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    Russianrevolution Russianrevolution Presentation Transcript

    • Russian Revolution
    • Opening Focus Assignments
      • 1/9 “Faults of WWI Peace Treaty”
      • 1/10 “WWI and changing values”
      • 1/11 “Views of the War”
      • 1/14 “Lost Generation”
      • 1/15 “Dawes Plan”
      • 1/18 “Path to Revolution”
    • Russian Government Before Revolution
      • Monarchy: The Czar (Tsar)
      • Until 1905 the Tsar's powers were unlimited.
      • Russia had no constitution,
      • no political party system to check the Tsar's power
      • A strong secret police which terrorized the people.
    • Royal Background Nicholas I
        • Created the first secret police in Russia, brutal leader, response to revolt of army officers in 1825
    • Czar Alexander II
      • He implemented important reforms, notably the abolition of serfdom,
      • In 1867, he sold Alaska and the Aleutian Islands to the United States.
      • Killed by the Revolutionary Group: The People’s Will
    • Czar Alexander III
        • Alexander III's reign was during an industrial revolution in Russia .
        • His reign was harsh, against revolutionaries and other liberal movements.
    • Czar Nicholas II (1894) Last Czar of Russia
      • Nicholas II was a harsh and weak ruler
      • The Russian economy was bankrupt because of the Russo-Japanese War and WWI Russia’s entry into WWI became very unpopular.
    • Czar Nicholas II and Family
    • Russo-Japanese War (1904) Dispute over Manchuria with Japan Shook national confidence in their progress and rule of Czar.
    • Bloody Sunday (1905)
    • Russia and World War I
      • Russia declares war on Austria-Hungary
      • War becomes unpopular
      • Rationing leads to starvation
      • Nicholas II leaves St. Petersburg to war front
    • Rasputin
    • Rasputin with Admirers
    • March Revolution (1917)
      • 1917- protests spread through St. Petersburg and the Royal palace is taken over.
      • Czar abdicates
      • Provisional government (Duma) takes control lead by Alexander Keresnky
      • Provisional government unpopular after decision to stay in WWI
    • October (Bolshevik) Revolution-1917
      • Lead by VI Lenin “Peace, Land, and Bread”
      • Won support of people (especially peasants)
    • 1918
      • 1918 March The Bolsheviks accept the peace of Brest‑Litovsk, ending WWI with Germany.
    • 1919-1920 1919 White Armies (Royal and Menshevik troops) attack the Reds (Bolsheviks) from all directions.
      • 1920- Reds defeat Whites
    • Rule of Lenin 1920-1924
      • Economic Reforms included the New Economic Plan (NEP)
      -moderate mix of capitalism and socialism
      • Political Reforms
      -Bolshevik party became Communist Party -Russia becomes the United Soviet Socialist Republics
    • Communism
      • A Form of Socialism
        • Central Planning of the Economy by the State
      • Gov’t (Communist Party) makes decisions on individual jobs and pay
    • 1924
      • Lenin Dies
      • Power Vaccuum
      • Leon Trotsky vs. Joseph Stalin
      • Stalin takes control
      • Now must decide how he will maintain power
      • Decides to create a totalitarian state
    • Characteristics of a Totalitarian State
      • Dictatorship- Absolute Authority
      • Dynamic Leader- Vision for the nation
      • State Control Over All Sectors of Society
        • Business, Family Life, Labor, youth groups, housing, religion, education, the arts
      • State Control Over the Individual
        • Obedience
        • Denies basic liberties
      • Organized Violence
        • Uses force to crush opposition
    • Stalin’s Totalitarian State
      • State Control of the Economy
        • 5 year plan, collective farms
      • Police Terror
        • Great Purge, crush opposition
      • Religious Persecution
        • Control of the individual
      • Propaganda (socialist realism)
        • Molding peoples minds
      • Education
        • Controlled by the government