Analyze Learners The students that I will be teaching are in the tenth grade and all on a tenth
grade reading level. A group of 23 students: 10 being male and 13 being female. There are 5
Caucasian students, 5 African American students, 5 Hispanic students, 5 biracial students, and 3
Five students have mild attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
One student has as orthopedic impairment, cerebral palsy.
One student has a moderate to severe hearing impairment.
State Objectives The tenth grade students will apply reading skills and strategies to inform, to
perform a task and to read for literary experience by: identifying and using flashback and
foreshadowing to develop independence as readers by reading examples of flashback and
foreshadowing for students to identify what is going on in the examples that are going to be read
to them. “FLASHBACKS INTERRUPT WHAT'S going on in a story to tell about something
that happened in the past. Authors use words like "He remembered when … " or "She thought
about that time last year when …" Authors sometimes signal when the flashback is over by using
words like Now or Today. A flashback gives readers a deeper understanding of a character's
"You're getting it. Good girl!" Anya cheered as she ran beside her little sister.
Anya smiled, remembering when her dad had taught her to ride a bike. She could
still see him running beside her, even when he didn't need to anymore! He'd
always been so protective. But now, he was gone and she alone had to take care of
the family. "I still need you, Dad," she whispered.
Flashbacks can give you information about a character to help you figure out his or her motives,
or reasons, for doing things. This example would help you understand why Anya might turn
down a chance to travel with a band, even though that was her dream.” Foreshadowing gives
readers clues about what might happen later in a story. Authors use foreshadowing to build
suspense, tempt readers to predict what might happen, and persuade them to read on to find out if
they were right. Think about it. Even as a little kid, no one had to tell you that when Mrs. Rabbit
told Peter, "Don't go into Mr. MacGregor's garden," he'd go – and get into trouble! The author's
words foreshadowed danger.
I looked at the speedometer… Paul was driving even faster. "Please slow down," I
said. "We're coming to a really bad curve in the road!" But he didn't slow down
and the snow was drifting higher and higher. I could hardly see the road!
Foreshadowing also "sets up" future events so you're prepared for them and they make sense.
You don't know why the author mentions snowdrifts until later in the story, when the car hits a
snowdrift that stops the vehicle from going over a cliff!”
Select Media. Methods, and MaterialsYouTube, text, video cameras/smartphones
Utilize Media and Materials YouTube will be used to short clips or videos that display good
examples of flashback and foreshadowing. The more dramatic that the media clips and materials
are the more that the concept of what is being taught will stuck with students.
Require Learner Participation The participation in this lesson is not as extreme in this lesson
because more than anything students will just need to listen and watch. This does require
participation however not that much except to display good listening skills and to pay attention.
If students do not keep up with this day just like any of the others they will not understand the
concept and the meaning of flashback and foreshadowing.
Evaluate and ReviseSince students will not be communicating and interacting as much in this
lesson as the other days, after watching the videos that will be shown to them displaying
examples of flashback and foreshadowing, after they will be split into small groups and they will
come up with their own little video displaying flashback and foreshadowing. By having students
do this I will be able to see if they understand what flashback and foreshadowing are and how to
identify those two literary devices.
Flashback is where the author depicts the occurrence of specific events to the reader, which have
taken place before the present time the narration is following, or events that have happened
before the events that are currently being unfolded in the story. Flashback devices that are
commonly used are past narratives by characters, depictions and references of dreams and
memories and a sub-device known as authorial sovereignty wherein the author directly chooses
to refer to a past occurrence by bringing it up in a straightforward manner. Flashback is used to
create a background to the present situation, place or person (Literary Devices).
Foreshadowing refers to the use of indicative words/phrases and hints that set the stage for a
story to unfold and give the reader a hint of something that is going to happen without revealing
the story or spoiling the suspense. Foreshadowing is used to suggest an upcoming outcome to the
story (Literary Devices).