Becoming an Informed Consumer
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Becoming an Informed Consumer

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Becoming an Informed Consumer Becoming an Informed Consumer Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter Fourteen Becoming an Informed Health Care Consumer
  • Sources of Health Information
    • Family and friends
    • Advertisements and commercials
    • Labels and directions
    • Folklore
    • Testimonials
    • Mass media
    • Health practitioners
    • Online computer services
  • Sources of Health Information (cont.)
    • Health reference publications
    • Reference libraries
    • Consumer advocacy groups
    • Voluntary health agencies
    • Government agencies
    • Qualified health educators
  • Why People Consult Health Care Providers
    • Diagnosis of a health problem
    • Treatment of a health problem
    • Screening for potential problems
    • Consultation about a health concern
    • Prevention of disease processes
  • Physicians and Their Training
    • Primary care physicians
      • Health care providers who see patients on a routine basis
      • Often focus on preventive care
    • Physicians
      • Doctor of Medicine (MD)
      • Doctor of Osteopathy (DO)
  • Complementary, Alternative, and Integrative Care Practitioners
    • Chiropractic
      • Manual manipulation of the vertebral column to relieve misalignments and cure illness
      • Third-largest health profession in the U.S.
      • Medical training largely mirrors that of primary care physicians
      • May work within conventional medical groups on postural conditions
  • Complementary, Alternative, and Integrative Care Practitioners (cont.)
    • Acupuncture
      • Insertion of fine needles into the body to alter electroenergy fields
      • Balance forces within the body to strengthen qi
    • Manipulative Practices
      • Massage, reflexology, rolfing, etc.
    • Homeopathy
      • Use of minute doses of herbs, minerals, or other substances to stimulate healing
  • Complementary, Alternative, and Integrative Care Practitioners (cont.)
    • Naturopathy
      • Emphasis on the use of natural agents to correct underlying imbalances
    • Herbalism
      • Use of herbal preparations for treatment
    • Therapeutic touch
      • Biofield therapy
    • Ayurveda
      • Traditional Indian medicine
      • Treatment directed toward the elimination of impurities
  • National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM)
    • Provides framework for well-controlled research into effectiveness of alternative approaches to medicine
    • Information available online
    • http:// nccam.nih.gov
  • Restricted-Practice Health Care Providers
    • Dentists (DDS)
    • Psychologists (PhD/EdD)
    • Podiatrists (DPM)
    • Optometrists (OD)
    • Opticians
      • Technicians under the scope of optometrists/ophthalmologists
    • Nurse professionals (APN, RN, LPN)
    • Allied health care professionals
  • Self-Care/ Home Care
    • A trend toward individuals taking increased responsibility for prevention/management of certain health conditions
    • Benefits are:
      • Reduced costs
      • Effective care for particular conditions
      • Frees up time for medical specialists to spend with other patients
      • Increased interest in health-related activities
  • Health Care Facilities
    • Types of hospitals
      • Private
      • Public
      • Voluntary
    • Other facilities include:
      • Nursing homes
      • Rehabilitation centers
      • Private clinics/centers
  • Health Care Costs and Reimbursements
    • Health insurance
      • Group versus individual plans
      • High-deductible health plans with health savings accounts
    • Medicare and Medicaid
    • Health maintenance organizations (HMO)
    • Extended or long-term care insurance
    • Access to health care
      • 46+ million uninsured Americans
  • Health-Related Products
    • Prescription drugs
    • Research and development of new drugs
      • Long process
    • Generic drugs
    • Over-the-counter drugs
  • New Drug Development and Approval
  • Prescription vs. Over-the-Counter Drugs (OTC)
    • Prescription drugs must be ordered for patients by a licensed practitioner
    • Active ingredient is typically a higher concentration than OTC
    • Price is much higher than OTC
    • Both are sold as brand name and generic
    • Both are regulated by the FDA
  • Over-the-Counter Drug Label
  • Health Care Consumer Fraud
    • Earning money by marketing
      • Inaccurate health information
      • Unreliable health care
      • Ineffective health products
  • Chapter Fourteen: Becoming an Informed Health-Care Consumer