Personal Selling and Direct Marketing Chapter 16
Learning Goals <ul><li>Understand the role of a company’s salespeople in creating value.  </li></ul><ul><li>Know the six m...
Case Study CDW Corporation <ul><li>Nation’s largest reseller of technology products and services to small and mid-size bus...
Personal Selling <ul><li>The Nature of Personal Selling </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Salesperson covers a wide range of positions...
Personal Selling <ul><li>Agents </li></ul><ul><li>Sales Consultants </li></ul><ul><li>Sales Representatives </li></ul><ul>...
Personal Selling <ul><li>The Role of the Sales Force </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two-way personal communication </li></ul></ul><...
Definition <ul><li>Sales Force Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The analysis, planning, implementation, and control  of sa...
Managing the Sales Force <ul><li>Sales Force Strategy and Structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sales Force Structure </li></ul>...
Managing the  Sales Force <ul><li>Sales Force Strategy and Structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sales Force Size </li></ul></ul...
Managing the  Sales Force <ul><li>Recruiting and Selecting Salespeople </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Careful recruiting can:  </li...
Managing the  Sales Force <ul><li>Intrinsic motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Disciplined work style </li></ul><ul><li>The abil...
Managing the  Sales Force <ul><li>Training Salespeople </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Training period can be anywhere from a few we...
Managing the  Sales Force <ul><li>Compensating Salespeople </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compensation elements: salary, bonuses, c...
Managing the  Sales Force <ul><li>Supervising Salespeople </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Effective supervisors provide direction to...
Managing the  Sales Force <ul><li>Supervising Salespeople </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Effective supervisors also motivate the sa...
Managing the  Sales Force <ul><li>Evaluating Salespeople </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Several tools can be used </li></ul></ul><u...
The Personal Selling Process <ul><li>Prospecting and Qualifying </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prospecting: identifying potential c...
The Personal Selling Process <ul><li>Presentation and Demonstration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefits of the product are pres...
Definition <ul><li>Direct Marketing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consists of direct one-to-one connections with carefully targete...
Benefits of Direct Marketing <ul><li>For Buyers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Convenient </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to use <...
Benefits of Direct Marketing <ul><li>For Sellers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Powerful tool for building relationships </li></ul>...
Direct Marketing <ul><li>Customer Databases & Direct Marketing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Databases include comprehensive data ...
Direct Marketing <ul><li>Integrated Direct Marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Public Policy and Ethical Issues  </li></ul><ul><ul...
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Kotler16 Basic

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Kotler16 Basic

  1. 1. Personal Selling and Direct Marketing Chapter 16
  2. 2. Learning Goals <ul><li>Understand the role of a company’s salespeople in creating value. </li></ul><ul><li>Know the six major sales force management steps. </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the personal selling process, and how to distinguish between transaction-oriented marketing and relationship marketing. </li></ul><ul><li>Learn about direct marketing and its benefits to customers and companies. </li></ul><ul><li>Know the major forms of direct marketing. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Case Study CDW Corporation <ul><li>Nation’s largest reseller of technology products and services to small and mid-size businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Sales up 21% and profits up 17% annually </li></ul><ul><li>Highly devoted to customer with “Circle of Service” philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>Clicks and people direct marketing strategy combines personal selling with strong Web presence </li></ul><ul><li>Salespeople are highly knowledgeable </li></ul><ul><li>Training is extensive </li></ul>
  4. 4. Personal Selling <ul><li>The Nature of Personal Selling </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Salesperson covers a wide range of positions from order taker to order getter responsible for relationship building </li></ul></ul>Goal 1: Understand the role of the salespeople in creating value
  5. 5. Personal Selling <ul><li>Agents </li></ul><ul><li>Sales Consultants </li></ul><ul><li>Sales Representatives </li></ul><ul><li>Account Executives </li></ul><ul><li>Sales Engineers </li></ul><ul><li>District Managers </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing Representatives </li></ul><ul><li>Account Development Representatives </li></ul>Salespeople Have Many Names Goal 1: Understand the role of the salespeople in creating value
  6. 6. Personal Selling <ul><li>The Role of the Sales Force </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two-way personal communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More effective than advertising in complex selling situations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The sales force plays a major role in most companies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The sales force represents the company to customers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They also represent the customers to the company </li></ul></ul>Goal 1: Understand the role of the salespeople in creating value
  7. 7. Definition <ul><li>Sales Force Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The analysis, planning, implementation, and control of sales force activities </li></ul></ul>Goal 2: Know the six major sales force management steps
  8. 8. Managing the Sales Force <ul><li>Sales Force Strategy and Structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sales Force Structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Territorial sales force structure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Product sales force structure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Customer sales force structure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Complex sales force structure </li></ul></ul></ul>Goal 2: Know the six major sales force management steps
  9. 9. Managing the Sales Force <ul><li>Sales Force Strategy and Structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sales Force Size </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Many companies use the workload approach to set sales force size </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other Issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Outside and inside sales forces </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Team selling </li></ul></ul></ul>Goal 2: Know the six major sales force management steps
