Investing in protected productive areas.
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Investing in protected productive areas.

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Francis Vorhies, Director of Earthmind and Senior Advisor to IUCN - IUCN - The World Conservation Union - Switzerland

Francis Vorhies, Director of Earthmind and Senior Advisor to IUCN - IUCN - The World Conservation Union - Switzerland

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  • 1. Investing in protected productive areas TBLI Europe Paris, France 15-16 November 2007 Dr Francis Vorhies earthmind.net
  • 2. Two key questions 1. Can we manage productive landscapes sustainably? 2. Should we invest in sustainably managed landscapes? The short answers: 1. Probably. 2. Maybe.
  • 3. Think of a landscape as a business Who are its customers? What goods and services are they interested in? A business-approach to landscape management will assess potential landscape goods and services and identify potential customers.
  • 4. Landscape customers Think of local communities as customers. What goods and services do they want? Think of actual and potential commercial customers of the landscape. Think of “downstream” customers. What services can accrue to distant communities, to the country or to the region? Think of global customers of the landscape. In developing countries, perhaps also think of the “donors” as customers.
  • 5. Landscapes as ecological complexes "Biological diversity" means the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part … "Ecosystem" means a dynamic complex of plant, animal and micro-organism communities and their non-living environment interacting as a functional unit. CBD Article 2
  • 6. Landscapes as protected areas – slide 1 "Protected area" means a geographically defined area which is designated or regulated and managed to achieve specific conservation objectives. "In-situ conservation" means the conservation of ecosystems and natural habitats and the maintenance and recovery of viable populations of species in their natural surroundings and, in the case of domesticated or cultivated species, in the surroundings where they have developed their distinctive properties. CBD Article 2
  • 7. Landscapes as protected areas – slide 2 A landscape which is managed sustainably and thus is managed with conservation objectives is by internationally-agreed definition a protected area. “Protected productive areas” could include a variety of economic activities – such as farming and mining. a farm or mine the landscape
  • 8. Objectives of landscape sustainability – slide 1 "Sustainable land management combines technologies, policies and activities aimed at integrating socio-economic principles with environmental concerns so as to simultaneously: - maintain or enhance production/services (Productivity), - reduce the level of production risk (Security), - protect the potential of natural resources and prevent degradation of soil and water quality (Protection), - be economically viable (Viability), - and socially acceptable (Acceptability)." Framework for Evaluating Sustainable Land Management (FESLM) Working Party , 1991
  • 9. Objectives of landscape sustainability – slide 2 Each objective is complex, and requires further brief examination: Productivity: the return … may … include benefits from protective and aesthetic aims of land use … Protection: … the need to maintain genetic diversity or preserve individual plant or animal species … Viability: if the land uses being considered are locally not viable, the use will not survive … And so on …
  • 10. Categories of landscape sustainability – slide 1 1 Agricultural Activities 2 Forestry Activities 3 Rangeland Activities 4 Watershed Activities 5 Energy-related Activities 6 Fisheries Activities 7 Protected Areas 8 Cross-Sectoral Activities Adapted from a 2007 GEF programme brief
  • 11. Categories of landscape sustainability – slide 2 Category 2 Sustainable Forest/Woodland Management Activities 2.1 Protection/conservation of indigenous species 2.2 Agro-forestry initiatives 2.3 Regeneration of forests and woodlands 2.4 Promotion of non-timber forest products (including medicinal plants and wild food) And so on …
  • 12. A sustainable landscape framework Objectives  A B C D E Categories Productivity Security Protection Viablity Acceptabilty  1 Agricultural Activities 2 Forestry Activities 3 Rangeland Activities 4 Watershed Activities 5 Energy-related Activities 6 Fisheries Activities 7 Protected Areas 8 Cross-Sectoral Activities
  • 13. Example: Fundatia ADEPT Fundatia ADEPT is carrying out a coordinated policy to conserve a 100,000 ha area of exceptional biodiversity, with a population of some 20,000, within the Saxon Villages region. A fundamental principle is that conservation of the biodiversity of this semi-natural, anthropogenic area is only possible by maintaining the area’s economic viability. fundatia-adept.org
  • 14. Website: Ecosystem Marketplace We believe that by providing solid and trust-worthy information on prices, regulation, science, and other market-relevant issues, markets for ecosystem services will one day become a fundamental part of our economic and environmental system … ecosystemmarketplace.com
  • 15. Revisiting our two key questions 1. Can we manage productive landscapes sustainably? 2. Should we invest in sustainably managed landscapes? Somewhat longer answers: 1. We are developing the vision and the know-how to manage productive landscapes sustainably. 2. Protected productive landscapes appear to be an emerging investment opportunity.