OU SPJ: Shooting video 101


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Material presented by Taylor Mirfendereski at the Ohio University Society of Professional Journalists' meeting on January 11, 2011.

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OU SPJ: Shooting video 101

  1. 1. A Basic Guide to Shooting VideoSociety of Professional Journalists January 11, 2011
  2. 2. The Camera- Flip Camera- Point & Shoot Camera- Handheld Camera- Professional Camera
  3. 3. Why learn to shoot? Quality Video is Invaluable – Neda’s Death (Iran election fallout) – Zapruder Films (JFK Assasination) – Virginia Tech Shootings – Homeless Man with Golden Voice
  4. 4. Key Vocabulary B-roll: Supplemental or alternative footage intercut with the main shot in an interview, documentary, news package. SOT: Literally means “sound on tape.” It is most often referred to as a “soundbite” and is essentially the broadcast version of a “quote.”
  5. 5. The Tripod Used to stabilize the camera. IMPORTANT: Use a tripod whenever possible. If you do not have a tripod handy, place the camera on a steady object or lean against your body.
  6. 6. The Steps: Setting up your Shot 1. Secure the camera on the tripod. 2. Place your subject in front of the subject. 3. When adjusting the height of the tripod, the camera should be eye level with your subject. 1. Inferior 2. Superior
  7. 7. The Steps: Setting up Your Shot 4. Step to the side of the camera. 1. Make sure that you are eye level with the camera and subject. 5. Ask your subject to look at and talk to you, not the camera. 1. Why?
  8. 8. Framing the Shot Rule of thirds – Keep your subject in one of the screen’s thirds. – The subject should always look towards the open space. Good Framing Bad Framing
  9. 9. Framing the Shot (ctd.)  Leave plenty of room for lower thirds and pay attention to head room.Too much headroom
  10. 10. Zooming and Panning Do not zoom or pan. When these techniques are used, they must be motivated -- there for a reason. Don’t use these buttons just because they’re there. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cBtF TF2ii7U&feature=related
  11. 11. Holding the Shot Keep each and every shot steady for at least 10 seconds. Ifyou do not hold your shots, you’ll kick yourself in the edit process. Remember not to talk while the camera is recording.
  12. 12. Cutaways, Sequences, and Transitions Shoot cutaways, sequences and transitions. They’re invaluable in the editing process. Cutaways: Prevent jump cuts and allow you to transition to new material. – Examples Sequence: Close Up, Medium Shot, Wide Shot – Instead of Zooming and Panning – Movement of the human eye
  13. 13. Examples of Shots Extreme Wide Shot Very Wide Shot* Images from Mediacollege.com
  14. 14. Examples of Shots (ctd.) Wide Shot Medium Shot* Images from Mediacollege.com
  15. 15. Examples of Shots (ctd.) Close Up Extreme Close Up* Images from Mediacollege.com
  16. 16. Natural Sound Seek great natural (or ambient) sound. Examples: water, hammers, plastic, dogs panting, sewing machines, chalk on chalkboard, plastic bags, cheering fans. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LAcIFIASiI 4&feature=related http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/3032619/#34 353385
  17. 17. Headphones Ifpossible, wear headphones. Otherwise, you don’t know what sound you’re recording -- or if you’re recording any at all.
  18. 18. Opens and Closes Always look for a strong open and a memorable close. – Tiger Woods Example Opens and Closes to Avoid: signs, still objects http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/3032619 /#34579602
  19. 19. The Soundbite Seeksubjective sound bites. Get your subjects to open up and talk. Emotion, not facts. “What does this mean to you?” “How does it make you feel?”
  20. 20. Other Useful Tips Toomuch b-roll is better than not enough. Do not rewind your tape in the field. How can you make a shot more interesting? – Escalator Example.