.- ___________________ is that tree? 5.- ___________________ is my house from your house? 6.- ___________________ is in Christmas? 7.- ___________________ is your grandfather ’ s ranch? 8.- ___________________ is the Mount Everest? 9.- ___________________ is the Mississippi River? 10.- ___________________ is the line in the bank? Complete the questions and answers with HOW HIGH, FAR, BIG, LONG, HOT, COLD, DEEP … ? <ul><li>Answers: </li></ul><ul><li>a) It’s really cold, it goes down 2º or 3º Celsius. </li></ul><ul><li>. It’s about 2 kilometers. </li></ul><ul><li>.It’s pretty long. </li></ul><ul><li>. It’s great, it gets up 20º Celsius. </li></ul><ul><li>. It’s about 23 square kilometers. </li></ul><ul><li>. It’s 20 meters deep. </li></ul><ul><li>. It’s about 3 meters high. </li></ul><ul><li>. It’s about 3 or 4 blocks. </li></ul><ul><li>. It’s about 2,300 meters high. </li></ul><ul><li>. It’s about 2.5 meters deep. </li></ul>
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