Understanding Sexuality


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  • Understanding Sexuality

    1. 1. Chapter Twelve: Understanding Sexuality
    2. 2. Biological Bases of Human Sexuality <ul><li>Genetic basis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>XX = female </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>XY = male </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gonadal basis </li></ul><ul><li>Structural development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Male genital development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Female genital development </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Biological sexuality and the childhood years </li></ul><ul><li>Puberty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Females: Menarche </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Males </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Growth and Development of Sexuality
    4. 4. Psychosocial Bases of Human Sexuality <ul><li>Psychosocial sexuality: Masculine and feminine aspects of sexuality </li></ul><ul><li>Gender : Biological basis of sexuality </li></ul><ul><li>Gender identity: Recognition of one’s gender </li></ul><ul><li>Gender preference: Emotional and intellectual acceptance of one’s own gender </li></ul>
    5. 5. Psychosocial Bases of Human Sexuality <ul><li>Gender adoption: The long process of learning the behavior that is traditional for one’s gender </li></ul><ul><li>Gender identification: Achievement of a personally satisfying interpretation of one’s masculinity or femininity </li></ul>
    6. 6. Male Reproductive System <ul><li>Testes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sperm development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interstitial cell-stimulating hormone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Follicle-stimulating hormone </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scrotum </li></ul><ul><li>Ducts </li></ul><ul><li>Seminal vesicles </li></ul><ul><li>Prostate gland </li></ul><ul><li>Cowper’s glands </li></ul><ul><li>Penis </li></ul>
    7. 7. Male Reproductive System
    8. 8. Male Reproductive System <ul><li>Age-related hormone changes </li></ul><ul><li>Male menopause (andropause) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decrease in level of androgens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prostate size increases </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Female Reproductive System <ul><li>Mons pubis </li></ul><ul><li>Labia majora and labia minora </li></ul><ul><li>Clitoris </li></ul><ul><li>Vestibule </li></ul><ul><li>Vagina </li></ul><ul><li>Uterus </li></ul><ul><li>Fallopian tubes </li></ul><ul><li>Ovaries </li></ul>
    10. 10. Female Reproductive System
    11. 11. Menstrual Cycle <ul><li>Menstrual phase </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 / 4 - 1 / 2 cup of blood and tissue is sloughed off during a 5-7 day period </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Preovulation phase </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lasts about a week </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Release of FSH and LH leading to ovulation around day 14 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Post-ovulation phase </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Build-up of endometrial tissue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Role of progesterone </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Menstrual Cycle
    13. 13. Related Conditions <ul><li>Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical and psychological symptoms that recur during the same phase of the menstrual cycle </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Severe form of PMS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fibrocystic breast condition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Excessive secretory activity producing swollen, firm, or hardened tender breast tissue </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Menopause </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gradual decline in reproductive system function, usually by late 40s to mid 50s </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. The Human Sexual Response Pattern <ul><li>Excitement stage – arousal stage </li></ul><ul><li>Plateau stage – leveling off of arousal immediately before climax </li></ul><ul><li>Orgasmic stage – neuromuscular tension is released </li></ul><ul><li>Resolution stage – return of the body to a preexcitement stage </li></ul>
    15. 15. Sexual Response Pattern
    16. 16. Sexual Response Pattern
    17. 17. Differences Between Men and Women in the Sexual Response Pattern <ul><li>Men are not multiorgasmic </li></ul><ul><li>Men reach orgasm quicker during coitus </li></ul><ul><li>Women are multiorgasmic </li></ul><ul><li>Women reach orgasm as quickly as men during masturbation </li></ul>
    18. 18. Patterns of Sexual Behavior <ul><li>Celibacy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-imposed avoidance of sexual intimacy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Masturbation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-stimulation of the genitals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fantasy and erotic dreams </li></ul><ul><li>Shared touching </li></ul><ul><li>Genital contact </li></ul>
    19. 19. Patterns of Sexual Behavior <ul><li>Oral-genital stimulation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fellatio (oral stimulation of a male’s genitalia) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cunnilingus (oral stimulation of a female’s genitalia) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Intercourse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Penile penetration of vagina </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Associated with procreation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anal sex </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Performed by both heterosexual couples and gay men </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Aging and Sexuality <ul><li>Sexual activity does decline with age but a significant population of older adults remain sexually active </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in women: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vaginal lubrication decreases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduction in orgasmic contractions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Changes in men: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Erection process is prolonged </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decrease in contractions at orgasm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ejaculation decreases in force and volume </li></ul></ul>
    21. 21. Sexual Orientation <ul><li>Heterosexuality – Sexual attraction to the opposite gender </li></ul><ul><li>Homosexuality – Sexual attraction to the same gender </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Gay” refers to a male homosexual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Lesbian” refers to a female homosexual </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bisexuality – Sexual attraction toward both genders </li></ul>
    22. 22. Bonds Between People <ul><li>Love </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotional attachment of various levels </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Intimacy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing of deep feelings </li></ul></ul>
    23. 23. Qualities of Healthy Relationships <ul><li>Partners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feel safe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treat each other with respect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enjoy spending time with each other </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trust each other </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have open communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are interested in each other </li></ul></ul>
    24. 24. Bonds Between People <ul><li>Communication in relationships </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Key to all healthy relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recognizing unhealthy relationships </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Excessive jealousy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dishonesty, irresponsibility, lack of patience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drug abuse </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ending a relationship </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Respect and courtesy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep message clear and simple </li></ul></ul>
    25. 25. Relationships and Lifestyles <ul><li>Singlehood </li></ul><ul><li>Cohabitation </li></ul><ul><li>Gay and Lesbian Partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Same-Sex Marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Single parenthood </li></ul><ul><li>Marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Divorce </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Half of all marriages end in divorce </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unrealistic expectations </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. Chapter Twelve: Understanding Sexuality
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