The Simple Past
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The Simple Past

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The Simple Past The Simple Past Presentation Transcript

  • THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE GRAMMAR
  • SUMMARY
    • Idea.
    • Words.
    • Regular Verbs.
    • Spelling.
    • Pronounciation.
    • Irregular Verbs.
    • Affirmative, negative and questions.
  • IDEA
    • We use the Past simple tense to describe an action that took place in the past.
    • This action is Short and Finished.
  • WORDS
    • These are some words and expressions that usually appear with a verb in the Past Simple.
    • Last ………..
    • ……..ago
    • Yesterday
    • In 1986
  • REGULAR VERBS.
    • To write the past simple of a regular verb we add “-ed” to the base form.
    • Work Work ed
    • Play Play ed
    • Paint Paint ed
  • SPELLING RULES
    • To avoid spelling mistakes we must remember three rules:
    • After consonat+vowel+consonant we double the last consonant when the syllable is stressed.
    • S top Stopped
    • C lap Clapped
    • P lan Planned
  • SPELLING RULES
    • When the verb ends in –e, we drop the –e and add the sufix.
    • Move Mov ed
    • Rule Rul ed
    • Live Liv ed
    • Love Lov ed
  • SPELLING RULES
    • When the verb ends in consonant+y we drop the “y” and write “i+ed”.
    • Cry Cr ied
    • Try Tr ied
    • Carry Carr ied
  • PRONOUNCIATION RULES
    • There are 3 ways to pronounce “ –ed”
    • /d/
    • /t/
    • /id/
  • PRONOUNCIATION RULES
    • We pronounce /d/ after vowel or voiced sound ( b, g, l, m, n, r, v, z ).
    • Pl ay Played /d/
    • Be g Begged /d/
    • Li v e Lived /d/
    • Pul l Pulled /d/
  • PRONOUNCIATION RULES
    • We pronounce /t/ after voiceless sound:
    • /p/ /k/ /ch/ /s/ /sh/ /ch/
    • Wor k Worked /t/
    • Sto p Stopped /t/
    • Pas s Passed /t/
    • Pu sh Pushed /t/
    • Wat ch Watched /t/
  • PRONOUNCIATION RULES
    • We pronounce /id/ after the sounds /t/ and /d/.
    • Star t Started /id/
    • En d Ended /id/
  • IRREGULAR VERBS
    • Most verbs are regular. But there are also irregular verbs . You must study the List of Irregular verbs to use them.
    • Choose the Second Column .
    • Break Broke Broken
    • Do Did Done
    • Write Wrote Written
  • AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES
    • We use the same form with different subjects to express the past.
    • She broke her leg
    • I found a job
    • We worked together
    • You stoppe d the car.
  • AUXILIARY VERB
    • The auxiliary verb for the past simple is “DID”.
    • When we use the auxiliary verb “did” or “didn´t” the main verb is written in the infinitive.
  • NEGATIVE SENTENCES
    • We write didn´t in front of the verb. Remember the verb in the infinitive .
    • I didn´t study for my exams.
    • They didn´t bring the flowers
    • She didn´t stop the car.
    • The programme didn´t begin one hour ago.
  • QUESTIONS IN THE PAST SIMPLE
    • We write didn´t in front of the subject. The main verb is written in the infinitive.
    • Did you come yesterday?
    • Did you hear the noise?
    • Did she open the present?