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  • 1. Geography
  • 2. Location
    • Rome was built on seven hills.
    • Rome was located near the west coast of Italy.
    • Rome was also located close to the Tiber River.
  • 3. expansion
    • Many people thought that expansion in the Roman empire either helped or went against people.
    • Tiberius Gracchus thought that expansion hurt the roman empire cause it drove small farmers off their land.
    • Along with his brother Gaius the poor were able to maintain their land.
  • 4. Climate
    • Farming in Rome was great especially with their climate.
    • The Romans happily enjoyed the Mediterranean climate cause it gave the dirt more soil.
    • With their arable land they were able to grow crops such as vegetables,grains,and olives.
  • 5. Punic wars
    • As Carthage’s power grew in the Mediterranean Rome began to take its limits to Carthage’s expansion.
    • A general from Carthage Hannibal decided to lead his army through the alps.
    • Once they got through the alps Hannibal had lost half his elephants and one quarter of his army.
  • 6. Religion
  • 7. Judaism
    • Judaism originated in the Middle East.
    • Judaism spread beyond where they first developed.
    • Jews lived in many parts of the Roman Empire.
  • 8. Christianity
    • Christianity is the official religion of Rome.
    • All Christians spread among all non-Jews
    • Paul helped to spread early Christianity.
  • 9. Etruscan mysticism
    • The Etruscans believed that gods gave them signs in nature.
    • They tried to interpret lightning before they went into battle.
    • Etruscan diviners used the stars to plan the layouts of their cities.
  • 10. Greek Mythology
    • Myths about the gods and goddesses functioned as their religion to the ancient Greeks.
    • Greeks conducted elaborate ritual and sacrifices to please gods.
    • Gods and Goddesses controlled all aspects of their life.
  • 11. Achievements
  • 12. Latin Language
    • The roman‘s were able to establish a written and spoken language.
    • They were able to make Latin speaking language.
    • Today we are able to use Latin Roots to make new words.
  • 13. Military organization
    • What was so great about their military was they were able to move quickly.
    • Not only were they able to move quickly they were able to attack quickly.
    • The Romans with being able to move out and to attack they were the most feared empire.
  • 14. Development of aqueducts
    • Aqueducts was a great invention cause they were able to get water through them.
    • The aqueducts were able to send the water through out the empire.
    • The water that came through the aqueduct was fresh water.
  • 15. Republican form of government
    • The Roman’s were able to make a new system of government.
    • This system of government allowed anybody to vote it did not matter if you were in the high class the middle class or the lower class.
    • The cool thing about this system of government was that their was no class that dominated.
  • 16. political
  • 17. Political corruption
    • One of Rome’s serious problems was choosing a new emperor.
    • The Roman’s never created an effective system to determine who would be the next emperor.
    • For this reason, the choice of a new emperor was chosen in an open debate.
  • 18. Tiberius Gracchus
    • Tiberius Gracchus was born into a well plebian family.
    • Tiberius Gracchus was elected into tribune.
    • Until one day he was killed in a assembly along with 300 of his followers.
  • 19. Gauis Gracchus
    • Gauis the youngest brother of Tiberius was elected into tribune for two successful years.
    • He increased his power through the assembly.
    • With Gauis attempting to appose with the senate broke into bloody riots.
  • 20. Law and order
    • Rome had many crime scenes that is why guards mostly guarded the wealthy.
    • People who did crimes were summoned to court.
    • The roman senate were the most powerful branch beside the ruler.
  • 21. Economy
  • 22. unemployment
    • A farmer who had to pay workmen could not produce goods cheap.
    • Therefore slave owners could sell their crops for lower prices.
    • Thousands of these men filled the cities with no jobs.
  • 23. Trade
    • The Romans traded with many countries.
    • Rome sometimes traded with countries along the Mediterranean Sea.
    • Rome since it was in Italy mostly traded with Byzantium.
  • 24. inflation
    • The roman economy suffered inflation beginning after the reign of Marcus Aurelius.
    • Once the roman's stopped conquering land gold decreased into the roman economy.
    • Yet gold was being spent by the the Roman’s to pay for luxury items.
  • 25. Excessive military spending to defend the empire
    • Maintaining an army to defend the boarders from barbarian attacks was a constant drain on the government.
    • Military spending left few resources for other activities.
    • In the latter years of the roman empire frustrated Roman’s lost desire to fight for empire.
  • 26. Social structure
  • 27. Urban decay
    • Wealthy Roman’s lived in houses with marble walls and intricate colored tiles.
    • Most Roman’s were not rich.
    • They lived in small smelly apartment houses called islands.
  • 28. Role of men
    • The roman families are patriarchal, this means that their families are surrounded with men.
    • The father or grandfather in a roman family is called a paterfamilias.
    • His place in the house hold is the king in the old monarchy.
  • 29. Role of women
    • Roman women had an advantage over women in Greece.
    • In Rome a lady could own personal property.
    • Although Roman law required that women must have male guardians thought their lives.
  • 30. Patrons and clients
    • Another important tradition in Roman society involved patrons and clients.
    • Patrons were patricians or wealthy plebeians and clients were poorer plebeians.
    • Patrons offered assistance to clients in return their political support.
  • 31. Conclusion
    • What I think that was most important thing I learned about Ancient Rome was the network of concrete roads. I think that was a great achievement because it helped people travel and trade. Another thing is that they we were able to use this idea in today's world.