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How can business and the investment community be effective partners in the EU sustainable development strategy ?
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How can business and the investment community be effective partners in the EU sustainable development strategy ?

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Peter Johnston, Responsible for Information Societypolicy and strategy evaluation - European Commission - Belgium

Peter Johnston, Responsible for Information Societypolicy and strategy evaluation - European Commission - Belgium

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  • 1. Partnership with the European strategy for sustainable development [email_address] TBLI- Paris – November 2006
  • 2. European policy for sustainable development
    • Policies that need to be consistently implemented across all 25 Member-States of the European Union, are proposed by the European Commission and decided by Member State Governments in the European Council
    • The achievement of sustainable development is a Treaty obligation of all Member States: The president of the Council must seek a consensus on a common strategy
    • A first strategy was agreed in 2001. It has been reviewed by the Commission in 2004-5, and a renewed strategy was adopted by Heads of State in June 2006
  • 3. 7 key challenges
    • Climate change and clean energy;
    • Sustainable transport;
    • Sustainable production and consumption;
    • Conservation and management of natural resources ;
    • Public health;
    • Social inclusion, demography and migration
    • Global poverty and sustainable development
  • 4. Key changes in the renewed strategy: 2001-2006
    • A stronger focus on research, technology and innovation for all goals;
    • A stronger partnership with business, notably with the leaders of technological, economic and social innovation; “ Business leaders and other stakeholders…. Should engage in urgent reflection with political leaders on the medium- and long-term policies needed for sustainable development, and propose ambitious business responses which go beyond existing minimum legal requirements ” : A proposal to foster this process will be made by the Commission in 2007
  • 5. Greenhouse gases
    • Atmospheric CO 2 concentration has risen by over 30 % since pre-industrial era to 380 ppm
  • 6. Pattern of probable average temperature changes, 2080s relative to present day Lähde: Hadley Centre Climate Change is the top priority…
  • 7. The new reality
    • The bad news:
    • New research suggests increased GHG concentrations will cause earlier and more damaging climate change: Urgent shift to a low-carbon economy with less dependence on fossil fuels
    • The good news:
    • Emerging technologies for greater energy-efficiency and low-carbon renewable energies offer the potential for a rapid transition to an efficient, diverse and de-centralised energy system.
  • 8. Specific EU actions
    • Financial incentives to cut carbon emissions in the most cost-effective way: EU Emissions Trading System
    • An Environmental Technology Action plan to co-ordinate research and accelerate market introductions
    • An Action Plan to improve energy efficiency by about 2.5% p.a to realise energy savings of 20% by 2020;
    • Actions to cut transport intensity (vehicle-kms per GDP) with better logistics and infrastructure charging;
    • “ Green” public procurement by 2010
  • 9. Energy-use projections for Europe: Targeted growth in renewables and 2.5% improvement in energy efficiency per year
  • 10. Carbon emissions can be cut significantly by 2020 without compromising economic growth
  • 11. Recent Trends in U.S. Energy Intensity 1973-1986 Average Rate of Decline ~ 2.6% per Year 1986-1996 Average Rate of Decline ~ 0.8% per Year 1996-2000 Average Rate of Decline ~ 2.7% per Year
  • 12. The network structure of the Internet
  • 13. How can innovations based on information and communications technologies help?
    • Higher-skill jobs for more of the working-age population
    • More added-value in more resource-efficient products: some products become immaterial services;
    • More efficient supply-chains, intelligent and cleaner vehicles and new forms of mobility;
    • More efficient heating/cooling and lighting in intelligent buildings and more efficient use of buildings;
    • “ Spin-off” technologies for solar energy and lighting
  • 14. A holistic approach to resource productivity
    • “ Pay-per-use”: Product rental, “take-back” and recycling – WEEE targets - 65% recycling and 75% recovery by end 2006
    • Increased efficiencies for use of energy, space/land, and travel/transport in knowledge work;
    • Attention to external and internal impacts : Supply-chain; marketing/retail, and employee commuting;
  • 15. Strengthening frameworks for “Triple-bottom-line” reporting
    • “ Profit/loss”,
    • Human resources
    • “ Environment, Health and Safety”
    • Profit, productivity and Investments in RTD
    • Human capital - qualifications, retention and training; health, safety and creativity;
    • Resource productivity : Transport, land and energy.