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    502ppt 502ppt Presentation Transcript

    • Geography
    • Location
      • Rome was built on 7 hills
      • Rome was on the banks of the Tiber River
      • Rome was the west coast of Ital
    • Trade
      • Rome traded with Syria
      • Traded for land
      • Also traded with Spain and Gual
    • Expansion
      • The Punic Wars caused the gain of land
      • The expansion had a bad effect too because as it grew, farmers started not to make a good living for their families
      • Also as the land grew more slaves started to take over the farmers jobs
    • Punic Wars
      • The cause of the first Punic War is Rome sent troops to Sicily
      • The cause of the second Punic War was Hannable wanted to conquer Rome
      • The cause of the third Punic War was Rome wanted to defeat Carthage
    • Religion
    • Judaism
      • Judaism started in the middle east
      • Judaism spread far from wear it started
      • Jews migrated to the Mediterranean Sea by 300 A.D
    • Christianity
      • Christianity started in the middle east
      • Christianity started in the middle east
      • Christianity was the official religion of Rome
    • Etruscan Mysticism
      • Etruscans believed that goods gave them signs in nature
      • Etruscans interpreted lightning before going into battle
      • Etruscans diviners used stars to plan the layout of their cities
      • Etruscans read the organs of animals before conducting burials
    • Roman Beliefs
      • Romans believe to have their families cremated
      • Romans believed that they should worship in modest surroundings
      • Roman artist believed that they should only paint religious scenes on walls
    • Achievements
    • Latin Language
      • Latin was the main language of Rome
      • Many of our words today come from Latin roots
      • Many people now know how to speak Latin because of the Romans
    • Spread of Greek Ideas
      • Philosophy, literature, and architecture were forms of Greek ideas
      • One of the Greek architectural buildings are temples
      • Greek ideas developed from primitive religious rights honoring gods, which theater is a form of literature
    • Concrete Roads
      • Concrete roads were made in 100 A.D.
      • Concrete roads were used for trade and travel
      • Concrete roads helped people get around easier
    • Aqueducts
      • Aqueducts brought water to Romans
      • Aqueducts carried water throughout Roman cities
      • Lead pipes ran through cities and flowed into fountains
    • Politics
    • Role of Law
      • Romans believed written laws should rule them
      • Over time Roman laws changed to give more rights to common people
      • By 445 B.C. the law code altered so that it allowed Plebeians to marry Patricians
      • In later years laws allowed Plebeians to become priest
      • Political Corruption
    • Political Corruption
      • 1 of Rome’s most serious problems was choosing new emperors
      • Romans never created an effective system to determine how new emperors were chosen
      • Mainly, the Praetorian Guard gained complete authority to choose the new emperor
      • In 186 A.D. they began selling the throne to the highest bidder
    • Trajan
      • Trajan reduced taxes, increased free distribution of food, took steps to maintain supply of grain
      • Trajan undertook a major building company to improve the quality of life
      • Trajan established military colonies
      • Trajan also supervised the construction of several impressive structures
      • One bad thing Trajan did was encourage blood sport events
    • Augustus
      • Augustus was the first emperor of Rome
      • Augustus failed to keep his empire safe
      • He also established the fire department and police force
    • Economy
    • Farming
      • Farming was the backbone of Rome’s food supply
      • Farming supplied grain
      • Farmers took up over 90% of Rome’s population
    • trade
      • Romans traded by roads
      • Romans traded also by sea
      • They traded silk and grain
      • Luxurious exotic goods that were traded were bronze statues, bottles and jars, games, musical instruments, chairs, linens, and artwork were mainly what the wealthy traded
    • Inflation
      • Rome economy suffered from inflation beginning after the reign of Marcus Aurelius
      • So much gold was being spent by the Romans for luxury items, which meant less gold to put in coins
      • To make up for the loss value of the gold coin, merchants raised prices on the goods they sold
      • Soon many people stopped using coins and started to barter for goods they needed
    • Unemployment
      • A farmer who had to pay his workmen could not produce goods cheaply Instead slave owners could sell their crops for cheaper prices At a point in time, the emperor was importing to feed over 100,000 people
    • Social Structure
    • Role of men
      • Most Roman families were patriarchal
      • As head of the house hold, a father had absolute power
      • The father had total control of his wife, children and slaves
    • Role of women
      • Legally, Roman women enjoyed a significant advantage over women in Greece because women could own personal property
      • The most important role was to bear children and raise them to honor traditional values
      • Women had to have a male authority figure
    • Patricians
      • Patricians were favored in Rome
      • Patricians ran the government through their control of senate
      • Patricians also acted as leaders in Rome social and economic life
    • Plebeians
      • Plebeians had little power and influence in government
      • Plebeians could not serve as priests Wealthy
      • Plebeians could not advance politically by marriage
    • Conclusion
      • The most important thing I learned in this unit was that now in our society, women have more privileges and can own as much land as they want to. The reason why is because I myself am a young lady and when I grow up I would like to own land to plant plants and to have the lands for other ideas