Euro Sec 1
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Euro Sec 1

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Euro Sec 1 Euro Sec 1 Presentation Transcript

  • NEOLITHIC AGE UP TO 2000 BCE STONE TOOLS, SETTLEMENTS, DOMESTICATION OF ANIMALS, DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE
  • INDO-EUROPEAN INVASION AFTER 2000 BCE - EUROPE’S GENETIC ANCESTORS INVADE FROM CENTRAL ASIA. 2000 BCE - BRONZE AGE 1000 BCE - IRON AGE
  • ANCIENT TIMES
  • ANCIENT TIMES 500 BCE - 500 CE THIS SPANS THE HIGH POINTS OF GREEK AND ROMAN CULTURE
  • THE MIDDLE AGES
  • THE MIDDLE AGES
    • 500 CE - 1500 CE
  • MODERN TIMES 1500-PRESENT
  • CLASSIC AGE DEF. - THE AGE DURING WHICH A CIVILIZATION DEVELOPED ITS POLITICAL, SOCIAL, AND CULTURAL VALUES AND IDEALS
  • GOLDEN AGE THE TIME DURING WHICH A CIVILIZATION REACHED THE ZENITH OF ITS DEVELOPMENT AND REGIONAL OR GLOBAL INFLUENCE
  • THE GREEKS
  • GREEK ACHIEVEMENTS: *GAVE BIRTH TO MODERN POLITICAL SCIENCE *CLASSICAL VIRTUES - MODERATION IS IDEAL
  • *ART & ARCHITECTURE - REFLECTED BALANCE, SYMMETRY, ORDER, AND CONTROL OVER NATURE
  • GREEK CONTRIBUTIONS CONT’D *LANGUAGE - ORGANIZED AND PLANNED FOR EFFECT - I.E. POETRY *SCIENCE - SOUGHT RATIONAL EXPLANATIONS FOR WHAT THEY SAW AND EXPERIENCED - DEBUNKED MYTHOLOGICAL EXPLANATIONS *ARISTOTLE(384-322 BCE) - CODIFIED (WROTE DOWN, EXPLAINED) GREEK THOUGHT *ALEXANDER THE GREAT - SPREAD GREEK CIVILIZATION THROUGHOUT THE MEDITERRANEAN
  • THE ROMANS * CONQUERED GREEKS IN 146 BCE *SPREAD ACROSS MEDITERRANEAN WORLD, N. AFRICA, MIDDLE EAST *POLITICALLY UNITED VAST, MULTI-ETHNIC REGION AND ESTABLISHED PEACE - PAX ROMANA *ITALY & WEST SPOKE LATIN, EAST SPOKE GREEK
  • ROMAN LAW * NO PARTICULAR CULTURE OR CUSTOM WAS INTRINSICALLY “RIGHT” *NATURAL LAW - A HIGHER, UNIVERSAL LAW EXISTS BY WHICH DECISIONS COULD BE MADE - IT IS DERIVED FROM HUMAN NATURE AND REASON *NATURAL LAW WAS TO BE ADMINISTERED MY ENLIGHTENED INDIVIDUALS & WAS THE SOURCE OF THEIR POWER
  • ROMAN EMPIRE’S GREATEST TERRITORIAL EXTENT (180 CE)
  • COMING OF CHRISTIANITY *EMERGED FROM PALESTINE *SPREAD AMONG POOR - MESSAGE WAS THAT ALL HUMANS WERE EQUAL IN SPIRIT *CONSTANTINE CONVERTED AROUND 312, EMPIRE FOLLOWED SUIT OFFICIALLY AROUND 400 *CHRISTIAN DOCTRINES CONFLICTED WITH SOME ROMAN TRADITIONS
  • CONTROVERSIAL CHRISTIANITY * MONOTHEISM VS. POLYTHEISM *ANTI-MATERIALISTIC *ACCEPTED IMPERFECTION *ATTACKED DUAL NATURE OF EMPEROR AS RELIGIOUS AND CIVIL LEADER (CAESAROPAPISM)
  • SAINT AUGUSTINE * CITY OF GOD - BOOK THAT DISCUSSED THE DUALISTIC CONCEPT OF CHRISTIANITY - THERE IS A TEMPORARY, EARTHLY EXISTENCE AND AN ETERNAL HEAVENLY EXISTENCE