Published on

Published in: Spiritual
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide


  1. 1. G .R.A.P.E.S. Geography
  2. 2. Location <ul><li>Rome was built on seven hills </li></ul><ul><li>Rome is located on the west coast of mainland Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Rome is located by the Tiber River </li></ul>
  3. 3. Expansion <ul><li>Rome started off as a small city in Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Rome had a rival called Carthage who they conquered at the end of the 3rd Punic War </li></ul><ul><li>By 180 A.D. Rome was as big as the U.S. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Landscape <ul><li>Rome had plenty of land that was perfect for farming </li></ul><ul><li>Some areas in Rome were very dry </li></ul><ul><li>Rome had a very rugged landscape because of the many mountains it has </li></ul>
  5. 5. Weather/Climate <ul><li>Rome’s winters were mild while the summers were very dry and hot </li></ul><ul><li>Ash was usually in the air which caused some pollution that irritated people </li></ul><ul><li>The winds are extremely strong near the coast </li></ul>
  6. 6. G. R .A.P.E.S. Religion
  7. 7. Paul and His Journeys <ul><li>Paul created many Christian churches in Rome and Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Paul was arrested many times but didn’t lose faith in his work </li></ul><ul><li>Paul wrote epistles, letters in the Bible, while he was in jail </li></ul>
  8. 8. Spread of Christianity <ul><li>The Pax Romana helped Christians travel safely from place to place </li></ul><ul><li>People liked the idea that God thinks everyone is equal </li></ul><ul><li>People thought it was better to have a monotheistic religion rather than a polytheistic </li></ul>
  9. 9. Christianity <ul><li>Christians were persecuted but eventually Romans accepted their beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>Paul built Christian churches everywhere in Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity became highly popular in Rome </li></ul>
  10. 10. Jesus <ul><li>Jesus is the son of God that came to Earth </li></ul><ul><li>He had many followers that spread his beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>He was crucified by Pontius Pilate </li></ul>
  11. 11. G.R. A .P.E.S. Achievements
  12. 12. Science <ul><li>Ptolemy had theories that the Earth was the center of the universe </li></ul><ul><li>Ptolemy’s theory was thought to be true for over 1200 years </li></ul><ul><li>Hypatia was a mathematician who was murdered by Christians </li></ul>
  13. 13. Concrete <ul><li>Concrete was used for many sculptures </li></ul><ul><li>Concrete was used for flooring in wealthy Roman homes </li></ul><ul><li>Romans used concrete for large structures </li></ul>
  14. 14. Medicine/Healthcare <ul><li>Galen dissected animals and recorded their anatomies </li></ul><ul><li>Galen discovered that arteries carried blood, not air </li></ul><ul><li>Using medicine and tools, doctors healed many gladiators </li></ul>
  15. 15. Roads <ul><li>Key roads always led to Rome </li></ul><ul><li>More than 50,000 miles of road went through the Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Roads helped the military move quicker </li></ul>
  16. 16. G.R.A. P .E.S. Politics
  17. 17. Republic <ul><li>Rome went from a monarchy to an oligarchy </li></ul><ul><li>The Consuls were the head of the Republic, with Senators and Tribunes in the middle, and the Assembly near the bottom </li></ul><ul><li>The Republic was a tripartite government </li></ul>
  18. 18. Empire <ul><li>The Romans combined military strength with diplomacy to create the Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Rome offered its conquered people peace, as long as some of them offered to fight for Rome in return </li></ul><ul><li>Rome was a rival of Carthage when it became an Empire </li></ul>
  19. 19. Pax Romana <ul><li>The Pax Romana was a period of peace that Augustus had brought to Rome </li></ul><ul><li>During the Pax Romana merchants could trade safely because they didn’t have to worry about enemy vessels </li></ul><ul><li>Julius Caesar risked another Civil war by crossing the Rubicon River </li></ul>
  20. 20. Choosing Leaders <ul><li>The Republic chose leaders by voting </li></ul><ul><li>The Empire had the praetorian Guard choose the emperor </li></ul><ul><li>The emperor usually used bribes to become the emperor </li></ul>
  21. 21. G.R.A.P. E .S. Economy
  22. 22. Trade <ul><li>Rome had many sea routes that merchants could travel and trade with other merchants </li></ul><ul><li>Many goods were traded all across Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Most sea routes took 10-30 days to travel because Rome was so large </li></ul>
  23. 23. Inflation <ul><li>Rome suffered rising prices after Marcus Aurelius became emperor </li></ul><ul><li>Gold became scarce so less was used in coins which caused merchants to increase prices </li></ul><ul><li>People started to barter for goods because of prices </li></ul>
  24. 24. Unemployment <ul><li>Latifundias put small farmers out of business </li></ul><ul><li>Slave labor put farmers in the lower class because of job loss </li></ul><ul><li>Because of unemployment most people had no choice but to live on the streets </li></ul>
  25. 25. Excessive Military Spending <ul><li>The military left none of the budget for education </li></ul><ul><li>Rome could not maintain most of its cities </li></ul><ul><li>The government raised taxes because they needed more money for their cities </li></ul>
  26. 26. G.R.A.P.E. S . Social Structure
  27. 27. Urban Decay <ul><li>Wealthy Romans lived in a Domus </li></ul><ul><li>Poor Romans lived in dark, smelly rooms </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone who could not pay rent lived on the streets </li></ul>
  28. 28. Classes <ul><li>Patricians made up the upper class </li></ul><ul><li>Plebeians made up the lower class </li></ul><ul><li>The military and emperor made up the very top class </li></ul>
  29. 29. Family Values <ul><li>Roman family was centered around men </li></ul><ul><li>The father of a baby chose to keep the baby or let it die if it was sick </li></ul><ul><li>Women raised children and cooked for their families </li></ul>
  30. 30. Family History <ul><li>A man’s name reflected what clan he belonged to </li></ul><ul><li>A woman’s name represented if she was older or younger than her siblings </li></ul><ul><li>A woman added her husband’s name to hers when they got married </li></ul>
  31. 31. My Opinion <ul><li>The most important thing I learned about Rome is their form of government. Their Republican form of government influenced the U.S. and other countries in the world to have a Republican form of government. I think it is important to have the citizens elect their leaders instead of a leader bribing or assassinating the current leader to become the nation’s ruler. Rome’s Republican form of government has had big impact on today’s countries. </li></ul>