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  • 1. Geography Grapes
  • 2. Rome
    • Rome was a capital based on a peninsula over the Mediterranean sea.
    • Many Romans believed that Rome was made by two brothers named Romulus and Remus.
    • Italy, in which Rome is located, is next to France and Spain.
  • 3. Location
    • Rome is nearly on the banks of the Tiber river.
    • Rome is in Italy which is on a peninsula.
    • Rome is north of the island called Sicily.
  • 4. Origins (the beginning of Rome)
    • Romans believed that Rome was founded in 753 b.c.e, but historians believe otherwise.
    • Rome only had seven kings before one of them was overthrown, hence the beginning of the roman republic.
    • Rome is so old, that it is now called the eternal city.
  • 5. Landscape
    • Rome is surrounded by high amounts of grass
    • Rome is planted right next to Mediterranean sea.
    • Rome is south of the Alp mountains
  • 6. Religion Grapes
  • 7. Christianity
    • Christianity is believed to have been formed around the date of four B.C.E.
    • Christianity is a religion that stresses upon doing good for others.
    • Christians believed that it was important to forgive and forget about all the things the Romans had done to them.
  • 8. Jewish Diaspora
    • The forming of Jewish practices is believed to have formed in the second century.
    • When founded, the Jewish population was vastly large.
    • Historians believe that a great number of Jewish recordings come from ancient Greek or Latin sources.
  • 9. Tolerance
    • The tolerance level of different religions in Rome was at first very high, until it came to be that there were more religions coming to be in Rome.
    • For example, the corrupt-with-power emperor Nero tried to blame a great fire on the Christians, saying that the Christians hated all human beings and were trying to provoke the end of the world, as they foretold.
    • Hadrian, another emperor, despised Jewish peoples, and in doing so, killed many if them.
  • 10. Etruscan beliefs
    • Etruscan religion was the fundamental idea that all living things on earth were controlled by Deities.
    • It was a revealed religion, as was Jewish beliefs and Christianity.
    • The Etruscan priests were known as augurs.
  • 11. Achievements Grapes
  • 12. Military organization
    • The Roman military was based upon cooperation and discipline.
    • The Romans made a formation called the phalanx, in which was based upon trust of the soldier standing next to you.
    • The Romans sometimes defeated their enemies by legions, or 4,000 to 5,000 men in a large group.
  • 13. Aqueducts
    • Aqueducts stored water until needed.
    • The aqueducts also provided drinking water for many people at a time.
    • It not only provided drinking water, but it also produced water for everyday use.
  • 14. Network Of Concrete Roads
    • Concrete roads made travel easier for common traders.
    • Concrete roads were easier to follow, rather than dirt paths.
    • The concrete roads also made walking in Rome more organized.
  • 15. Development Of The Dome
    • The Dome was used on nearly all important buildings.
    • The dome was considered an elegant building.
    • Roman domes were used on many temples.
  • 16. Politics Grapes
  • 17. Emperors
    • Augustus was Rome’s first emperor.
    • Trajan restored the Italian road system.
    • Hadrian was the executioner of many Jewish peoples.
  • 18. Roman Republic
    • The citizens of Rome had earned the right to vote for Roman leaders of officials.
    • The Roman Republic was not at first a democracy.
    • The roman republic logo was SPQR (Senatus Populusive Romanes)
  • 19. Government
    • Roman government was part monarchy, part, aristocracy, and part democracy.
    • The Roman emperor was at the top of the governmental structure.
    • The senate was right below the emperor in governmental power.
  • 20. The Twelve Tables
    • The twelve tables were laws consisting of 1. Courts and trials 2. Trials (continued) 3. Debt 4. Family rights 5.legal guardians and inheritance 6. Gaining and possessing property 7. Land rights 8. Unlawful acts and penalties 9. Laws on government 10. Laws on religion 11. And 12. Additional laws.
    • The most important law (in my opinion) is law 8.
  • 21. Economy grapes
  • 22. Unemployment
    • The increase of food production made the prices fall for crops, hence the starting of farmers becoming jobless.
    • The farmers became jobless because the farm was worth as much as it used to be, and they were being bought of by wealthy landowners.
    • When the farmers lost there land, they fled to seek other jobs, finding that the slaves had already occupied the job.
  • 23. Inflation
    • As conquered land produced goods, they price of items decreased, making it so that the seller didn’t get as much out of it as it used to cost.
    • The amount of gold increased, making them less valuable.
    • Gold was used in coins, and when the value dropped the coins’ worth also decreased.
  • 24. Slavery
    • The slaves occupied there time by doing small jobs for little pay.
    • The slaves were mainly gained during the Punic Wars.
    • The population of slaves equaled around 35 to 45%.
  • 25. Jobs
    • Many farmers lost their jobs as food producers.
    • Many architects specialized in making buildings for the Roman Empire.
    • Some potters specialized in making pots, pans, jugs, etc.
  • 26. Social Structure Grapes
  • 27. The Role Of Men
    • The Roman man was the head of the household.
    • He owned all of the family property and belongings.
    • Although the husband/father was the head of the family, he had to treat his wife and children with respect.
  • 28. The Role Of Women
    • Roman women could own personal property, unlike women in Greece.
    • The women had to bear their children and raise them so they could honor traditional values.
    • They had to be faithful wives and mothers, while keeping the house nice and pretty.
  • 29. Patrons And Clients
    • Patrons were sometimes wealthy landowners or merchants.
    • Clients were sometimes poor peasants or farmers.
    • Although the patrons always helped the clients, the patrons always expected something in return.
  • 30. Patricians And Plebeians
    • The patricians were strongly favored in society.
    • Plebeians had little or no influence in government or society.
    • Many poor plebeians had to take high-costing loans just to survive.
    • I think that the most important thing I learned about ancient Rome was that the ancient Romans were vastly dependent on one another, being that many of them were poor, and people like Julius Caesar tried to help them and, in doing so, succeeded greatly.