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# Direction and Bearings

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A brief introduction to direction and bearings, suitable for middle school students.

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### Direction and Bearings

1. 1. Directions and Bearings Created by tbonnar.
2. 2. Directions and Bearings• There are eight major directions that we commonly use. The first four are called the cardinal directions.
3. 3. Directions and Bearings • Sometimes, another four directions are added. So there are directions like Southeast (SE) and Northwest (NW)
4. 4. Directions and Bearings• Occasionally, sixteen directions are used. Example WSW = Westsouthwest
5. 5. Directions and Bearings • With more than sixteen directions, things get quite confusing, so we use numbers called bearings.
6. 6. Directions and Bearings• There are 360° of bearings. If we use decimals, there are even more (∞ in fact). We commonly use only 360 though.
7. 7. Directions and Bearings • All of these bearings and directions appear on magnetic compasses, which are used to figure out directions and calculate exact bearings. Today of course, many people use GPS systems instead of “old-fashioned” compasses.
8. 8. Directions and Bearings• A simple protractor can be used to calculate bearings on a diagram or map.
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