Russian Revolution
Opening Focus Assignments <ul><li>1/9 “Faults of WWI Peace Treaty”
1/10 “WWI and changing values”
1/11 “Views of the War”
1/14 “Lost Generation”
1/15 “Dawes Plan”
1/18 “Path to Revolution” </li></ul>
Russian Government Before Revolution <ul><li>Monarchy: The Czar (Tsar)
Until 1905 the Tsar's powers were unlimited.
Russia had no constitution,
no political party system to check the Tsar's power
A strong secret police which terrorized the people. </li></ul>
Royal Background Nicholas I <ul><ul><li>Created the first secret police in Russia, brutal leader, response to revolt of ar...
Czar Alexander II <ul><li>He implemented important reforms, notably the abolition of serfdom,
In 1867, he sold Alaska and the Aleutian Islands to the United States.
Killed by the Revolutionary Group: The People’s Will </li></ul>
Czar Alexander III <ul><ul><li>Alexander III's reign was during an industrial revolution in Russia .
His reign was harsh, against revolutionaries and other liberal movements.  </li></ul></ul>
Czar Nicholas II (1894) Last Czar of Russia <ul><li>Nicholas II was a harsh and weak ruler
The Russian economy was bankrupt because of the Russo-Japanese War and WWI Russia’s entry into WWI became very unpopular. ...
Czar Nicholas II and Family
Russo-Japanese War (1904) Dispute over Manchuria with Japan Shook national confidence in their progress and rule of Czar.
Bloody Sunday (1905)
Russia and World War I <ul><li>Russia declares war on Austria-Hungary
War becomes unpopular
Rationing leads to starvation
Nicholas II leaves St. Petersburg to war front </li></ul>
 
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Russianrevolution

  1. 1. Russian Revolution
  2. 2. Opening Focus Assignments <ul><li>1/9 “Faults of WWI Peace Treaty”
  3. 3. 1/10 “WWI and changing values”
  4. 4. 1/11 “Views of the War”
  5. 5. 1/14 “Lost Generation”
  6. 6. 1/15 “Dawes Plan”
  7. 7. 1/18 “Path to Revolution” </li></ul>
  8. 8. Russian Government Before Revolution <ul><li>Monarchy: The Czar (Tsar)
  9. 9. Until 1905 the Tsar's powers were unlimited.
  10. 10. Russia had no constitution,
  11. 11. no political party system to check the Tsar's power
  12. 12. A strong secret police which terrorized the people. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Royal Background Nicholas I <ul><ul><li>Created the first secret police in Russia, brutal leader, response to revolt of army officers in 1825 </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Czar Alexander II <ul><li>He implemented important reforms, notably the abolition of serfdom,
  15. 15. In 1867, he sold Alaska and the Aleutian Islands to the United States.
  16. 16. Killed by the Revolutionary Group: The People’s Will </li></ul>
  17. 17. Czar Alexander III <ul><ul><li>Alexander III's reign was during an industrial revolution in Russia .
  18. 18. His reign was harsh, against revolutionaries and other liberal movements. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Czar Nicholas II (1894) Last Czar of Russia <ul><li>Nicholas II was a harsh and weak ruler
  20. 20. The Russian economy was bankrupt because of the Russo-Japanese War and WWI Russia’s entry into WWI became very unpopular. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Czar Nicholas II and Family
  22. 22. Russo-Japanese War (1904) Dispute over Manchuria with Japan Shook national confidence in their progress and rule of Czar.
  23. 23. Bloody Sunday (1905)
  24. 24. Russia and World War I <ul><li>Russia declares war on Austria-Hungary
  25. 25. War becomes unpopular
  26. 26. Rationing leads to starvation
  27. 27. Nicholas II leaves St. Petersburg to war front </li></ul>
  28. 29. Rasputin
  29. 30. Rasputin with Admirers
  30. 32. March Revolution (1917) <ul><li>1917- protests spread through St. Petersburg and the Royal palace is taken over.
  31. 33. Czar abdicates
  32. 34. Provisional government (Duma) takes control lead by Alexander Keresnky
  33. 35. Provisional government unpopular after decision to stay in WWI </li></ul>
  34. 36. October (Bolshevik) Revolution-1917 <ul><li>Lead by VI Lenin “Peace, Land, and Bread”
  35. 37. Won support of people (especially peasants) </li></ul>
  36. 39. 1918 <ul><li>1918 March The Bolsheviks accept the peace of Brest‑Litovsk, ending WWI with Germany. </li></ul>
  37. 40. 1919-1920 1919 White Armies (Royal and Menshevik troops) attack the Reds (Bolsheviks) from all directions. <ul><li>1920- Reds defeat Whites </li></ul>
  38. 41. Rule of Lenin 1920-1924 <ul><li>Economic Reforms included the New Economic Plan (NEP) </li></ul>-moderate mix of capitalism and socialism <ul><li>Political Reforms </li></ul>-Bolshevik party became Communist Party -Russia becomes the United Soviet Socialist Republics
  39. 43. Communism <ul><li>A Form of Socialism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Central Planning of the Economy by the State </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gov’t (Communist Party) makes decisions on individual jobs and pay </li></ul>
  40. 44. 1924 <ul><li>Lenin Dies
  41. 45. Power Vaccuum
  42. 46. Leon Trotsky vs. Joseph Stalin
  43. 47. Stalin takes control
  44. 48. Now must decide how he will maintain power
  45. 49. Decides to create a totalitarian state </li></ul>
  46. 51. Characteristics of a Totalitarian State <ul><li>Dictatorship- Absolute Authority
  47. 52. Dynamic Leader- Vision for the nation
  48. 53. State Control Over All Sectors of Society </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Business, Family Life, Labor, youth groups, housing, religion, education, the arts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>State Control Over the Individual </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Obedience
  49. 54. Denies basic liberties </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Organized Violence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses force to crush opposition </li></ul></ul>
  50. 55. Stalin’s Totalitarian State <ul><li>State Control of the Economy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5 year plan, collective farms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Police Terror </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Great Purge, crush opposition </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Religious Persecution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Control of the individual </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Propaganda (socialist realism) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Molding peoples minds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Controlled by the government </li></ul></ul>

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