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  • 1. Russian Revolution
  • 2. Opening Focus Assignments
    • 1/9 “Faults of WWI Peace Treaty”
    • 3. 1/10 “WWI and changing values”
    • 4. 1/11 “Views of the War”
    • 5. 1/14 “Lost Generation”
    • 6. 1/15 “Dawes Plan”
    • 7. 1/18 “Path to Revolution”
  • 8. Russian Government Before Revolution
    • Monarchy: The Czar (Tsar)
    • 9. Until 1905 the Tsar's powers were unlimited.
    • 10. Russia had no constitution,
    • 11. no political party system to check the Tsar's power
    • 12. A strong secret police which terrorized the people.
  • 13. Royal Background Nicholas I
      • Created the first secret police in Russia, brutal leader, response to revolt of army officers in 1825
  • 14. Czar Alexander II
    • He implemented important reforms, notably the abolition of serfdom,
    • 15. In 1867, he sold Alaska and the Aleutian Islands to the United States.
    • 16. Killed by the Revolutionary Group: The People’s Will
  • 17. Czar Alexander III
      • Alexander III's reign was during an industrial revolution in Russia .
      • 18. His reign was harsh, against revolutionaries and other liberal movements.
  • 19. Czar Nicholas II (1894) Last Czar of Russia
    • Nicholas II was a harsh and weak ruler
    • 20. The Russian economy was bankrupt because of the Russo-Japanese War and WWI Russia’s entry into WWI became very unpopular.
  • 21. Czar Nicholas II and Family
  • 22. Russo-Japanese War (1904) Dispute over Manchuria with Japan Shook national confidence in their progress and rule of Czar.
  • 23. Bloody Sunday (1905)
  • 24. Russia and World War I
    • Russia declares war on Austria-Hungary
    • 25. War becomes unpopular
    • 26. Rationing leads to starvation
    • 27. Nicholas II leaves St. Petersburg to war front
  • 28.  
  • 29. Rasputin
  • 30. Rasputin with Admirers
  • 31.  
  • 32. March Revolution (1917)
    • 1917- protests spread through St. Petersburg and the Royal palace is taken over.
    • 33. Czar abdicates
    • 34. Provisional government (Duma) takes control lead by Alexander Keresnky
    • 35. Provisional government unpopular after decision to stay in WWI
  • 36. October (Bolshevik) Revolution-1917
    • Lead by VI Lenin “Peace, Land, and Bread”
    • 37. Won support of people (especially peasants)
  • 38.  
  • 39. 1918
    • 1918 March The Bolsheviks accept the peace of Brest‑Litovsk, ending WWI with Germany.
  • 40. 1919-1920 1919 White Armies (Royal and Menshevik troops) attack the Reds (Bolsheviks) from all directions.
    • 1920- Reds defeat Whites
  • 41. Rule of Lenin 1920-1924
    • Economic Reforms included the New Economic Plan (NEP)
    -moderate mix of capitalism and socialism
    • Political Reforms
    -Bolshevik party became Communist Party -Russia becomes the United Soviet Socialist Republics
  • 42.  
  • 43. Communism
    • A Form of Socialism
      • Central Planning of the Economy by the State
    • Gov’t (Communist Party) makes decisions on individual jobs and pay
  • 44. 1924
    • Lenin Dies
    • 45. Power Vaccuum
    • 46. Leon Trotsky vs. Joseph Stalin
    • 47. Stalin takes control
    • 48. Now must decide how he will maintain power
    • 49. Decides to create a totalitarian state
  • 50.  
  • 51. Characteristics of a Totalitarian State
    • Dictatorship- Absolute Authority
    • 52. Dynamic Leader- Vision for the nation
    • 53. State Control Over All Sectors of Society
      • Business, Family Life, Labor, youth groups, housing, religion, education, the arts
    • State Control Over the Individual
      • Obedience
      • 54. Denies basic liberties
    • Organized Violence
      • Uses force to crush opposition
  • 55. Stalin’s Totalitarian State
    • State Control of the Economy
      • 5 year plan, collective farms
    • Police Terror
      • Great Purge, crush opposition
    • Religious Persecution
      • Control of the individual
    • Propaganda (socialist realism)
      • Molding peoples minds
    • Education
      • Controlled by the government
  • 56.  
  • 57.