PRESENTATION NOTES ONLY - FOR LINDA No timing sequence on any slides (ie: does not move to next slide in a certain number of seconds). On any slide, click mouse to move to next slide in sequence.
Global telelearning communities are already a reality. Educational organizations, research teams, individual researchers, companies, and different learning communities are increasingly being linked in order to share knowledge and practices. They distribute information and promote collaboration in designing and implementing telelearning systems and research. From this exchange of experiences GEN anticipates new alliances involving joint research projects, research exchanges, and debate about the consequences of the new technologies of information and communication.
UCLA World Internet Project (2004) Internet Users by Gender
Britain men 63.6; women 55.0
Germany men 50.4; women 41.7
Hungary men 20.3; women 15.1
Italy men 41.7; women 21.5
Japan men 54.7; women 46.2
Korea men 67.8; women 53.8
Macao men 37.8; women 28.8
Singapore men 47.2; women 34.0
Spain men 46.4; women 27.2
Sweden men 67.7; women 64.4
Taiwan men 25.1; women 23.5
United States men 73.1; women 69.0
Internet Users by Age Group “… 86 percent of women ages 18 to 29 were online, compared with 80 percent of men in the same age group. “… among the older group, those age 65 and older, 34 percent of men are online, compared with 21 percent of women. ” USA, Washingtonpost Thursday, December 29, 2005
Not easy to stop/lessen gaps Need for awareness Need for strong policies Need for international collaboration Need for education If we don’t do anything about it ….
Digital Divide in Education 2. Process Factors Different approaches to ICT use - Used for advanced applications and thinking? - Used for basic skill training? - Used for computer games? - Others
Digital Divide in Education 3. Human (Outcome) Factors Digital literacy? - ICT skills / knowledge - confidence - competencies
ICT Skills (University, Perception) Source: NIME (2003) “ I do not have adequate ICT skills and knowledge” - More faculty than students - More older people than younger ones - More people in human ities and social sciences than those in natural sciences and engineering
Digital divide in informal learning (more learning happens outside schools) Home differences Differences at work Differences in communities