English Civilwar

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English Civilwar

  1. 1. England Parliament and Civil War <ul>or &quot;Jack&quot; </ul><ul>England </ul><ul>Scotland </ul><ul>N. Ireland </ul><ul>Wales </ul><ul>Union Flag </ul>
  2. 2. The War of the Roses In 1485, Lancastrian Henry Tudor, defeats the Yorks at the Battle of Bosworth Field, later Henry marries Elizabeth of York Lancaster <ul>1455-1485 </ul>York <ul>Red </ul><ul>White </ul>Hou se o f Tu dor King Henry VII of the House of Tudor <ul>The Tudor Rose </ul>
  3. 3. <ul>The House of Tudor </ul>Henry VII 1485-1509 Henry VIII 1509-47 Edward VI 1547-53 Mary I 1553-58 Elizabeth I 1558-1603
  4. 4. <ul>The House of Tudor </ul>Henry VII 1485-1509 Henry VIII 1509-47 Edward VI 1547-53 Mary I 1553-58 Elizabeth I 1558-1603
  5. 5. Elizabeth I <ul><li>Greatly loved and successful </li></ul><ul>ruled 1558-1603 </ul><ul><li>Unified and brought peace after her sister, “Bloody Mary” </li></ul><ul><li>Brought her kingdom through threats from Spain, France, and Scotland </li></ul><ul><li>Died with no direct heir </li></ul>
  6. 6. James I <ul><li>King of Scotland (since 1567), became King of England when Elizabeth died in 1603 </li></ul><ul>lived 1566-1625 </ul><ul><li>First Monarch to combine the crown of Scotland, England, & Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>Thought of himself as a divine absolute King, ignoring Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Jamestown & King James Bible </li></ul>
  7. 7. Charles I <ul><li>Like Dad, he believed in divine right & absolute power </li></ul><ul>ruled 1625-1649 </ul><ul><li>In 1628, in need of $, he was forced to open Parliament, when he did, they made him sign the </li></ul><ul><li>1640, he needs them again - </li></ul><ul>&quot;Petition of Rights&quot; </ul><ul>The Long Parliament </ul>
  8. 8. The English Civil War <ul><li>The Long Parliament moves to reduce the power of the king </li></ul><ul>1642-1649 </ul><ul><li>In 1642, Charles sends his troop into the house of Commons to arrest it’s leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament forces are known as </li></ul><ul>Roundheads </ul><ul><li>The king’s supporters are known as </li></ul><ul>Cavaliers </ul>
  9. 9. The English Civil War <ul><li>The Long Parliament moves to reduce the power of the king </li></ul><ul>1642-1649 </ul><ul><li>In 1642, Charles sends his troop into the house of Commons to arrest it’s leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament forces are known as </li></ul><ul>Roundheads </ul><ul><li>The king’s supporters are known as </li></ul><ul>Cavaliers </ul>
  10. 10. The English Civil War <ul><li>The Cavaliers have early advantage due to better discipline </li></ul><ul>1642-1649 </ul><ul><li>With the rise of Oliver Cromwell and his “New Model Army”, the Roundheads gain control of England by 1646 </li></ul><ul><li>King Charles I is executed in 1649 </li></ul>
  11. 11. Oliver Cromwell <ul><li>After the war, England is declared a Republic, and O.C. is named - </li></ul><ul>1599-1658 </ul><ul><li>O.C. runs the nation under a very strict Puritan rule </li></ul><ul><li>O.C. persecutes Ireland & Scotland </li></ul><ul>Lord Protector </ul><ul><li>O.C. dies in 1658, powerful but not popular </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Restoration <ul><li>Upon Cromwell’s death, and after years of Puritan rule, the population had enough </li></ul><ul>1660 </ul><ul><li>King Charles’ son is invited back and crowned </li></ul><ul><li>Cromwell’s body is dug up and “executed” </li></ul><ul>Charles II </ul><ul><li>Charles is allowed to rule as a weak </li></ul><ul>Constitutional Monarch </ul>
  13. 13. The Glorious Revolution <ul><li>1685, Charles II dies, his Catholic brother James II becomes King </li></ul><ul>1688 </ul><ul><li>When James had a son, the idea of another Catholic monarch was too much for protestants </li></ul><ul><li>James Protestant daughter Mary and her husband are “invited” to rule </li></ul><ul><li>James flees, no blood is shed </li></ul><ul>William & Mary </ul>

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