I will speak about our roadmap to change and how we (together with you) enhance wilderness protection in Europe.
But do we actually deliver on this if we keep focusing only on verification?
Wilderness is a human concept, which can be interpreted in a very different ways depending on cultural and / or national background. Therefore the understanding of wilderness will always be very emotional. Nature conservation or protected areas in most continent started with the protection of what was left relatively untouched. The designation of protected areas got a boost in Europe after the 70s when IUCN introduced the new protected area categories (IV, V and VI) which applied much more to the European context. Wilderness was almost a forgotten category in Europe. Quite often 1% of Europe’s territory is stated as wilderness. However the existing data sets are misleading. However in order to apply the PES or develop policies, there is a need for a broadly accepted technical definition
There is marine wilderness ...
Fabulous mountains also host wild areas ...
Highlight that these maps were produced not on the basis of checking the actual management practice. So the maps very often present opportunities or human perceptions of European citizens
The Message from Prague also ask for actions quantification of the value of non-extractive economic benefits identify and promote the linkage of ecosystem services to wilderness key economic dimensions, challenges and opportunities of wilderness areas in E urope. TEEB report not penetrated yet into PA management particular importance to define the ecosystem services and potential payment methods for wilderness
Communications is an essential part of our work to raise professional and public support for wilderness protection. Creating positive protection of wilderness could be the basis of successful protection In order to do this we use the parks of the network as examples of the best of Europe’s wilderness ‘ You can go there and experience wilderness yourself, earn about it in the field’
We need to argue that the more natural the area is the higher value and ecosystem services potential it has. Wilderness management is not only more sustainable in terms of financing management practice, but can potentially bring more ecosystem services value.
We welcome not only protected areas to join our campaign for wilderness, but also researchers to develop a strategic European wilderness research agenda.
The Economics of Wilderness Economic impact of Finnish National Parks through visitation • 85 M EUR / year • 1,100 man-year • visitor related income in Oulanka NP 14,7 M EUR http://www.metla.fi/julkaisut/workingpapers/2010/mw p149.pdf
The Economics of Wilderness Location Atlantic Ocean Wild Nephin Mayo Ireland Westport
The Economics of Wilderness Public Good Values Type of value Low range Mid range High range Individual use €145,000 €225,000 €528,000 value Existence & €270,000 €450,000 €1,056,000 bequest values Option values €225,000 €450,000 €1,056,000 Indirect values Tourist income €75,000 €150,000 €225,000
The Economics of Wilderness Tatra and Slovensky raj National Park • Conclusion: the smaller park with better management practice creates higher value Reasonale mean value 740,327 k EUR / year No extractive use!
The Economics of Wilderness Sveaskog’s example • Ecoparks are large connected ecological landscapes • important outdoor pursuits forests, providing many opportunities for different activities • 36 ecoparks planned in Sweden more information at http://www.sveaskog.se/en/forestry-and- environment/nature-conservation/eco-parks/
Annual land take in Europe between2000-2006 was over 111,000 ha/year
If increases with the current trend, we will have 5% artificial surface by 2017 4% of Europe is 4% of Europe is covered by covered byartificial surface in artificial surface in 2006 2006 The size equal to The size equal to Crete was Crete was covered by covered by concrete in 77 concrete in years (2000-2006) years (2000-2006) Our goal: 5% of Our goal: 5% of Europe must be Europe must be wilderness wilderness