Managing Stress
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Managing Stress

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Managing Stress Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Chapter Three: Managing Stress
  • 2. What Is Stress?
    • Stress
      • Physiological and psychological state of disruption
    • Stressor
      • Factors or events, real or imagined, that elicit a state of stress
    • Eustress
      • Stress that enhances quality of life
    • Distress
      • Stress that diminishes quality of life
  • 3. Stress Response
    • Physiological and psychological responses to positive or negative events that are disruptive, unexpected, or stimulating
    • Learned and conditioned habits adopted early in life
    • Basic human survival mechanism
  • 4. Fight or Flight Response
    • Physiological changes that prepare the body for confrontation or avoidance
      • Brain
      • Sympathetic nervous system
      • Adrenal glands
  • 5. Resolving Stress
    • Adaptive Stress Response
    Chronic Stress Response
  • 6. General Adaptation Syndrome: Three Stages of Stress
    • Alarm —the fight or flight response
    • Resistance —the body attempts to reestablish equilibrium
    • Exhaustion —the physical and psychological resources used to deal with stress are depleted
  • 7. The Stress Response
  • 8. Physical Toll of Stress
    • Hypertension
    • Stroke
    • Heart disease
    • Kidney disorders
    • Depression
    • Alcoholism
    • Gastrointestinal problems
    • Autoimmune disorders
    • Sexual dysfunctions
  • 9. Effects of Stress
    • Stress and immunity
      • Chronic stress may cause the immune system to be under- or overactive
    • Stress and cardiovascular disease
      • Type A personality: Competitive, ambitious impatient
        • Associated with heart attacks
      • Type B personality: Relaxed, patient
  • 10. Benefits of Stress
    • Moderate levels
      • Motivating
      • Energizing
      • Productive
  • 11. Yerkes-Dodson law
  • 12. Student Stressors: Interpersonal
    • Homesickness
      • One of the most common problems facing college students
      • Often doesn’t hit until a few weeks or a month after the big move
    • Relationship problems
      • Very common stressor
      • Difficulty maintaining long-distance relationships
      • Loosing touch with old friends
  • 13. Student Stressors: Balancing Work and School
  • 14. Student Stressors: Academic
    • Test anxiety
    • Speech anxiety
    • Math anxiety
  • 15. Student Stressors: Internal
    • Procrastination
    • Perfectionism
    • Problems with goal setting and time management
  • 16. Other Stressors
    • Job stressors
      • Conflict with coworkers
      • Unrealistic work loads
      • Tight deadlines and last minute projects
    • Technological stressors
    • Environmental stressors
  • 17. Stress and Gender
  • 18. How Americans Cope with Stress
  • 19. Physical Aspects of Stress Management
    • Sleep
    • Exercise
    • Nutrition
  • 20. Social Aspects of Stress Management
    • Make time to have fun and play
    • Laughter is effective
    • Human contact through social connections
    • Pets can reduce stress
  • 21. Environmental Aspects of Stress Management
    • Reduce noise levels
    • Amount/type of light
    • Meaningful and challenging experiences
    • Aesthetic quality of inhabited space
      • Color
      • Plants
      • Photos
      • Smell
  • 22. Psychological Aspects of Stress Management
    • Relaxation and deep breathing
    • Progressive muscle relaxation (PMR)
    • Guided imagery and visualization
    • Meditation
    • Hypnosis
    • Biofeedback
  • 23. Cognitive Aspects of Stress Management
    • Time management
      • Assess your habits
      • Use a planner
      • Set goals and prioritize
    • Stress inoculation
    • Cognitive self-talk
    • Conquering procrastination
    • Combating perfectionism
  • 24. Chapter Three: Managing Stress