What is the PQR4 strategy?P-PreviewQ-QuestionR-ReadR-ReflectR-ReciteR-ReviewBefore, during, and afterreading strategy.Helps improveunderstanding and recallof facts.Assists in organizinginformation better instudent’s heads.
Why would I teach PQR4?Focuses attentionOrganizes attentionAllows reader to connect with textChunks and breaks down the materialLeads to an active learning environment whereyou can deeply reflect on what you have read.
How would I teach PQR4?1. Preview the text: skim the text and look for mainpoints that will be covered.2. Question: Generate questions based upon mainpoints.3. Read: Read the text and keep track of your thinking.4. Reflect: Make connections of what you are reading.5. Recite: Read out loud and recall main points.
PreviewPreviewBefore teaching, introduce the topic that you willcover in class and prepare an outline and generatequestions for your students.Students will skim through titles, headings, table ofcontents, subheadings, pictures, charts, graphs,introductions, and summaries.
QuestionQuestionFormulate questions based on the preview of thematerial/topic.Turn headings and subheadings into questions.The preview and question steps may happen at thesame time and can act as an icebreaker ormotivating activity.
ReadStudents will read through the material trying tokeep the generated questions in mind.Read slowly and look for answers.Students are encouraged to keep tracks ashe/she is reading.
ReflectReflectHave students think back on the questions theyhave posed.Think about what is read and how it relates to whatyou already know.Use the connections; text to text, text to world, textto self.Provide questions and/or generated sheets toassess understanding.
ReciteReciteStudents will recite the main points and importantdetails that correlate to the topic.Read it aloud to yourself so you can hear what youjust learned.You may use a tape recorder and speak key termsand concepts.
ReviewReviewReview literature and turn back through the chapter to see ifyou can recall main points and/or themes.Associate what you have learned with your prior knowledge.Summarize what you have read and learned.Review information without looking back at your notes.Overlearn to help you rememberReview information 12-24 hours to move into long termmemory.