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Excerpt from Pearson Education Book on Enterprise Applications with reference to Buzzient on slide 35

Excerpt from Pearson Education Book on Enterprise Applications with reference to Buzzient on slide 35

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  • 1. Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Video Cases: Case 1 Sinosteel Strengthens Business Management with ERP Applications Case 2 Ingram Micro and H&R Block Get Close to Their Customers8.1 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 2. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications STUDENT LEARNING OBJECTIVES • How do enterprise systems help businesses achieve operational excellence? • How do supply chain management systems coordinate planning, production, and logistics with suppliers? • How do customers relationship management systems help firms achieve customer intimacy?8.2 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 3. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications STUDENT LEARNING OBJECTIVES • What are the challenges posed by enterprise applications? • How are enterprise applications taking advantage of new technologies?8.3 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 4. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Cannondale Learns to Manage a Global Supply Chain • Problem: Managing parts in a constantly changing product line with suppliers in many countries • Solution: Enable real-time reporting by implementing enterprise application8.4 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 5. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Cannondale Learns to Manage a Global Supply Chain • Kinaxis on-demand Rapid Response software replaced legacy MRPS – allows both Cannondale and suppliers to see up- to-date information; faster customer response; reduced inventory; reduced cycle and lead times • Illustrates: need for enterprise-wide systems for coordinating supply chain • Demonstrates: use of cloud services as solution for implementing enterprise applications8.5 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 6. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Cannondale Learns to Manage a Global Supply Chain8.6 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 7. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Enterprise Systems • Enterprise Systems • Also called “enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems” • Suite of integrated software modules and a common central database • Collects data from many divisions of firm for use in nearly all of firm’s internal business activities • Information entered in one process is immediately available for other processes8.7 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 8. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Enterprise Systems • Enterprise Software • Built around thousands of predefined business processes that reflect best practices • Finance/accounting: general ledger, accounts payable, etc. • Human resources: personnel administration, payroll, etc. • Manufacturing/production: purchasing, shipping, etc. • Sales/marketing: order processing, billing, sales planning, etc. • To implement, firms: • Select functions of system they wish to use • Map business processes to software processes • Use software’s configuration tables for customizing8.8 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 9. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Enterprise Systems How Enterprise Systems Work Enterprise systems feature a set of integrated software modules and a central database that enables data to be shared by many different business processes and functional areas throughout the enterprise. Figure 8-18.9 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 10. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Enterprise Systems • Business value of enterprise systems • Increase operational efficiency. • Provide firm-wide information to support decision making • Enable rapid responses to customer requests for information or products • Include analytical tools to evaluate overall organizational performance8.10 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 11. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Supply Chain Management Systems The Supply Chain • Network of organizations and processes for: • Procuring raw materials • Transforming them into products • Distributing the products • Upstream supply chain: • Firm’s suppliers, suppliers’ suppliers, processes for managing relationships with them • Downstream supply chain: • Organizations and processes responsible for delivering products to customers • Internal supply chain8.11 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 12. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Supply Chain Management SystemsThis figureillustrates the Nike’s Supply Chainmajor entities inNike’s supplychain and theflow ofinformationupstream anddownstream tocoordinate theactivities involvedin buying,making, andmoving aproduct. Shownhere is asimplified supplychain, with theupstream portionfocusing only onthe suppliers forsneakers andsneaker soles. Figure 8-28.12 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 13. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Supply Chain Management Systems Information Systems and Supply Chain Management • Inefficiencies cut into a company’s operating costs • Can waste up to 25% of operating expenses • Just-in-time strategy: • Components arrive as they are needed • Finished goods shipped after leaving assembly line • Safety stock • Buffer for lack of flexibility in supply chain • Bullwhip effect • Information about product demand gets distorted as it passes from one entity to next across supply chain8.13 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 14. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Supply Chain Management Systems The Bullwhip Effect Inaccurate information can cause minor Figure 8-3 fluctuations in demand for a product to be amplified as one moves further back in the supply chain. Minor fluctuations in retail sales for a product can create excess inventory for distributors, manufacturers, and suppliers.8.14 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 15. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Supply Chain Management Systems Supply Chain Management Software • Supply chain planning systems • Model existing supply chain • Demand planning • Optimize sourcing, manufacturing plans • Establish inventory levels • Identify transportation modes • Supply chain execution systems • Manage flow of products through distribution centers and warehouses8.15 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 16. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Supply Chain Management Systems Global Supply Chains and the Internet • Global supply chain issues: • Greater geographical distances • Greater time differences • Participants from different countries • Different performance standards • Different legal requirements • Internet helps companies manage global complexities • Warehouse management • Transportation management • Logistics • Outsourcing8.16 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 17. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Supply Chain Management Systems Interactive Session: Organizations Southwest Airlines Takes Off With Better Supply Chain Management • Read the Interactive Session and then discuss the following questions: • Why is parts inventory management so important at Southwest Airlines? What business processes are affected by the airlines’ ability or inability to have required parts on hand? • What people, organization, and technology factors were responsible for Southwest’s problems with inventory management? • How did implementing the i2 software change the way Southwest ran its business? • Describe two decisions that were improved by implementing the i2 system.8.17 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 18. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Supply Chain Management Systems Demand-Driven Supply Chains • Supply chain management systems • Push-based model (build-to-stock) • Schedules based on best guesses of demand • Pull-based model (demand-driven) • Customer orders trigger events in supply chain • Sequential supply chains • Concurrent supply chains8.18 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 19. