Reflexive verbs - in French

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An introduction to reflexive verbs in French.

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Reflexive verbs - in French

  1. 1. REFLEXIVE VERBS
  2. 2. Reflexive verbs show that the subject of theverb is performing the action uponhimself, herself, or itself.Examples: se baigner- to bathe / to swim se lever- to get (oneself) upREFLEXIVE VERBS
  3. 3. 1. Change the reflexive pronoun (se or s’) toagree with the subject. Here are the reflexivepronouns:REFLEXIVE VERBS – CONJUGATIONPronoun ReflexivePronounEnglish MeaningJe Me MyselfTu Te YourselfIl/Elle/On Se Himself / HerselfNous Nous OurselvesVous Vous Yourself or YourselvesIls/Elles Se Themselves or Each Other
  4. 4. 2. Then conjugate the infinitive(-er, -ir, -re, or irregular verb).Ex. Se coucher (to go to bed)REFLEXIVE VERBS – CONJUGATIONSingulier PlurielJe me couche Nous nous couchonsTu te couches Vous vous couchezIl/Elle se couche Ils/Elles se couchent
  5. 5. 2. Then conjugate the infinitive(-er, -ir, -re, or irregular verb).Ex. Se doucher (to shower)REFLEXIVE VERBS – CONJUGATIONSingulier PlurielJe me douche Nous nous douchonsTu te douches Vous vous douchezIl/Elle se douche Ils/Elles se douchent
  6. 6.  When doing the negative form of a reflexive verb,you still use the ne…pas sandwich. Example: Se leverREFLEXIVE VERBS – NEGATIVESingulier PlurielJe ne me lève pas Nous ne nous levons pasTu ne te lèves pas Vous ne vous levez pasIl/Elle ne se lève pas Ils/Elles ne se levent pas
  7. 7.  When doing the negative form ofa reflexive verb, you still use thene…pas sandwich. Example: S’habillerREFLEXIVE VERBS – NEGATIVESingulier PlurielJe ne m’habille pas Nous ne nous habillons pasTu ne t’habilles pas Vous ne vous habillez pasIl/Elle ne s’habille pas Ils/Elles ne s’habillent pas
  8. 8.  Usually reflexive pronouns go directly in front of theconjugated verb. Example: Je me couche. Exceptions1. When there is an infinitive verb, the reflexiveobject pronouns goes in front of the infinitive. Example: Je vais me laver. (I’m going to washmyself).WHERE TO PUTTHE REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS
  9. 9.  Exceptions2. When there is acommand… the reflexive pronouns goafter the conjugated verb. The reflexive pronounsalso change for some! Examples: Lave-toi Levez-vousNormalReflexivePronounReflexivePronouns forcommandsJe MoiTu ToiIl/Elle Il/ElleNous NousVous VousIls/Elles Ills/EllesWHERE TO PUTTHE REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS
  10. 10. COMMONREFLEXIVE VERBS
  11. 11. COMMON REFLEXIVE VERBSReflexive verb English meanings’amuser to have fun / to amuse oneselfse baigner to bathese brosser (les cheveux, les dents) to brush (ones hair, ones teeth)se casser (la jambe, le bras) to break (ones leg, ones arm)se coiffer to fix ones hairse coucher to go to bedse couper to cut oneselfse dépêcher to hurry upse habiller / se déshabiller to get dressed / to get undressedse lever to get upse raser to shavese réveiller to wake up
  12. 12. REFLEXIVEANDNON-REFLEXIVE
  13. 13. REFLEXIVE & NON-REFLEXIVEIt is important to note that most reflexiveverbs can also be used in a non-reflexiveway. Example:Reflexive Non-reflexiveJe me brosse les dents Je brosse les dents de mafille.I brush my teeth. I brush my daughter’s teeth.
  14. 14. Sometimes the meaning of the verb actuallychanges. Common verbs of this type include:REFLEXIVE & NON-REFLEXIVENon-reflexive ReflexiveDemander – to ask Se demander – to wonderEnnuyer – to annoy S’ennuyer – to be boredPasser - to go past/to spendtimeSe passer – to happenSentir – to smell something Se sentir – to feelTrouver – to find Se trouver – to be in a place

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