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Becoming an Informed Consumer

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  • Image source: Ryan McVay/Getty Images
  • Transcript

    • 1. Chapter Fourteen Becoming an Informed Health Care Consumer
    • 2. Sources of Health Information
      • Family and friends
      • Advertisements and commercials
      • Labels and directions
      • Folklore
      • Testimonials
      • Mass media
      • Health practitioners
      • Online computer services
    • 3. Sources of Health Information (cont.)
      • Health reference publications
      • Reference libraries
      • Consumer advocacy groups
      • Voluntary health agencies
      • Government agencies
      • Qualified health educators
    • 4. Why People Consult Health Care Providers
      • Diagnosis of a health problem
      • Treatment of a health problem
      • Screening for potential problems
      • Consultation about a health concern
      • Prevention of disease processes
    • 5. Physicians and Their Training
      • Primary care physicians
        • Health care providers who see patients on a routine basis
        • Often focus on preventive care
      • Physicians
        • Doctor of Medicine (MD)
        • Doctor of Osteopathy (DO)
    • 6. Complementary, Alternative, and Integrative Care Practitioners
      • Chiropractic
        • Manual manipulation of the vertebral column to relieve misalignments and cure illness
        • Third-largest health profession in the U.S.
        • Medical training largely mirrors that of primary care physicians
        • May work within conventional medical groups on postural conditions
    • 7. Complementary, Alternative, and Integrative Care Practitioners (cont.)
      • Acupuncture
        • Insertion of fine needles into the body to alter electroenergy fields
        • Balance forces within the body to strengthen qi
      • Manipulative Practices
        • Massage, reflexology, rolfing, etc.
      • Homeopathy
        • Use of minute doses of herbs, minerals, or other substances to stimulate healing
    • 8. Complementary, Alternative, and Integrative Care Practitioners (cont.)
      • Naturopathy
        • Emphasis on the use of natural agents to correct underlying imbalances
      • Herbalism
        • Use of herbal preparations for treatment
      • Therapeutic touch
        • Biofield therapy
      • Ayurveda
        • Traditional Indian medicine
        • Treatment directed toward the elimination of impurities
    • 9. National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM)
      • Provides framework for well-controlled research into effectiveness of alternative approaches to medicine
      • Information available online
      • http:// nccam.nih.gov
    • 10. Restricted-Practice Health Care Providers
      • Dentists (DDS)
      • Psychologists (PhD/EdD)
      • Podiatrists (DPM)
      • Optometrists (OD)
      • Opticians
        • Technicians under the scope of optometrists/ophthalmologists
      • Nurse professionals (APN, RN, LPN)
      • Allied health care professionals
    • 11. Self-Care/ Home Care
      • A trend toward individuals taking increased responsibility for prevention/management of certain health conditions
      • Benefits are:
        • Reduced costs
        • Effective care for particular conditions
        • Frees up time for medical specialists to spend with other patients
        • Increased interest in health-related activities
    • 12. Health Care Facilities
      • Types of hospitals
        • Private
        • Public
        • Voluntary
      • Other facilities include:
        • Nursing homes
        • Rehabilitation centers
        • Private clinics/centers
    • 13. Health Care Costs and Reimbursements
      • Health insurance
        • Group versus individual plans
        • High-deductible health plans with health savings accounts
      • Medicare and Medicaid
      • Health maintenance organizations (HMO)
      • Extended or long-term care insurance
      • Access to health care
        • 46+ million uninsured Americans
    • 14. Health-Related Products
      • Prescription drugs
      • Research and development of new drugs
        • Long process
      • Generic drugs
      • Over-the-counter drugs
    • 15. New Drug Development and Approval
    • 16. Prescription vs. Over-the-Counter Drugs (OTC)
      • Prescription drugs must be ordered for patients by a licensed practitioner
      • Active ingredient is typically a higher concentration than OTC
      • Price is much higher than OTC
      • Both are sold as brand name and generic
      • Both are regulated by the FDA
    • 17. Over-the-Counter Drug Label
    • 18. Health Care Consumer Fraud
      • Earning money by marketing
        • Inaccurate health information
        • Unreliable health care
        • Ineffective health products
    • 19. Chapter Fourteen: Becoming an Informed Health-Care Consumer