  10. 10. Managing the Sales Force <ul><li>Recruiting and Selecting Salespeople </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Careful recruiting can: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increase overall sales force performance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce turnover </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce recruiting and training costs </li></ul></ul></ul>Goal 2: Know the six major sales force management steps
  11. 11. Managing the Sales Force <ul><li>Intrinsic motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Disciplined work style </li></ul><ul><li>The ability to close a sale </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to build relationships with customers </li></ul>Traits of Successful Salespeople Goal 2: Know the six major sales force management steps
  12. 12. Managing the Sales Force <ul><li>Training Salespeople </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Training period can be anywhere from a few weeks to a year or more </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training is expensive, but yields strong returns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training programs have many goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many companies are adding Web-based sales training programs </li></ul></ul>Goal 2: Know the six major sales force management steps
  13. 13. Managing the Sales Force <ul><li>Compensating Salespeople </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compensation elements: salary, bonuses, commissions, expenses, and fringe benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic compensation plans: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Straight salary </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Straight commission </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Salary plus bonus </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Salary plus commission </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compensation plans should direct the sales force toward activities that are consistent with overall marketing objectives. </li></ul></ul>Goal 2: Know the six major sales force management steps
  14. 14. Managing the Sales Force <ul><li>Supervising Salespeople </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Effective supervisors provide direction to the sales force </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Annual call plans and time-and-duty analysis can help provide direction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sales force automation systems assist in creating more efficient sales force operations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Internet is the fastest-growing sales technology tool </li></ul></ul></ul>Goal 2: Know the six major sales force management steps
  15. 15. Managing the Sales Force <ul><li>Supervising Salespeople </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Effective supervisors also motivate the sales force </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Organizational climate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sales quotas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Positive incentives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sales meetings, sales contests, honors, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Goal 2: Know the six major sales force management steps
  16. 16. Managing the Sales Force <ul><li>Evaluating Salespeople </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Several tools can be used </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sales reports </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Call reports </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Expense reports </li></ul></ul></ul>Goal 2: Know the six major sales force management steps
  17. 17. The Personal Selling Process <ul><li>Prospecting and Qualifying </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prospecting: identifying potential customers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Qualifying: Screening leads </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Preapproach </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning as much as possible about a prospective customer prior to making a sales call </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Approach </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stage where the salesperson meets the customer for the first time </li></ul></ul>Goal 3: Understand the personal selling process
  18. 18. The Personal Selling Process <ul><li>Presentation and Demonstration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefits of the product are presented/demonstrated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding prospect needs is key </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Handling Objections and Closing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Asking for the order </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Follow-up </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Helps ensure customer satisfaction </li></ul></ul>Goal 3: Understand the personal selling process
  19. 19. Definition <ul><li>Direct Marketing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consists of direct one-to-one connections with carefully targeted individual consumers to both obtain an immediate response and cultivate lasting customer relationships. </li></ul></ul>Goal 4: Learn about direct marketing and its benefits
  20. 20. Benefits of Direct Marketing <ul><li>For Buyers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Convenient </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Private </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to a wealth of information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immediate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interactive </li></ul></ul>Goal 4: Learn about direct marketing and its benefits
  21. 21. Benefits of Direct Marketing <ul><li>For Sellers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Powerful tool for building relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows for targeting of small groups or individuals with customized offers in a personalized fashion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be timed to reach prospects at the right time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offers access to buyers that couldn’t be reached via other channels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low-cost, effective alternative for reaching specific markets </li></ul></ul>Goal 4: Learn about direct marketing and its benefits
  22. 22. Direct Marketing <ul><li>Customer Databases & Direct Marketing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Databases include comprehensive data including geographic, demographic, psychographic and behavioral </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Databases can be used to identify prospects, tailor products, and maintain customer relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Database marketing requires substantial investment in hardware, software, personnel </li></ul></ul>Goal 5: Know the major forms of direct marketing
  23. 23. Direct Marketing <ul><li>Integrated Direct Marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Public Policy and Ethical Issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Irritation, Unfairness, Deception, and Fraud </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invasion of Privacy </li></ul></ul>Goal 5: Know the major forms of direct marketing
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