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Supply Chain Management Systems Push- Versus Pull-Based Supply Chain Models The difference between push- and pull-based models is summarized by the slogan “Make what we sell, not sell what we make.” Figure 8-48.19 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 20. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Supply Chain Management Systems Figure 8-5 The Future Internet-Driven Supply ChainThe future Internet-driven supply chainoperates like a digitallogistics nervoussystem. It providesmultidirectionalcommunicationamong firms,networks of firms,and e-marketplacesso that entirenetworks of supplychain partners canimmediately adjustinventories, orders,and capacities.8.20 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 21. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Supply Chain Management Systems Business Value of Supply Chain Management Systems • Match supply to demand • Reduce inventory levels • Improve delivery service • Speed product time to market • Use assets more effectively • Reduced supply chain costs lead to increased profitability. • Total supply chain costs can be 75% of operating budget. • Increase sales8.21 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 22. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Customer Relationship Management Systems What Is Customer Relationship Management? • Knowing the customer • In large businesses, too many customers and too many ways customers interact with firm • Customer relationship management (CRM) systems • Capture and integrate customer data from all over the organization • Consolidate and analyze customer data • Distribute customer information to various systems and customer touch points across enterprise • Provide single enterprise view of customers8.22 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 23. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Customer Relationship Management Systems Customer Relationship Management (CRM) CRM systems examine customers from a multifaceted perspective. These systems use a set of integrated applications to address all aspects of the customer relationship, including customer service, sales, and marketing. Figure 8-68.23 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 24. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Customer Relationship Management Systems CRM Software • CRM packages range from niche tools to large- scale enterprise applications • More comprehensive have modules for: • Partner relationship management (PRM) • Integrating lead generation, pricing, promotions, order configurations, and availability • Tools to assess partners’ performances • Employee relationship management (ERM) • Setting objectives, employee performance management, performance-based compensation, employee training8.24 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 25. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Customer Relationship Management Systems CRM Software • CRM packages typically include tools for: • Sales force automation (SFA) • Sales prospect and contact information, sales quote generation capabilities • Customer service • Assigning and managing customer service requests, Web-based self-service capabilities • Marketing • Capturing prospect and customer data, scheduling and tracking direct-marketing mailings or e-mail, cross-selling8.25 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 26. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Customer Relationship Management Systems How CRM Systems Support Marketing Customer relationship management software provides a single point for users to manage and evaluate marketing campaigns across multiple channels, including e-mail, direct mail, telephone, the Web, and wireless messages. Figure 8-78.26 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 27. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Customer Relationship Management Systems CRM Software Capabilities The major CRM software products support business processes in sales, service, and marketing, integrating customer information from many different sources. Included are support for both the operational and analytical aspects of CRM. Figure 8-88.27 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 28. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Customer Relationship Management Systems Customer Loyalty Management Process Map Figure 8-9 This process map shows how a best practice for promoting customer loyalty through customer service would be modeled by customer relationship management software. The CRM software helps firms identify high-value customers for preferential treatment.8.28 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 29. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Customer Relationship Management Systems Operational and Analytical CRM • Operational CRM: • Customer-facing applications such as sales force automation, call center and customer service support, and marketing automation • Analytical CRM: • Based on data warehouses populated by operational CRM systems and customer touch points • Analyzes customer data (OLAP, data mining, etc.) • Customer lifetime value (CLTV)8.29 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 30. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Customer Relationship Management Systems Analytical CRM Data WarehouseAnalytical CRMuses a customerdata warehouseand tools toanalyze customerdata collected fromthe firm’scustomer touchpoints and fromother sources.Figure 8-108.30 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 31. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Customer Relationship Management Systems Business Value of Customer Relationship Management • Business benefits: • Increased customer satisfaction • Reduced direct-marketing costs • More effective marketing • Lower costs for customer acquisition/retention • Increased sales revenue • Churn rate: • Number of customers who stop using or purchasing products or services from a company • Indicator of growth or decline of firm’s customer base8.31 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 32. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Enterprise Applications: New Opportunities and Challenges Enterprise Application Challenges • Highly expensive to purchase and implement enterprise applications • Average “large” system—$12 million+ • Average “small/mid-size” system—$3.5 million • Technology changes • Business process changes • Organizational learning, changes • Switching costs, dependence on software vendors • Data standardization, management, cleansing8.32 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 33. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Enterprise Applications: New Opportunities and Challenges Next-Generation Enterprise Applications • To bring greater value from enterprise applications • Enterprise solutions/suites: make applications more flexible, Web-enabled, integrated with other systems • Service platform: integrates multiple applications to deliver a seamless experience for all parties • Open-source applications • On-demand solutions8.33 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 34. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Enterprise Applications: New Opportunities and Challenges Interactive Session: Technology Customer Relationship Management Heads to the Clouds • Read the Interactive Session and then discuss the following questions: • What types of companies are most likely to adopt cloud- based CRM software services? What companies might not be suited for this type of software? • What are the advantages and disadvantages of using cloud-based enterprise applications? • What people, organization, and technology issues should be addressed in deciding whether to use a conventional CRM system versus a cloud-based version?8.34 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 35. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 8 Achieving Operational Excellence and Customer Intimacy: Enterprise Applications Enterprise Applications: New Opportunities and Challenges Next-Generation Enterprise Applications • Social CRM • Incorporating social networking technologies • Company social networks • Customer interaction via Facebook • E.g. Buzzient platform integrates social media with enterprise applications • Business intelligence • Inclusion of BI with enterprise applications • Flexible reporting, ad hoc analysis, “what-if” scenarios, digital dashboards, data visualization8.35 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
  • 36. 8.36 Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall