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  1. 1. Geography
  2. 2. Location <ul><li>Rome was built on 7 hills </li></ul><ul><li>Rome was on the banks of the Tiber River </li></ul><ul><li>Rome was the west coast of Ital </li></ul>
  3. 3. Trade <ul><li>Rome traded with Syria </li></ul><ul><li>Traded for land </li></ul><ul><li>Also traded with Spain and Gual </li></ul>
  4. 4. Expansion <ul><li>The Punic Wars caused the gain of land </li></ul><ul><li>The expansion had a bad effect too because as it grew, farmers started not to make a good living for their families </li></ul><ul><li>Also as the land grew more slaves started to take over the farmers jobs </li></ul>
  5. 5. Punic Wars <ul><li>The cause of the first Punic War is Rome sent troops to Sicily </li></ul><ul><li>The cause of the second Punic War was Hannable wanted to conquer Rome </li></ul><ul><li>The cause of the third Punic War was Rome wanted to defeat Carthage </li></ul>
  6. 6. Religion
  7. 7. Judaism <ul><li>Judaism started in the middle east </li></ul><ul><li>Judaism spread far from wear it started </li></ul><ul><li>Jews migrated to the Mediterranean Sea by 300 A.D </li></ul>
  8. 8. Christianity <ul><li>Christianity started in the middle east </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity started in the middle east </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity was the official religion of Rome </li></ul>
  9. 9. Etruscan Mysticism <ul><li>Etruscans believed that goods gave them signs in nature </li></ul><ul><li>Etruscans interpreted lightning before going into battle </li></ul><ul><li>Etruscans diviners used stars to plan the layout of their cities </li></ul><ul><li>Etruscans read the organs of animals before conducting burials </li></ul>
  10. 10. Roman Beliefs <ul><li>Romans believe to have their families cremated </li></ul><ul><li>Romans believed that they should worship in modest surroundings </li></ul><ul><li>Roman artist believed that they should only paint religious scenes on walls </li></ul>
  11. 11. Achievements
  12. 12. Latin Language <ul><li>Latin was the main language of Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Many of our words today come from Latin roots </li></ul><ul><li>Many people now know how to speak Latin because of the Romans </li></ul>
  13. 13. Spread of Greek Ideas <ul><li>Philosophy, literature, and architecture were forms of Greek ideas </li></ul><ul><li>One of the Greek architectural buildings are temples </li></ul><ul><li>Greek ideas developed from primitive religious rights honoring gods, which theater is a form of literature </li></ul>
  14. 14. Concrete Roads <ul><li>Concrete roads were made in 100 A.D. </li></ul><ul><li>Concrete roads were used for trade and travel </li></ul><ul><li>Concrete roads helped people get around easier </li></ul>
  15. 15. Aqueducts <ul><li>Aqueducts brought water to Romans </li></ul><ul><li>Aqueducts carried water throughout Roman cities </li></ul><ul><li>Lead pipes ran through cities and flowed into fountains </li></ul>
  16. 16. Politics
  17. 17. Role of Law <ul><li>Romans believed written laws should rule them </li></ul><ul><li>Over time Roman laws changed to give more rights to common people </li></ul><ul><li>By 445 B.C. the law code altered so that it allowed Plebeians to marry Patricians </li></ul><ul><li>In later years laws allowed Plebeians to become priest </li></ul><ul><li>Political Corruption </li></ul>
  18. 18. Political Corruption <ul><li>1 of Rome’s most serious problems was choosing new emperors </li></ul><ul><li>Romans never created an effective system to determine how new emperors were chosen </li></ul><ul><li>Mainly, the Praetorian Guard gained complete authority to choose the new emperor </li></ul><ul><li>In 186 A.D. they began selling the throne to the highest bidder </li></ul>
  19. 19. Trajan <ul><li>Trajan reduced taxes, increased free distribution of food, took steps to maintain supply of grain </li></ul><ul><li>Trajan undertook a major building company to improve the quality of life </li></ul><ul><li>Trajan established military colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Trajan also supervised the construction of several impressive structures </li></ul><ul><li>One bad thing Trajan did was encourage blood sport events </li></ul>
  20. 20. Augustus <ul><li>Augustus was the first emperor of Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Augustus failed to keep his empire safe </li></ul><ul><li>He also established the fire department and police force </li></ul>
  21. 21. Economy
  22. 22. Farming <ul><li>Farming was the backbone of Rome’s food supply </li></ul><ul><li>Farming supplied grain </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers took up over 90% of Rome’s population </li></ul>
  23. 23. trade <ul><li>Romans traded by roads </li></ul><ul><li>Romans traded also by sea </li></ul><ul><li>They traded silk and grain </li></ul><ul><li>Luxurious exotic goods that were traded were bronze statues, bottles and jars, games, musical instruments, chairs, linens, and artwork were mainly what the wealthy traded </li></ul>
  24. 24. Inflation <ul><li>Rome economy suffered from inflation beginning after the reign of Marcus Aurelius </li></ul><ul><li>So much gold was being spent by the Romans for luxury items, which meant less gold to put in coins </li></ul><ul><li>To make up for the loss value of the gold coin, merchants raised prices on the goods they sold </li></ul><ul><li>Soon many people stopped using coins and started to barter for goods they needed </li></ul>
  25. 25. Unemployment <ul><li>A farmer who had to pay his workmen could not produce goods cheaply Instead slave owners could sell their crops for cheaper prices At a point in time, the emperor was importing to feed over 100,000 people </li></ul>
  26. 26. Social Structure
  27. 27. Role of men <ul><li>Most Roman families were patriarchal </li></ul><ul><li>As head of the house hold, a father had absolute power </li></ul><ul><li>The father had total control of his wife, children and slaves </li></ul>
  28. 28. Role of women <ul><li>Legally, Roman women enjoyed a significant advantage over women in Greece because women could own personal property </li></ul><ul><li>The most important role was to bear children and raise them to honor traditional values </li></ul><ul><li>Women had to have a male authority figure </li></ul>
  29. 29. Patricians <ul><li>Patricians were favored in Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Patricians ran the government through their control of senate </li></ul><ul><li>Patricians also acted as leaders in Rome social and economic life </li></ul>
  30. 30. Plebeians <ul><li>Plebeians had little power and influence in government </li></ul><ul><li>Plebeians could not serve as priests Wealthy </li></ul><ul><li>Plebeians could not advance politically by marriage </li></ul>
  31. 31. Conclusion <ul><li>The most important thing I learned in this unit was that now in our society, women have more privileges and can own as much land as they want to. The reason why is because I myself am a young lady and when I grow up I would like to own land to plant plants and to have the lands for other ideas </li></ul>